Navigation Links
Heaviest Smokers Face Greatest Risk of Death After Lung Cancer Diagnosis
Date:6/5/2009

MORGANTOWN, W.Va., June 5 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- It's common knowledge that smoking raises risks of lung cancer. And yet researchers haven't known whether continued smoking by lung cancer patients would increase the risk of the cancer's spread.

Researchers at West Virginia University - studying the relationship between death rates from lung cancer and how much a person smoked - have found that smoking intensity in fact predicts how the disease will progress.

Patients who smoked two packs a day had a 58 percent higher risk of their lung cancers returning or spreading compared with nonsmoking patients.

Smoking intensity is one of only two factors found to predict lung-cancer mortality, according to the study published in the May issue of the journal Lung Cancer. The other factor is the stage of the cancer when diagnosed. Almost 350 patients with non-small cell lung cancer were studied.

Males older than age 60 were found to be the heaviest smokers at the time of diagnosis. Patients who smoked more than 61 packs a year had the greatest risk of their cancers recurring, and their survival times were shortest. They were 41 percent more likely to die from lung cancer than patients who smoked less.

"This study is important because lung cancer causes more deaths than any other type of cancer," said lead investigator Nancy L. Guo, Ph.D., a researcher with the Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center.

"Because five-year survival rates of patients with non-small cell lung cancer are only about 15 percent, it's useful to know which patients are most likely to have their tumors come back," she said. "Our study showed that those who smoked more than 61 packs a year are more likely to develop tumor recurrence and should be considered for more aggressive therapy."

Chemotherapy drugs could be offered to prevent recurrence and spread of tumors, the authors said. And the heaviest smokers might also be targeted for measures to help them quit smoking.

Patients older than age 60 smoked, on average, 164 packs a year. Males smoked 189 packs a year compared with females' average of 112.

Patients with stage 3 tumors smoked an average of 198 packs a year.

The study is titled "Impact and interactions between smoking and traditional prognostic factors in lung cancer progression."

In addition to the Mary Babb Randolph Cancer Center, the study also involved researchers from the WVU Department of Community Medicine.

Provided by Newswise, online resource for knowledge-based news at www.newswise.com


'/>"/>
SOURCE West Virginia University Health Sciences Center
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Young Smokers Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
2. Smokefree Workplace Law Reduces Heart Attacks 59% Among Nonsmokers, New Research Shows
3. China Sky One Medical, Inc. Achieves Significant Breakthrough in Research for Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) Early Examination Kit
4. Landmark Study in The New England Journal of Medicine Shows HPV Testing Significantly Reduces Deaths from Cervical Cancer, Compared to other Methods Including Pap
5. AHRQ-Funded Study Finds Lower Risk of Death and Heart Attack in Patients With Drug-Coated Stent Implants Compared to Those With Bare Metal Stents
6. PSA Screening Cuts Deaths by 20%, Says Worlds Largest Prostate Cancer Study
7. Evidence Lacking in Multivitamin Study of Womens Risk of Cancer, Heart Disease or Death, Says Natural Products Association
8. Implantable Defibrillators Lower Risk of Death in Older Heart Patients
9. Study Showed Prevention of Heart Attacks Within Three Months After Hospitalization Significantly Averted Future Heart Attacks and Death
10. Atrial Fibrillation Found to be Common in Patients With Atherothrombosis, Increases Risk of Cardiovascular Death, Heart Attack and Stroke
11. New Data Shows Prescription Omega-3 Acid Ethyl Esters Reduced the Incidence of Death in Heart Failure Patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/5/2017)... Ill. , Oct. 5, 2017  In ... Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS) released ... opioids – to be used as a first-line ... pain. Recognizing ... the AAOMS White Paper "Opioid Prescribing: Acute and ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... LAWRENCE, Mass. , Oct. 4, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... developer of single-use, self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today ... National Health Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional ... ®. The first single-use, cordless surgical retractor with ... ONETRAC provides optimal access, illumination and exposure of ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, the combined ... Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager Prime Therapeutics LLC (Prime), ... which included the unveiling of new signage at its ... well as at a few other company-owned facilities across ... to patients, some of whom will begin to see ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) Board of ... Executive Officer, succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton will serve ... Puffer’s retirement at the end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of President and ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office of Somekh ... law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office remain up ... network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel was ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network ... advocate for action towards gender equality at their inaugural Summit in New York City ... and reached a social audience of over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, ... Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid ... to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent ... sleep apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million ... by frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):