Navigation Links
In Pre-Clinical Studies Ibrutinib Enhances Anti-tumor Activity When Combined With An Anti-PD-L1 Antibody
Date:2/27/2015

SUNNYVALE, Calif., Feb. 27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Pharmacyclics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PCYC) today highlighted findings from a pre-clinical study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1500712112) that showed when ibrutinib (IMBRUVICA®) was combined with an anti-PD-L1 antibody (a checkpoint inhibitor), suppression of tumor growth was enhanced suggesting a greater response might be achieved when treating certain hematologic cancers and solid tumors with the combination. IMBRUVICA is jointly developed and commercialized by Pharmacyclics and Janssen Biotech, Inc.

The paper's senior author, Ronald Levy, M.D., a professor of medicine and director of the lymphoma program at the Stanford University School of Medicine, and colleagues found the combination of an anti-PD-L1 antibody and ibrutinib resulted in suppression of tumor growth and extension of survival in a mouse model of lymphoma. The study found while some of the mice responded to anti-PD-L1 treatment alone, the response eventually diminished over time. When ibrutinib was added to anti-PD-L1 treatment, half of the mice were cured and the other half experienced delays of tumor growth and prolonged survival.

The researchers also chose two solid tumor models to investigate the novel combination – triple negative breast cancer and colon cancer, which do not express BTK (Bruton's tyrosine kinase) and have low levels of the PD-L1 protein. When ibrutinib and the PD-L1 antibody were given as single agents neither had any effect on tumor growth. However, the combination reduced the size of the primary tumors, improved survival and resulted in fewer metastases in both breast and colon cancer. Specifically, in the case of the colon cancer tumor model, approximately 30% of the mice were cured.

Most importantly, the researchers tested whether the mice cured from colon cancer had developed long-term immune memory, specific memory T cells, from the novel combination. These mice were re-exposed to colon cancer cells 90 days post cure and after seven days of tumor growth, all the mice cleared the tumor by day 17 without any additional dosing of the ibrutinib and PD-L1 combination.

Programmed death-ligand (PD-L1) is a protein that may suppress the ability of the immune system to fight diseases. In certain cancers, PD-L1 may play a role in inhibiting the ability of T cells (necessary to help the body fight disease) to function properly, which results in the proliferation of tumors in the human body. Anti-PD-L1 antibody therapies have been shown to block the negative effect that PD-L1 can have on T cells, allowing certain cancers to be successfully treated. Recent pre-clinical studies have also demonstrated that ibrutinib, which has been shown to be effective in treating B-cell mediated cancers, can also inhibit interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase (ITK), an enzyme important in regulating T-cell effector function. This activity may be relevant to the mechanism by which ibrutinib enhances the efficacy of check point inhibitors. 

"These findings are very encouraging and support our pursuit of a clinical development strategy that combines ibrutinib with anti-PD-L1 antibodies or other checkpoint inhibitors to maximize the effect that both drugs could have in treating cancer," said Darrin Beaupre, M.D., Ph.D., Head of Early Development and Immunotherapy at Pharmacyclics. "Based on what we've seen pre-clinically, we are optimistic that combinations such as these may help to produce new treatment paradigms for patients with cancer."

While no conclusions about the safety of this combination were drawn, the authors noted while ibrutinib and anti-PD-L1 antibodies have each been well tolerated as single agents, additional study of the combination of these two agents is necessary to fully understand the appropriate dosing, timing and sequencing of combination treatment.

IMBRUVICA will be evaluated with AstraZeneca's investigational anti-PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor, MEDI4736 in patients with several hematologic and solid tumor cancers, all of which are investigational uses for both compounds. IMBRUVICA also will be studied with Bristol-Myers Squibb's human programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) blocking antibody OPDIVO® (nivolumab) in several hematologic cancers. These clinical studies are expected to begin enrollment in the coming months.

About IMBRUVICA
IMBRUVICA (ibrutinib) is a first-in-class, oral, once-daily therapy that inhibits a protein called Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK).1 BTK is a key signaling molecule in the B-cell receptor signaling complex that plays an important role in the survival and spread of malignant B cells.1,2 IMBRUVICA blocks signals that tell malignant B cells to multiply and spread uncontrollably.1

IMBRUVICA is approved for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who have received at least one prior therapy, CLL patients with del 17p, a genetic mutation that occurs when part of chromosome 17 has been lost, and patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia.1

IMBRUVICA is also approved for the treatment of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior therapy. Accelerated approval was granted for the MCL indication based on overall response rate (ORR). Continued approval for the MCL indication may be contingent upon verification of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.1

IMBRUVICA is being studied alone and in combination with other treatments in several blood cancers. Over 5,100 patients have been treated in clinical trials of IMBRUVICA conducted in 35 countries by more than 800 investigators. Currently, 13 Phase III trials have been initiated with IMBRUVICA and 58 trials are registered on www.clinicaltrials.gov.

IMBRUVICA was one the first medicines to receive U.S. FDA approval via the new Breakthrough Therapy Designation pathway, and is the only product to have received three Breakthrough Therapy Designations.

To learn more about the medical terminology used in this news release, please visit http://stedmansonline.com/.

INDICATIONS
IMBRUVICA is indicated to treat people with:

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who have received at least one prior therapy
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion
  • Waldenström's macroglobulinemia
  • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior therapy – accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Patients taking IMBRUVICA for CLL or WM should take 420 mg taken orally once daily (or three 140 mg capsules once daily).

Patients taking IMBRUVICA for MCL should take 560 mg taken orally once daily (or four 140 mg capsules once daily).

Capsules should be taken orally with a glass of water. Capsules should be taken whole. Do not open, break, split or chew the capsules.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Hemorrhage - Fatal bleeding events have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. Grade 3 or higher bleeding events (subdural hematoma, gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria, and post-procedural hemorrhage) have occurred in up to 6% of patients. Bleeding events of any grade, including bruising and petechiae, occurred in approximately half of patients treated with IMBRUVICA®.

The mechanism for the bleeding events is not well understood. IMBRUVICA® may increase the risk of hemorrhage in patients receiving antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapies. Consider the benefit-risk of withholding IMBRUVICA® for at least 3 to 7 days pre and post-surgery depending upon the type of surgery and the risk of bleeding.

Infections - Fatal and non-fatal infections have occurred with IMBRUVICA® therapy. Grade 3 or greater infections occurred in 14% to 26% of patients. Cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. Monitor patients for fever and infections and evaluate promptly.

Cytopenias - Treatment-emergent Grade 3 or 4 cytopenias including neutropenia (range, 19 to 29%), thrombocytopenia (range, 5 to 17%), and anemia (range, 0 to 9%) occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. Monitor complete blood counts monthly.

Atrial Fibrillation - Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter (range, 6 to 9%) have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®, particularly in patients with cardiac risk factors, acute infections, and a previous history of atrial fibrillation. Periodically monitor patients clinically for atrial fibrillation. Patients who develop arrhythmic symptoms (eg, palpitations, lightheadedness) or new-onset dyspnea should have an ECG performed. If atrial fibrillation persists, consider the risks and benefits of IMBRUVICA® treatment and dose modification.

Second Primary Malignancies - Other malignancies (range, 5 to 14%) including non-skin carcinomas (range, 1 to 3%) have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. The most frequent second primary malignancy was non-melanoma skin cancer (range, 4 to 11%).

Tumor Lysis Syndrome - Tumor lysis syndrome has been reported with IMBRUVICA® therapy. Monitor patients closely and take appropriate precautions in patients at risk for tumor lysis syndrome (e.g. high tumor burden).

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity - Based on findings in animals, IMBRUVICA® can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women to avoid becoming pregnant while taking IMBRUVICA®. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common adverse reactions (>25%) in patients with B-cell malignancies (MCL, CLL, WM) were thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, diarrhea, anemia, fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, bruising, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, and rash. Seven percent of patients receiving IMBRUVICA® discontinued treatment due to adverse events.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

CYP3A Inhibitors - Avoid co-administration with strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors. If a moderate CYP3A inhibitor must be used, reduce the IMBRUVICA® dose.

CYP3A Inducers - Avoid co-administration with strong CYP3A inducers.

SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Hepatic Impairment - Avoid use in patients with moderate or severe baseline hepatic impairment. In patients with mild impairment, reduce IMBRUVICA® dose.

For additional important safety information, please see Full Prescribing Information at http://www.imbruvica.com/downloads/Prescribing_Information.pdf.

About Pharmacyclics

Pharmacyclics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PCYC) is a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative small-molecule drugs for the treatment of cancer and immune mediated diseases. The company's mission is to build a viable biopharmaceutical company that designs, develops and commercializes novel therapies intended to improve quality of life, increase duration of life and resolve serious unmet medical needs. It will do so by identifying and controlling promising product candidates based on scientific development and administrative expertise, developing its products in a rapid, cost-efficient manner and, pursuing commercialization and/or development partners when and where appropriate.

Pharmacyclics markets IMBRUVICA and has three product candidates in clinical development and several preclinical molecules in lead optimization. The company is committed to high standards of ethics, scientific rigor and operational efficiency as it moves each of these programs to commercialization. Pharmacyclics is headquartered in Sunnyvale, CA. To learn more, please visit www.pharmacyclics.com.

NOTE: This announcement may contain forward-looking statements made in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements, among others, relating to our future capital requirements, including our expected liquidity position and timing of the receipt of certain milestone payments, and the sufficiency of our current assets to meet these requirements, our future results of operations, our expectations for and timing of ongoing or future clinical trials and regulatory approvals for any of our product candidates, and our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. Because these statements apply to future events, they are subject to risks and uncertainties. When used in this announcement, the words "anticipate", "believe", "estimate", "expect", "expectation", "goal", "should", "would", "project", "plan", "predict", "intend", "target" and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to us and are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results, performance, expected liquidity or achievements to differ materially from those projected in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause such a difference include, without limitation, our need for substantial additional financing and the availability and terms of any such financing, the safety and/or efficacy results of clinical trials of our product candidates, our failure to obtain regulatory approvals or comply with ongoing governmental regulation, our ability to commercialize, manufacture and achieve market acceptance of any of our product candidates, for which we rely heavily on collaboration with third parties, and our ability to protect and enforce our intellectual property rights and to operate without infringing upon the proprietary rights of third parties. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, performance or achievements and no assurance can be given that the actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. For more information about the risks and uncertainties that may affect our results, please see the Risk Factors section of our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. We do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this announcement to conform these statements to actual results, to changes in management's expectations or otherwise, except as may be required by law.

*Disclaimer: Dr. Levy served as an investigator for this pre-clinical research study, which was sponsored in part by Pharmacyclics. Dr. Levy does not have a financial interest in the company.

IMBRUVICA is a registered trademark of Pharmacyclics, Inc.

1 IMBRUVICA Prescribing Information, January 2015

2 Genetics Home Reference. Isolated growth hormone deficiency. Available at: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency. Accessed February 2015.


'/>"/>
SOURCE Pharmacyclics, Inc.
Copyright©2015 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Bayer HealthCare and Aronora Establish Partnership for the Pre-Clinical Manufacturing of AB-022
2. World Pre-Clinical Imaging Market Growing at 15% CAGR to 2019
3. Novel Siderophore Cephalosporin S-649266 Pre-Clinical Results Suggest Potent Activity Against Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Pathogens
4. Shionogi Presents Pre-Clinical and Phase I Results For S-649266, A Novel Siderophore Cephalosporine Antibiotic With Potential To Treat Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Pathogens
5. Pharmacovigilance Market [Clinical Trial Phases (Pre-Clinical Studies, Phase I, Phase II, Phase III, Phase IV or Post-Marketing Surveillance) and Service Providers (In-House and Contract Outsourcing] - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth,
6. Epizyme, Inc. to Present Pre-Clinical Data on DOT1L and EZH2 Inhibitor Programs at the 55th ASH Annual Meeting
7. Regulus Announces Significant Progress in Strategic Alliance with AstraZeneca and Selection of a New Pre-Clinically Validated microRNA Oncology Target
8. BioLineRx Announces Publication of Positive Pre-Clinical Results for BL-8040 in Treatment of Thrombocytopenia
9. ImmunGene and Collaborators Report Positive Results in Pre-clinical Studies of Novel Anti-CD20 Antibody-Interferon Alpha Fusion Protein
10. Elusys Reports Efficacy of Its Anthrax Anti-Toxin in Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Animal Studies
11. Luoxis Announces Presentation of Multiple Studies Validating RedoxSYS as a Rapid and Non-invasive Means of Assessing Oxidative Stress
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/15/2019)... , ... October 14, 2019 ... ... LP2 linearity and calibration verification kit, for Roche cobas® analyzers, Order No. ... Apolipoprotein B (Apo-B). Each VALIDATE® LP2 kit, liquid, ready-to-use, and prepared ...
(Date:10/15/2019)... ... October 14, 2019 , ... An October 4 article on ... correlation between tooth loss and heart disease. The researchers found that individuals between 40 ... of also having heart-related problems, compared to just seven percent for those who never ...
(Date:10/11/2019)... ... October 11, 2019 , ... ... 13, 2019, to recognize the dedication, compassion and quality patient outcomes achieved by ... providing a unique and vital link between patients, providers and payers to improve ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:10/10/2019)... ... , ... AltMed Florida , one of the fastest growing Medical Marijuana ... opening of its second MÜV™ Medical Cannabis Dispensary on the First Coast – scheduled ... Beach. , Located at Beach Plaza Shopping Center at the corner of Beach Boulevard ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... 2019 , ... Safe Harvest soups in glass jars launch ... Roundy’s, Smiths and Dillons. , Safe Harvest reinvented classic soup recipes to make ... fresh taste is paramount for us,” says Bryan Boches, co-founder of Safe Catch. ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... , ... October 08, 2019 , ... Dr. Amir HagShenas ... in San Jose, CA experience relief from this common and treatable condition. Dr. HagShenas’ ... to save adults from living with uncomfortable symptoms, including tender and bleeding gums, and ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... October 08, 2019 , ... PotentiaMetrics, an Austin, TX based ... Chief Medical Officer. Dr. Henderson will be responsible for the development and management ... served as Chair of both the Informatics Governance and the Inpatient Clinical Informatics ...
(Date:10/8/2019)... ... ... Smile Brands Inc. has been named one of the happiest companies in the ... support organization with nearly 440 affiliated practices across 18 states, has a deeply rooted ... is the latest in a series of accolades the company has received ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):