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Reportlinker Adds Impact of Counterfeits on Parallel Trade & Pharmaceutical Distribution: Issues, initiatives and insights for supply chain integrity
Date:11/3/2009

arallel-traded drugs 26

Disease incidence and type 26

Drug formulation 26

Transport and distribution 27

Advantages and disadvantages of parallel trade 29

Key advantages of parallel trade 29

Key disadvantages of parallel trade 31

Quality and safety concerns: the risk of counterfeiting 32

Parallel traders: building bridges for portfolio services 34

Extent of parallel trade in European markets 35

Denmark 37

Germany 38

France 38

Netherlands 39

Norway 39

Spain 39

United Kingdom 41

Direct-to-pharmacy distribution 42

Pharmaceutical Price Regulation Scheme 2009 43

Recent legislation on parallel trade in Europe 44

Importance of stakeholder support 46

Chapter 2 PT in North America: A crossborder growth industry 48

Summary 48

Pharmaceutical importation in the US 49

The legal framework: past and present 49

2003 Medicare reform bill and Canadian imports 50

Recent legislature on importation 53

Scope of parallel importation in the US 54

Online pharmacies and parallel distribution 56

Unapproved imports in Canada 61

Chapter 3 Counterfeits and the global pharmaceutical supply distribution chain 64

Summary 64

Introduction 65

The extent of counterfeiting - a global analysis 66

Factors driving counterfeit trade 67

Counterfeits in developed countries: recent evidence 70

European Union 70

United Kingdom 71

France 72

Germany 73

Italy 73

Netherlands 73

Recent enforcement action in the EU 74

North America 76

Canada 77

Counterfeits in developing countries 78

Counterfeiting in Africa, Asia, Midd
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