Navigation Links
New Guidelines: Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Date:2/14/2008

HARRISBURG, Pa., Feb. 14 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Until recently, it was recommended that many patients with cardiac conditions receive short-term antibiotics prior to receiving dental treatment to prevent the risk of infective endocarditis (IE). The American Heart Association (AHA) has since revised those guidelines and the revisions bring good news for most cardiac patients: many patients who have taken prophylactic antibiotics routinely in the past no longer need them.

The American Dental Association (ADA) provided input to the AHA on the new guidelines, which were also developed in part by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Academy of Pediatrics. This group reviewed and analyzed information from both national and international experts on IE and revised guidelines were released last April.

The updated guidelines state that patients who have taken prophylactic antibiotics in the past but no longer need them include people with:

-- Mitral valve prolapse

-- Rheumatic heart disease

-- Bicuspid valve disease

-- Calcified aortic stenosis

-- Congenital heart conditions such as ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

These revisions are based on scientific evidence that conclude that the risks of taking preventive antibiotics, such as adverse reactions to the antibiotics and development of drug resistant bacteria, outweigh the benefits for most patients.

However, as with any guidelines, there are exceptions. Preventive antibiotics prior to dental procedures are still advised for patients with:

-- Artificial heart valves

-- History of IE

-- Unrepaired or incompletely repaired cyanotic congenital heart disease, including those with palliative shunts and conduits

-- A completely repaired congenital heart defect with prosthetic material or device, whether placed by surgery or catheter intervention, during the first six months after the procedure or any repaired congenital heart defect with residual defect at the site or adjacent to the site of a prosthetic patch or a prosthetic device

-- Any cardiac transplant that develops a problem in a heart valve

The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) stresses the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene habits as an essential and easy way to prevent IE, and offers the following tips:

-- Brush your teeth twice a day with an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Replace your toothbrush as soon as the bristles become frayed, about every three to four months. Floss daily to remove plaque stuck between the teeth.

-- Eat a well-balanced diet, limiting sugary snacks and beverages.

-- See your dentist regularly for cleanings and oral exams.

For more information on other oral health topics, visit PDA's website at http://www.padental.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Pennsylvania Dental Association
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. For Most, Good Oral Care Does More Than Antibiotics to Prevent Dental-Related Heart Problems, Reports the Harvard Heart Letter
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/8/2017)... Mich. , May 8, 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, ... WRB Communications, Inc. ("WRB"), a health care service ... . WRB specializes in relationship management programs ... WRB will join ... Diplomat,s commercialization support services for manufacturers, biotech firms, and ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: ... approximately 100,000 square feet to its Welch Allyn campus. ... its commitment to bring more than 100 new jobs ... Welch Allyn has maintained a significant presence for more ... these new positions, a large portion of which will ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... , May 4, 2017 Clarius ... its wireless, handheld ultrasound scanners this week at ... Scientific Meeting (ACOG) in San Diego, ... "Clarius is the perfect tool for ... and heart rate, and evaluate pregnancy-related complications like ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Adelberg-Montalvan Pediatric Dentistry ... for its patients on Long Island, New York. , Holistic dentistry puts ... is one of the biggest trends in dentistry today. , Dentist Dr. ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Dymedix® Diagnostics, Inc., ... today it had completed the first phase of building a global distribution network. ... of world (ROW) authorized dealers specializing in polysomnography accessories. The company plans ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Cambridge, MA, May 23, 2017—Total ... according to a Workers Compensation Research Institute (WCRI) study, a contrast from the ... System: CompScope™ Benchmarks, 17th Edition looks at indemnity and medical payments for ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... The Gallery of Cosmetic ... is pleased to announce a new treatment option called Vivace Microneedling. This treatment ... neck, and body through a virtually pain-free, non-surgical treatment. Vivace Microneedling combines a ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... SC (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... New ... Dr. Kevin Hogan, an experienced dentist practicing in Mt. Pleasant, SC, with or without ... is often recommended for patients with missing teeth in Charleston, SC. Those ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):