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Light Sciences Oncology Completes Patient Enrollment in Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Litx as a Treatment for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Date:11/25/2008

R) (talaporfin sodium), a light-activated, water-soluble drug. An LS11 molecule activated by the Litx system results in the production of singlet oxygen, which can kill target tissues with minimal side effects. Litx uses low-intensity light that causes vascular closure and apoptosis, or "programmed cell death." Illumination with low-intensity light can activate each molecule of LS11 many times, resulting in a continuous supply of singlet oxygen molecules.

The Litx device contains a tiny array of LEDs at the end of a very narrow (only 1.2 mm wide) flexible coated micro-wire. Administering physicians insert the LED array into a tumor using a biopsy-like procedure, requiring only a mild anesthetic, followed by intravenous injection of LS11. The device emits red light at a discrete frequency and intensity, for a fixed time period, to activate LS11 and create a 2 cm by 4 cm "kill zone" around the LED array.

Litx attacks tumors from the inside-out, rather than outside-in, the method used in many standard treatments. It kills all tumor cells in the kill zone, rather than only the minority of cells undergoing rapid division. The Litx treatment closes tumor blood supply vessels, starving remaining cancer cells of oxygen and nutrients. The use of multiple light sources and multiple treatments is feasible and can be tailored based on the number, size, shape and location of the target tumors.

Additionally, Litx may stimulate a patient's immune system to attack untreated tumors. Since 2007, data from a number of published animal and human studies has demonstrated that the production of large apoptotic masses in tumors with light-activated drug therapies, including Litx, yields tumor-specific clones of CD8+ T-cells that infiltrate distant, untreated tumors and destroys them. Human trials of Litx have produced images that demonstrate destruction of large tumors not directly treated with Litx.

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SOURCE Light Sciences Oncology, Inc.
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