Navigation Links
Molecular Science Could Further Improve Leukemia Survival, Say St. Jude Researchers
Date:3/20/2008

Understanding success in treating pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia combined with molecular science could help clinicians treat adolescents and adults with the disease

MEMPHIS, Tenn., March 20 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The dramatic increase that has occurred in the cure rate for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) will be difficult to replicate in older patients without considerable additional research, according to an article by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital authors that appears in the March 22 issue of "The Lancet."

In order to raise the survival rate of adolescents and adults with ALL, researchers will need a more thorough understanding of the biology of this form of leukemia, including the role that genes play in therapies, according to Ching-Hon Pui, M.D., St. Jude Department of Oncology chair. Currently, adolescents treated for ALL do not fare as well as children; and among adults with ALL, only 30 to 40 percent are cured.

Cure rates for children with ALL -- defined as 10 years of cancer-free survival -- were about 4 percent when St. Jude opened its doors in 1962; but by the end of that decade researchers showed for the first time that treatments using a combination of existing cancer drugs significantly improved ALL survival. Subsequent research at St. Jude contributed in large part to the current high cure rate achieved in children with ALL over the past four decades

Today, pediatric ALL patients at St. Jude have a cure rate approaching 90 percent, Pui said. "We already have 94 percent surviving at 5 years."

In "The Lancet" article, Pui and his colleagues noted that researchers are investigating two areas of molecular science that hold promise for improving the survival and quality of life of ALL patients, including adolescents and adults.

One is gene-expression profiling, which measures the amount of messenger RNA made by different genes in different cell types; and the other is pharmacogenetics. RNA is the decoded form of genes and is a signal that those genes have been active. Pharmacogenetics is the study of how genes influence a person's responses to drugs.

Some ALL specialists envision a time when oncologists use leukemic cell genetics and host pharmacogenetics to match specific treatments to individual patients.

"We need to know the leukemic cell genetics that affect drug sensitivity or resistance and what role pharmacogenetics plays in treatment to improve efficacy and decrease toxicity," Pui said. "That way, we don't over treat low-risk patients or under treat high-risk patients."

Other authors of this paper include Les Robison (St. Jude) and A. Thomas Look (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston).

This work was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health and ALSAC.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital is internationally recognized for its pioneering work in finding cures and saving children with cancer and other catastrophic diseases. Founded by late entertainer Danny Thomas and based in Memphis, Tenn., St. Jude freely shares its discoveries with scientific and medical communities around the world. No family ever pays for treatments not covered by insurance, and families without insurance are never asked to pay. St. Jude is financially supported by ALSAC, its fundraising organization. For more information, please visit http://www.stjude.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Oncology Drug Development Update - Molecular Profiling Redefines the Nature of Malignancy and Increases the Adoption of Targeted Therapeutics
2. QIAGEN and Center for Molecular Medicine Create Research Collaboration for Molecular Diagnostic Markers for Breast Cancer, Other Womens Health Issues
3. Molecular Therapy Succeeds in Preventing Craniofacial Birth Defect in Mice
4. Molecular Biometrics Hires Denny Sakkas, PhD Renowned Yale Embryologist and International Thought-Leader, as Chief Scientific Officer; Opening U.S. Research Facility
5. Beckman Coulter Announces Licensing Agreements for Molecular Tests with National University of Ireland, Galway
6. Study of Pathwork Diagnostics Tissue of Origin Test Published in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: Investigates Test Reproducibility in Multiple Labs to Determine Primary Tumor in Cancer Cases
7. Study Shows That Low-Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) was Associated with Reduced Hospital Costs of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Treatment Compared with Unfractionated Heparin (UFH)
8. Access Pharmaceuticals Announces Two Poster Presentations Reporting Significant Preclinical Data on ProLindac(TM) at the AACR-NCI-EORTC Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics Conference
9. Tapestry Pharmaceuticals Presents Data on TPI 287 at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
10. Abbotts m2000(TM) Molecular Diagnostic Instrument and RealTime HIV-1 Test Win Chicago Innovation Award
11. Access Pharmaceuticals to Present Data on ProLindac(TM) at the AACR-NCI-EORTC Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics Conference
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/27/2017)... -- Commended for their devotion to personalized service, SMP Pharmacy Solutions ... in the South Florida Business Journal,s 50 Fastest-Growing Companies, and ... the national specialty pharmacy has found its niche.  To that ... be honored by SFBJ as the 2017 Power Leader in ... receive his award in October, Bardisa said of the three ...
(Date:9/23/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017 Janssen Biotech, ... complete response letter from the U.S. Food and Drug ... approval of sirukumab for the treatment of moderately to ... indicates additional clinical data are needed to further evaluate ... to severely active RA. ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... , Sept. 19, 2017   ZirMed Inc ., a ... today announced that it has been ranked #1 by its ... Book™ Rankings 2017 User Survey. ZirMed was recognized as ... large hospitals and medical centers over 200 beds and holds ... healthcare technology user survey history. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in agile coaching ... contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The Enterprise Agile ... of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across CMS programs. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Cheng, are now treating sleep apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. ... a serious sleep disorder characterized by frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) ... FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s Annual Symposium in Washington, D.C. AMIA’s ... Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the field of medical informatics, this prestigious award ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... HMP , a leader in ... 2017 Folio Magazine Eddie Digital Award for ‘Best B-to-B Healthcare Website.’ Winners were announced ... 2017. , The annual award competition recognizes editorial and design excellence across a range ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Health Literacy ... health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent ... today announce a new strategic alliance. , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):