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Star Scientific Reports Publication of First Peer-Reviewed Article on the Effects of Anatabine in an Animal Model of Multiple Sclerosis
Date:1/31/2013

e array of inflammatory genes including cytokines, suggesting a mechanism by which anatabine antagonizes pro-inflammatory cytokine production.

In addition, the researchers found that anatabine reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the brain and significantly prevented demyelination in the spinal cord of EAE mice. In humans, demyelination in the spinal cord is associated with muscle weakness and paralysis in MS. Therefore, the researchers concluded that the "data suggest that anatabine may be effective in the treatment of MS."

Dr. Michael Mullan , President and CEO of the Roskamp Institute, commented, "The most remarkable results were the clear inhibition of brain inflammation and the degeneration of the spinal cord by anatabine and the accompanying inhibition of the severe paralysis that usually accompanied the model."

Dr. Daniel Paris , the primary author of the article and Head of Research and Development at the Roskamp Institute, added, "The oral administration of anatabine potently reduced the neurological deficits and abrogated the pathological lesions in the spinal cord that are responsible for the development of paralysis in this mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition our work also explains the beneficial activity of anatabine in this MS model by showing that this compound prevents the activation of key molecules that orchestrate the propagation of inflammation in the central nervous system and the periphery."

The full title of the study is, "Amelioration of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis by Anatabine," and can be viewed here: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055392. This study builds upon earlier research conducted by the Roskamp Institute, which showed that the natural alkaloid anatabine displays anti-inflammatory properties and readily crosses the blood brai
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SOURCE Star Scientific, Inc.
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