Navigation Links
Researchers Identify Two Genes as Potential Therapeutic Targets for Multiple Sclerosis
Date:9/11/2009

ROCHESTER, Minn., Sept. 11 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A Mayo Clinic study has found that two genes in mice were associated with good central nervous system repair in multiple sclerosis (MS). These findings give researchers new hope for developing more effective therapies for patients with MS and for predicting MS patients' outcomes. This study will be presented at the Congress of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis in Dusseldorf, Germany, on Sept. 11, 2009.

(Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20090105/MAYOLOGO)

"Most MS genetic studies have looked at disease susceptibility -- or why some people get MS and others do not," says Allan Bieber, Ph.D., a Mayo Clinic neuroscientist and author of this study. "This study asked, among those who have MS, why do some do well with the disease while others do poorly, and what might be the genetic determinants of this difference in outcome."

Mayo Clinic provides care for nearly 2,500 patients with MS each year. MS is a disease of the central nervous system that includes the brain, spinal cord and nerves. MS is called a demyelinating disease because it results from damage to myelin, the insulating covering of nerves. It occurs most commonly in those between the ages of 20 and 40, and is the most frequent neurological disorder in young adults in North America and Europe. Approximately 330,000 people in the United States have MS. Symptoms include loss of muscle coordination, strength, vision, balance and cognition.

Dr. Bieber and a team of Mayo Clinic researchers used two different strains of mice with a chronic, progressive MS-like disease. One strain progressed to paralysis and death. The other underwent the initial damage induction phase of the disease and then spontaneously repaired the damage to the central nervous system and retained most neurologic function. Using the powerful genetic mapping techniques that are available for mice, the team mapped two strong genetic determinants of good disease outcome.

"It's possible that the identification of these genes may provide the first important clue as to why some patients with MS do well, while others do not," says Dr. Bieber. "The genetic data indicates that good central nervous system repair results from stimulation of one genetic pathway and inhibition of another genetic pathway. While we're still in the early stages of this research, it could eventually lead to the development of useful therapies that stimulate or inhibit these genetic pathways in patients with MS."

According to Dr. Bieber, the research suggests that there may be a small number of strong genetic determinants for central nervous system repair following demyelinating disease, rather than a larger number of weak determinants.

"If that's true, it may be possible to map the most important genetic determinants of central nervous system repair in patients with MS and define a reparative genotype that could predict patients' outcomes," says Moses Rodriguez, M.D., a Mayo Clinic neurologist and director of Mayo Clinic's Center for Multiple Sclerosis and Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases Research and Therapeutics. "Such a diagnostic tool would be a great benefit to patients with MS and is consistent with the concepts of 'individualized medicine."

Also on the Mayo Clinic research team was Kanitta Suwansrinon, M.D.

About Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic is the first and largest integrated, not-for-profit group practice in the world. Doctors from every medical specialty work together to care for patients, joined by common systems and a philosophy of "the needs of the patient come first." More than 3,300 physicians, scientists and researchers and 46,000 allied health staff work at Mayo Clinic, which has sites in Rochester, Minn; Jacksonville, Fla; and Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz. Collectively, the three locations treat more than half a million people each year. To obtain the latest news releases from Mayo Clinic, go to www.mayoclinic.org/news. For information about research and education, visit www.mayo.edu. MayoClinic.com (www.mayoclinic.com) is available as a resource for your health stories.

This news release was issued on behalf of Newswise(TM). For more information, visithttp://www.newswise.com.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Mayo Clinic
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Researchers at Cleveland Clinic Identify Site of Dysfunction in HDL, Carrier of Good Cholesterol
2. Cleveland Clinic Researchers Identify Mechanism Behind Platelet Function and Potentially Fatal Blood Clot Formation
3. Researchers Identify Virus Possibly Responsible for Declining Honeybee Population Using 454 Sequencing Technology from Roche
4. Peregrine Researchers Report Data Showing Bavituximabs Potential to Shrink Human Prostate Tumors in Model of Relapsed Disease
5. K-State Researchers Bringing Expertise to Kansas City Symposium on Disease and National Security
6. U. of Md. Researchers to Develop Devices to Revolutionize Drug Research
7. 454 Sequencing(TM) in Science Today: Researchers Uncover a Genetic Basis for Different Social Behaviors in Wasps
8. Researchers Report First Successful Treatment of Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury
9. Potential Breakthrough Cancer Treatment Emerges from MIPS-Funded Clinical Trial Teaming CSA Medical Inc. and University of Maryland Researchers
10. Researchers Develop New Procedure to Screen All 46 Human Chromosomes to Identify Abnormalities in Embryos
11. Researchers Train the Immune System to Deliver Virus That Destroys Cancer in Lab Models
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... of POZEN Inc. ("POZEN") and Tribute Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc. ("Tribute") ... and shareholders of Tribute. The combined company will operate ... company with operations in Canada , ... United States . Under the terms of the ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... February 5, 2016 --> ... report states that the global active pharmaceuticals ingredients (APIs) ... predicted to reach US$185.9 bn by 2020. It is ... 2014 to 2020. The title of the report is ... by Geography, and by Therapeutic Area) - Global Industry ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  Henry Schein, Inc. (NASDAQ: HSIC ... and services to office-based dental, animal health and medical ... agreement to acquire a majority ownership interest in Dental ... in Brazil . ... Dental Cremer is the dental distribution business of Cremer ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... The event is being ... Block Event Center in Minneapolis, Minn. Triumph Over Parkinson’s will fund nearly $100,000 for ... of Schneiderman’s Furniture, lives with Parkinson’s disease and is the architect of this informative ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... , ... After years as an active staff surgeon and having served as ... Wayne Carman transitioned to chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery at what is ... chief and began a second three-year term in January of 2016. , The original ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users know ... having to wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After the ... lose weight and get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or running ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Georgia (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... Dr. ... to announce their 2nd Annual No Cost Dental Day to individuals in need. The ... The purpose of this No Cost Dental Day is to provide dental care to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Health and wellness is a topic that should ... event they are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a severe form of a headache ... migraines would not wish the pain on their worst enemy, the feeling can last ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):