Navigation Links
New Guidelines: Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Date:2/14/2008

HARRISBURG, Pa., Feb. 14 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Until recently, it was recommended that many patients with cardiac conditions receive short-term antibiotics prior to receiving dental treatment to prevent the risk of infective endocarditis (IE). The American Heart Association (AHA) has since revised those guidelines and the revisions bring good news for most cardiac patients: many patients who have taken prophylactic antibiotics routinely in the past no longer need them.

The American Dental Association (ADA) provided input to the AHA on the new guidelines, which were also developed in part by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Academy of Pediatrics. This group reviewed and analyzed information from both national and international experts on IE and revised guidelines were released last April.

The updated guidelines state that patients who have taken prophylactic antibiotics in the past but no longer need them include people with:

-- Mitral valve prolapse

-- Rheumatic heart disease

-- Bicuspid valve disease

-- Calcified aortic stenosis

-- Congenital heart conditions such as ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

These revisions are based on scientific evidence that conclude that the risks of taking preventive antibiotics, such as adverse reactions to the antibiotics and development of drug resistant bacteria, outweigh the benefits for most patients.

However, as with any guidelines, there are exceptions. Preventive antibiotics prior to dental procedures are still advised for patients with:

-- Artificial heart valves

-- History of IE

-- Unrepaired or incompletely repaired cyanotic congenital heart disease, including those with palliative shunts and conduits

-- A completely repaired congenital heart defect with prosthetic material or device, whether placed by surgery or catheter intervention, during the first six months after the procedure or any repaired congenital heart defect with residual defect at the site or adjacent to the site of a prosthetic patch or a prosthetic device

-- Any cardiac transplant that develops a problem in a heart valve

The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) stresses the importance of maintaining good oral hygiene habits as an essential and easy way to prevent IE, and offers the following tips:

-- Brush your teeth twice a day with an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Replace your toothbrush as soon as the bristles become frayed, about every three to four months. Floss daily to remove plaque stuck between the teeth.

-- Eat a well-balanced diet, limiting sugary snacks and beverages.

-- See your dentist regularly for cleanings and oral exams.

For more information on other oral health topics, visit PDA's website at http://www.padental.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Pennsylvania Dental Association
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. For Most, Good Oral Care Does More Than Antibiotics to Prevent Dental-Related Heart Problems, Reports the Harvard Heart Letter
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Application, Usability - Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... , , ... grow at a CAGR of around 3.2% from 2015 to 2025. ... advancements in extracellular microelectrode arrays and intracellular microelectrodes, research in left-to-right ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 Bodycad announced it has been ... accuracy, reproducibility and speed for 3D constructs via ... bone orthopaedic applications. These patents are critical to ... restorations based on each patient,s distinct anatomy. ... harnesses the world,s first suite of orthopaedic CAD/CAM ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016  A new study ... that the use of opioid therapy to treat chronic ... the likelihood of more harmful consequences, including death. ... M.D., and Zankhana Mehta , M.D., authored the ... on chronic opioid therapy. The study was published in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:12/8/2016)... Louis, MS (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... that serve commercial and residential clients in and around the Hancock County area, is ... for the Hancock County Food Pantry. , The Hancock County Food Pantry has worked ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Bill Mull Agencies, a ... in and around central Kansas, is joining the Youth Horizons organization for a ... , Headquartered in Wichita, Youth Horizons works to empower area children from unstable, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... will have the unique opportunity to get hands-on experience in an emergency ... students an immersive experience to gain invaluable, real-life medical skills that are critical ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Kenall Manufacturing, a leader in sealed healthcare lighting ... MPCNGX is a multi-function, sealed, LED luminaire that meets the needs of everyone in ... it’s needed. , A 2’ x 4’ model features four modes: reading, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... LA (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... used to treat wrinkles and deep lines by smoothing and tightening the skin ... invasive techniques out there to address facial aging with very little downtime, Silhouette ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):