Navigation Links
New Drug Combination is Able to Eradicate Breast Metastases in Mice
Date:12/17/2007

SAN ANTONIO, Dec. 17 /PRNewswire/ -- A novel combination of drugs was able to completely eradicate human breast metastases growing in mice, and shows promise for the effective treatment of patients with advanced metastatic breast cancer. Dr. Sophia Ran from Southern Illinois University School of Medicine presented the results of a study using nab-paclitaxel and bevacizumab to treat lymphatic and pulmonary metastases in female SCID mice.

Paclitaxel is a widely used cancer chemotherapy drug, originally derived from an extract of the yew tree. It can have severe side effects, some of which are related to the fact that it will not dissolve in water and has to be dissolved in organic solvents for injection. Nab-paclitaxel is a nanoparticle form of paclitaxel that is coated with a nonreactive protein, albumin, allowing it to be dissolved in water. This has reduced the side effects of the treatment, and also makes it more effective.

Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), a protein that is involved in building new blood vessels. Tumors require new networks of blood vessels in order to grow.

The idea for this research came from the observation that, nf cells that survive treatment with chemotherapy, the stress of the treatment causes excess VEGF-A to be produced. The VEGF-A protects the cells against future chemotherapy, and also generates new blood vessels. Both mechanisms may contribute to tumor recurrence and metastatic spread following chemotherapy. This is the molecular basis for combining bevacizumab with nab-paclitaxel for the treatment of metastatic tumors.

For this study, human breast cancer cells were implanted into mammary fat pads (the mouse equivalent of breast tissue) of female mice. The implanted cells grew into tumors, and lymphatic and pulmonary metastases developed by the time that the drugs were administered.

The drug combination completely eradicated the original tumors, although bevacizumab alone had no effect, and nab-paclitaxel alone caused tumor regression for only 27 days, after which the tumors grew back.

The drug combination also completely eradicated metastases in the treated animals. Bevacizumab alone and nab-paclitaxel alone reduced the average number of metastases by no more than 50%.

The combination of bevacizumab and nab-paclitaxel is currently being tested in early trials of women with metastatic breast cancer.


'/>"/>
SOURCE San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. CuraGen and TopoTarget Initiate Phase I/II Clinical Trial of Belinostat (PXD101) Combination Therapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia
2. Abbott and AstraZeneca Announce Selection of Next-Generation Fenofibrate ABT-335 and CRESTOR(R) Fixed-Dose Combination
3. Study Shows Combination Therapy Incorporating AVODART(R) and Tamsulosin Provides Continuous Symptom Improvement Over 2 Years
4. Xeloda XeNA Study Analyses of Xeloda, Docetaxel and Herceptin Combination Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer Featured at Major New Breast Cancer Symposium
5. Xeloda(R) XeNA Study Analyses of Xeloda, Docetaxel and Herceptin Combination Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer Featured at Major New Breast Cancer Symposium
6. Vion Pharmaceuticals Announces Initiation of a Phase I/II Trial of Cloretazine(R) (VNP40101M) in Combination with Temodar(R) in Adult Brain Tumors
7. New Phase 3 Study in Treatment-Naive Adults with HIV Evaluates Efficacy and Safety of Once-Daily PREZISTA(TM)/ritonavir vs. KALETRA(R) as Part of HIV Combination Therapy
8. New Data Show Ceftobiprole as Effective as Combination Therapy in Treating Patients With Complicated Skin Infections, Including MRSA
9. European Unions CHMP Issues Positive Opinion on PEGINTRON(TM) Combination Therapy for Retreating Hepatitis C Patients Who Failed Previous Therapy
10. Pharmasset Commences Dosing in 28-Day Combination Study of R7128 with Pegasys(R) plus Copegus(R) for Hepatitis C
11. New Data Show Ceftobiprole as Effective as Combination Therapy in Treating Patients with Diabetic Foot Infections
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... QUEBEC CITY , Dec. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... key US patents for improving the accuracy, reproducibility ... CD images in long and small bone orthopaedic ... proprietary approach to creating personalized orthopaedic restorations based ... create personalized orthopaedic restorations, the company harnesses the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  A new study by a pair of Geisinger ... therapy to treat chronic pain is not only ineffective, ... consequences, including death. Palliative care physicians ... , M.D., authored the study which provides a review ... study was published in the December 2016 edition of ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Information products and services provider Elsevier has launched ... world,s largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, providing the ... 5,000 publishers. The new set of metrics will improve decisions on ... adjust a journal,s editorial strategy. ... , CiteScore metrics comprise ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... The West Virginia ... 1, 2017. The name change aligns the entire company with its existing ... care quality. , “We are very proud of the achievements associated with the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After enjoying record-breaking attendance at ... for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, March 2-3, 2017, at ... the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using Research to Accelerate the ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... “Natural Language Processing–Enabled and Conventional Data Capture Methods for Input to Electronic Health ... . , Results of the comparative usability study demonstrate that a dictation-based method ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Mirixa Corporation , a ... other pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has announced the promotions of Karen Litsinger to ... president of sales. , Litsinger joined Mirixa in 2008 after serving as ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... ... With the increasing demand for dental implants, the National Association of Dental ... dentists and patients about the safety issues related to dental restorations. According to the ... is projected to reach $6.4 billion in 2018 with more than 30 million Americans ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):