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One Year Study of Exenatide Treatment Showed Improved Beta-Cell Function
Date:9/21/2007

nsulin glargine, showed significant improvements in beta-cell function as measured by arginine and glucose induced C-peptide (a peptide associated with insulin production) secretion during a glucose clamp procedure (a technique used to assess insulin secretion)(2,3). Specifically, C-peptide secretion in response to arginine administration (which produces maximal beta-cell stimulation) was 146 percent greater after one year of treatment with exenatide when compared to insulin glargine (mean ratio relative to baseline for exenatide and insulin glargine + or -SEM: 3.19 + or - 0.24 vs. 1.31 + or - 0.07, respectively, p<0.0001). First phase glucose induced C-peptide secretion was 52 percent greater after one year of exenatide compared to insulin glargine therapy (mean ratio relative to baseline + or -SEM: 1.75 + or - 0.10 vs. 1.16 + or - 0.06, respectively, p<0.0001). Second phase C-peptide secretion increased 185 percent more with exenatide (mean ratio relative to baseline + or -SEM: 3.05 + or - 0.22) versus insulin glargine (1.08 + or - 0.05, p<0.0001).

The average HbA1c of randomized patients at the start of the trial was 7.5 + or - 0.1 percent. Treatment with exenatide resulted in blood sugar control (as measured by reductions in HbA1c) comparable to treatment with insulin glargine (-0.8 + or - 0.1 percent and -0.7 + or - 0.2 percent, respectively, a difference between groups that was not statistically significant).

On average, exenatide treatment also resulted in a reduction in body weight. At the start of the study, randomized patients had a mean weight of 91.4 + or - 1.6 kg (201.6 + or - 3.5 lb). Patients on exenatide lost an average of 3.6 + or - 0.6 kg (7.8 + or - 1.4 lb), while those receiving insulin glargine gained an average of 1.0 + or - 0.8 kg (2.2 + or - 1.8 lb). The total difference in weight between the exenatide and insulin glargine groups was 4.6 kg (10.0 lb).

"Previous exenatide studies have shown comparable glycemic improvements wh
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SOURCE Eli Lilly and Company
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