Navigation Links
Study Published In Contraception Evaluates Medical Expenditures For Unintended Pregnancies And Potential Cost Impact Of Increased Use Of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception

WAYNE, N.J., Sept. 13, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. today announced that a new study published in the journal Contraception shows that if 10 percent of women in their twenties -- the age group associated with the highest number of unintended pregnancies annually in the U.S.1 -- changed from oral contraception to long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) such as the implant, intrauterine device (IUD) and hormonal intrauterine system (IUS), an estimated $288 million would be saved each year in third-party payer medical costs.1

"Popular methods of contraception are effective with correct and consistent use, but strict adherence to a birth control regimen is a challenge for many people," said study researcher James Trussell, Professor of Economics and Public Affairs and Faculty Associate of the Office of Population Research at Princeton University. "Greater use of LARC would lower the costs of unintended pregnancies in the U.S."

LARC is the most effective type of reversible birth control available and does not depend on daily adherence.1 Short-acting reversible contraception (SARC) includes the oral contraceptive pill (OC), male condom, patch, injectables and vaginal ring.  Inconsistent or incorrect use of birth control accounts for nearly half of the three million unplanned pregnancies that occur each year in the U.S., and for a majority of the estimated $4.6 billion in related annual medical expenditures.1

The economic model utilized in the study estimated cost savings that might be generated by a subset of women aged 20-29 changing to LARC from other contraceptive methods, as this age group currently accounts for 53 percent (1.67 million) of unintended pregnancies every year.1 Three scenarios of switching were explored, all of which generated cost savings with higher LARC usage. Researchers found that the largest savings ($436 million) could be achieved when 10 percent of this population currently using either no birth control or any SARC methods changed to LARC.1

A non-annualized cost analysis found that when women in the 20-29-year age group changed from non-LARC to LARC methods, it resulted in net cost increases due to the high upfront costs of LARC methods. A cost-neutrality analysis found that among women currently using any SARC, assuming a 10 percent change to LARC, cost neutrality is achieved after 1.62 years (aged 20–24) and 1.82 years (aged 25–29).1

"The results of this analysis underline the substantial and potentially avoidable costs of unintended pregnancies, particularly among young women," said Fareen Hassan, HEOR Consultant at IMS Health and one of the study's authors. "Medicare prices were used to calculate costs in the study, which are likely lower than those of private insurers, and the long-term health and economic costs of unintended pregnancies were not considered."

About the Study

An economic model was constructed to estimate direct costs of unintended pregnancies to third-party payers as well as the proportion of costs that could be attributed to imperfect contraceptive adherence. The model considered all U.S. women requiring reversible contraception: those aged 15-44 years who are sexually active and of child-bearing age but who currently neither seek pregnancy nor wish to be permanently sterilized. The pattern of contraceptive use and rates of unintended pregnancy were derived from published sources.1

The analysis represented an average one year period of use, to allow comparability between reversible methods that are short-acting (SARC) and long-acting (LARC).1 Costs associated with unintended pregnancy outcomes in the U.S. within the inpatient, outpatient and non-hospital settings were obtained from the Medicare Fee Schedule 2011, and a weighted average cost for each outcome derived; the cost of each event was multiplied by the annual number of events to generate an estimate of total unintended pregnancy costs.1

In addition to no method, 10 reversible contraceptive methods were considered in the analysis. SARC included the oral contraceptive pill (OC), male condom, patch, injectables and vaginal ring. LARC included implant, intrauterine device (IUD) and hormonal intrauterine system (IUS). Other methods were withdrawal and periodic abstinence.  Permanent contraceptive methods were not considered.1 The study was conducted by IMS Health and was funded by Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Women should talk with their healthcare providers about which contraceptive method is appropriate for them. 

About IMS Health

IMS Health is a leading provider of information, services and technology for the healthcare industry around the world. The company draws on its global technology infrastructure and unique combination of in-depth, sophisticated analytics, on-shore and off-shore commercial services, and software platforms to help clients better understand the performance and dynamics of healthcare systems. With a presence in 100+ countries and more than 55 years of industry experience, IMS serves leading decision makers in healthcare, including pharmaceutical manufacturers and distributors, providers, payers, government agencies, policymakers, researchers and the financial community. Additional information is available at

About Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc. is the U.S.-based pharmaceuticals business of Bayer HealthCare LLC, a subsidiary of Bayer AG. Bayer HealthCare is one of the world's leading, innovative companies in the healthcare and medical products industry, and combines the activities of the Animal Health, Consumer Care, Diabetes Care, and Pharmaceuticals divisions.  As a specialty pharmaceutical company, Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals provides products for Diagnostic Imaging, General Medicine, Hematology, Neurology, Oncology and Women's Healthcare.  The company's aim is to discover and manufacture products that will improve human health worldwide by diagnosing, preventing and treating diseases.

BAYER® and Bayer Cross® are registered trademarks of Bayer. 


Forward-Looking Statement
This news release may contain forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Bayer Group or subgroup management. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performance of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Bayer's public reports which are available on the Bayer website at The company assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking statements or to conform them to future events or developments.  

1 J. Trussell et al. / Contraception - 10 September 2012

Intended for U.S. media only

SOURCE Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Copyright©2012 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Pearl Therapeutics Completes Phase 2b Study of Glycopyrrolate, Defines Dose-Response Curve and Identifies Optimal Dose of PT001
2. BioDelivery Sciences Announces Positive Results of Pivotal Pharmacokinetic Study Comparing BEMA Buprenorphine/Naloxone (BNX) to Suboxone
3. Study Results of Artificial Disc Recipients Show Significant Improvement Compared to Pre-Surgery Condition
4. IncellDx, Inc. Announces an Agreement with BioReference Laboratories, Inc. to Conduct a 10,000 Sample Study Using a Slideless Pap Smear
5. Healthpoint Biotherapeutics Initiates Phase III Study of Unique Investigational Cell-Based Therapy for Venous Leg Ulcers
6. Sorbent Therapeutics Presents CLP1001 Phase 2a Study Results at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Heart Failure Society of America
7. Pharma Industry Stretching Every Dollar: New Study Finds Rise in Outsourcing of Key Support Functions
8. Eaton Scientific Systems, Ltd. completes its Study Protocol for its Planned Clinical Trial of its Patent Pending Non-Hormonal Treatment of Hot Flashes.
9. Lilly Announces Results From Lung Cancer Study
10. Avanir Pharmaceuticals Announces Publication Of PBA Burden Of Illness Study
11. American Journal of Medicine Publishes Hypertension Study Comparing the Fixed-Dose Combination of Azilsartan Medoxomil and Chlorthalidone versus Azilsartan Medoxomil Co-administered with Hydrochlorothiazide
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/2/2016)... WOONSOCKET, R.I. , Dec. 2, 2016 ... hold its annual Analyst Day in New York City on Thursday, December ... the CVS Health leadership team will provide an in-depth ... and enhance shareholder value. The company will also discuss ... audio and video webcast of the event will be ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Orthopedic Implants (Including Spinal ... Expected to Gain a Significant Market Share Owing to a ... ... According to a new report by ... Sterile Packaging: Clamshell Product Type Segment Projected to Witness a ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... N.J. , Dec. 2, 2016   CytoSorbents ... immunotherapy leader commercializing its European Union approved CytoSorb ... and cardiac surgery patients worldwide, announced that Dr. ... the 9th Annual LD Micro Main Event ... , 2016 at the Luxe Sunset Boulevard Hotel in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... Mediaplanet is proud to announce the launch of ... treatments, therapeutic technologies, and revolutionized nutrition that are helping patients and physicians manage ... in the last 3 decades,” says Dr. Valentine Fuster, a world-renowned cardiologist. “This ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... Rijuven Corp launches rejiva ( ), a unique wearable technology ... health technology on the market can deliver all that rejiva can. , “Rejiva promotes ... their health than the usual heart rate and steps taken”, adds Evens Augustin, CEO ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Today ... intelligent, connected applications, was named the best Sales Team of 2016 as part ... was made today by the Software & Information Industry Association (SIIA), the principal ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... , ... "I hate when the mixture of saliva and toothpaste runs down ... from Bridgewater, N.J. "I thought that there had to be a way to prevent ... patent-pending DEFLECTOR to prevent saliva and toothpaste from running down the brush handle onto ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... U.K. (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... address the tech functions and stylish design wanted by today’s consumers at an ... Cronovo Co-Founder Darin Philip says the new watch is “a game changer” when ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):