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Newly Published Study Results Showed That Two Mealtime Insulin Dosing Algorithms Were Effective for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Date:7/22/2008

Two Regimens Including Lantus(R) and Apidra(R) Resulted in Significant Reductions in A1C in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes, Whatever the Algorithm

Used

BRIDGEWATER, N.J., July 22 /PRNewswire/ -- Results from the "Adjust to Target in Type 2 Diabetes: Comparison of a Simple Algorithm to Carbohydrate Counting for Adjustment of Mealtime Insulin Glulisine" study, were published in the American Diabetes Association's (ADA) medical journal, Diabetes Care. This study, using a basal-bolus insulin regimen with Lantus(R) (insulin glargine [rDNA origin] injection) once daily (basal insulin) and rapid-acting Apidra(R) (insulin glulisine [rDNA origin] injection) at mealtime (bolus insulin) demonstrated significant reductions in postprandial blood glucose and A1C using two different dosing algorithms.

The 24-week, multicenter, randomized, controlled study compared two algorithms for adjusting mealtime insulin (Apidra(R)) in 273 intent-to-treat patients with type 2 diabetes. Apidra(R) and Lantus(R) were adjusted weekly in both groups based on the previous week's self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) results. One group, the "Simplified Algorithm" group, was provided set doses of Apidra(R) to take before each meal. The second group, the "Carbohydrate Counting" group, was provided an insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio to use for each meal and adjusted their Apidra(R) dose based on amount of carbohydrate consumed. After 24 weeks, the percentage of patients who achieved A1C<7 percent -- the ADA's recommended target for blood sugar control -- while following these two treatment algorithms were 73% and 69% (P=0.70), respectively.

Average A1C levels at week 24 were 6.70 in the Simplified Algorithm group and 6.54 percent in the Carb Counting group. The respective mean A1C changes from baseline to 24 weeks were -1.46 percent and -1.59 percent (P=.24). A1C <7.0 percent was achieved by 73 percent (Simplified Algorithm) and 69 percent (C
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SOURCE sanofi-aventis
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