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New Risk Factor for Heart Disease Identified in Very Young Children, According to Study at American Heart Association Scientific Sessions
Date:11/5/2007

y those children, we have to take aggressive action to reduce the obesity that BMI reflects, so that we prevent an epidemic of heart disease in young adults in the next decades."

In their most current study, on BMI rebound age, Dr. Kimball and his colleagues enrolled 308, 3-year-old children in the study. The children were divided into three groups:

-- Early BMI rebound age (below the 25th percentile)

-- Middle BMI rebound age (between the 25th and 75th percentiles)

-- Late BMI rebound age (above the 75th percentile)

Every four months, the researchers measured the children's height and weight. At age 7, the researchers obtained echocardiograms to determine left ventricular mass and left atrial size and laboratory tests to determine other risk factors. For boys and girls, earlier age of BMI rebound was associated with negative cardiovascular changes including high blood pressure and elevated left ventricular mass which is known to be a major risk factor for heart disease in adults.

Girls had a slightly earlier BMI rebound than boys, putting them at a slightly higher risk because they started gaining weight earlier, according to Dr. Kimball. BMI rebound age for children in the 25th percentile was 4.4 years for boys and 4.2 years for girls. BMI rebound age for children in the 75th percentile was 6.6 years for boys and 5.7 years for girls.


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SOURCE Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
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