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New Analysis Assesses Impact of Common Genetic Variation on Benefit of Antiplatelet Therapy
Date:3/15/2010

PARSIPPANY, N.J. and INDIANAPOLIS, March 15 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- A new analysis of the TRITON-TIMI 38 study evaluated response rates in patients with a common genetic variant in the ABCB1 gene. Patients enrolled in the TRITON-TIMI 38 study were treated with dual antiplatelet therapy with either Plavix® (clopidogrel) plus aspirin or Effient® (prasugrel) plus aspirin and managed with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event. The results of this retrospective genetic sub-study were presented today at the American College of Cardiology annual meeting.

The ABCB1 gene contains the genetic code for a protein (P-glycoprotein) that plays an important role in how the body absorbs many medications, including antiplatelet drugs. Genetic variants in ABCB1 may reduce response to antiplatelet therapy.

In this sub-study, the TRITON-TIMI 38 investigators analyzed clinical outcomes among 2,943 patients tested for the "C3435T" variant in the ABCB1 gene. More than one out of four (27 percent) patients in the analysis were found to have two C3435T variants in their chromosomes.(1) Clopidogrel-treated patients who had two C3435T variants (n=414) had a 66 percent increased risk of experiencing the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death, heart attack or stroke compared to clopidogrel-treated patients without the variant (12.9 percent vs. 8.2 percent, HR=1.66; p=0.033). The overall A
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SOURCE Eli Lilly and Company
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