Navigation Links
February 2009 Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource Highlights Diabetes and Heart Disease, Going Vegetarian and Tinnitus

Diabetes and Heart Disease: Risk Intertwined

ROCHESTER, Minn., Feb. 4 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Here are highlights from the February issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource. You may cite this publication as often as you wish. Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource attribution is required. Reprinting is allowed for a fee. Include the following subscription information as your editorial policies permit: Visit or call toll-free for subscription information, 800-876-8633, extension 9751.

What's the most common long-term complication of diabetes? Problems with the heart and blood vessels, according to the February issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource.

Cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke, account for 65 percent of all diabetes-related deaths. People with diabetes are two to four times more likely to have a heart attack than someone without the disease. For a middle-aged person with type 2 diabetes, the risk of a future heart attack is the same as that of someone who's already had a heart attack. Also attention getting: when people with diabetes have heart attacks, they are more serious and more likely to result in death than in adults without diabetes.

People with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease because too much blood sugar (glucose) can lead to damage inside blood vessel walls. This damage makes it easier for fatty deposits (plaques) to form in arteries and cause narrowing or blockages that can lead to heart attacks or strokes.

Having diabetes doesn't mean heart disease is inevitable. Optimal control over the ABCs of diabetes, as suggested by the American Diabetes Association, can reduce heart disease risk. The ABCs are:

A1C: The best way to measure blood glucose levels over time is the glycoslyated hemoglobin A1C test. This blood test, given by a physician, reflects average blood sugar control over three months. The ADA recommends maintaining the A1C level at less than 7 percent. New research has indicated that intensive measures required to get below 7 percent might not offer cardiovascular benefits. A physician can determine the best goal for the A1C level. The test is recommended at least twice a year.

Blood pressure: High blood pressure is a common partner to diabetes. For people with diabetes, an ideal reading is below 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).

Cholesterol levels: The optimal target is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. For high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the recommended level is more than 50 mg/dL for women and more than 40 mg/dL for men.

A physician can help with a treatment plan to meet these guidelines. A healthy diet, regular physical activity, weight loss, smoking cessation and limited alcohol consumption all are beneficial. Medications also may be needed. For example, research has shown that most adults with high blood pressure and diabetes require multiple drug therapies to reach blood pressure goals.

The bottom line: Risks and complications from diabetes and heart disease are intertwined. People with diabetes who manage heart disease risks can help avoid life-threatening complications.

Going Vegetarian? With A Little Planning, It's Easier than Ever

ROCHESTER, Minn. --- There's more to being a vegetarian than cutting meat from the menu. The February issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource offers suggestions for a well-balanced vegetarian diet --- and some reasons why it's worth considering.

The vegetarian menu emphasizes the food that U.S. dietary guidelines say all Americans should eat regularly --- fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans and other legumes. Vegetarian diets often are lower in calories than the typical American diet. So it's no surprise that on average, vegetarians are thinner than their nonvegetarian peers. And eating a mainly plant-based diet can reduce the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer.

The increasing variety of meat-free options makes the transition to vegetarian easier than ever before. With a little planning, a vegetarian diet can meet all nutritional needs. Important nutrients to include are:

Protein: Eggs, dairy products, soy products, legumes, lentils, nuts, seeds and whole grains fill this important role. Meatless products such as tofu dogs, soy burgers and texturized vegetable protein can be excellent sources of protein. Many meat substitutes, such as tofu and tempeh, are made from soybeans. Soy offers a balance of all essential amino acids, just as meat does. These meat substitutes often are lower in calories and saturated fat than meat.

Calcium: Low-fat dairy and dark green vegetables such as collard greens, kale and broccoli are good sources of calcium. Tofu enriched with calcium and fortified yogurt and juices also are options.

Vitamin B-12: This is found almost exclusively in animal products including milk, eggs and cheese. Vegans --- those who eat only plant-based foods --- can get B-12 from enriched cereals, fortified soy products or by taking a supplement.

Iron: Dried beans and peas, lentils, enriched cereals, whole-grain products, baked potatoes with skin, dark leafy vegetables and dried fruit are good sources of iron. Eating foods high in vitamin C (strawberries, citrus fruits) along with iron-rich foods can help increase iron absorption.

Zinc: Zinc is found in whole grains, soy products, legumes, nuts, wheat germ, mushrooms and peas. It's also found in dairy foods and eggs.

Ways to Minimize Tinnitus -- Troublesome Noises in the Ears

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Ringing, whining, whistling, hissing or whooshing. Any of those sounds in one or both ears when there is no external noise present could be a sign of tinnitus.

The February issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource provides an overview of this common condition. It's estimated that 10 percent to 15 percent of adults have prolonged tinnitus that often requires medical evaluation. This form of the problem can interfere with sleep, concentration and daily activities.

Tinnitus --- pronounced as either TIN-i-tus or ti-NIGHT-us, often is caused by age-related hearing loss. Exposure to loud noises also can damage hearing and lead to tinnitus. Tinnitus can be caused by something as simple as a buildup of wax blocking the ear canal. Some medications, certain antibiotics and cancer drugs can cause or worsen tinnitus. Aspirin --- taken in excessive amounts --- can cause temporary ringing in the ears, too.

The treatment depends on the root cause. But so far, there is no cure. A medication change or removal of earwax may diminish symptoms for some people.

"One of the frustrating things about tinnitus is that there aren't any universal successful treatments," says Charles Beatty, M.D., a Mayo Clinic specialist in head and neck disorders. "The good news is that the problem usually isn't associated with a serious medical condition, and there are ways we can try to make the tinnitus less annoying and disruptive."

Treatment strategies that may be beneficial include:

  • Amplifying hearing with a hearing aid. This may help because the brain would rather process external sounds than be distracted by an internal noise.
  • Avoiding excessive noise. Ear plugs can be helpful when operating noisy machines.
  • Avoiding stimulants. Caffeine, nicotine and decongestants can aggravate tinnitus.
  • Adding background noise. Turning on quiet music, a fan or other background noises can distract the brain from the internal noise.
  • Using behavioral therapy. Relaxation techniques can help people cope with tinnitus or keep it controlled.
  • Using medications. Sedatives or antidepressants can help when the condition interferes with sleep or causes a high level of anxiety or stress.

Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource is published monthly to help women enjoy healthier, more productive lives. Revenue from subscriptions is used to support medical research at Mayo Clinic. To subscribe, please call 800-876-8633, extension 9751, or visit

SOURCE Mayo Clinic
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Cequent to Present First Proof of Activity of an Oral RNAi Drug in Non-Human Primates at February Keystone Conference
2. InterMune to Announce Results of Phase 3 CAPACITY Program of Pirfenidone in IPF Tomorrow, February 3
3. Dendreon Announces Publication of Phase 1 Study Highlighting Immunologic and Clinical Activity of Lapuleucel-T (Neuvenge(R)) in Advanced Breast Cancer Patients
4. EDAP Announces Launch of Clinical Study Combining HIFU and Chemotherapy for Localized Aggressive High Risk Prostate Cancer
5. EpiCept Reports Expansion of Clinical Development For Licensed Cancer Compound
6. Auxilium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Receives Clearance to Resume Clinical Trials for XIAFLEX(TM)
7. Romark Initiates Clinical Trial of Alinia(R) for Chronic Hepatitis C in the United States
8. The Multiple Myeloma Research Consortium (MMRC) and Proteolix Initiate Phase 2 Clinical Trial Investigating Carfilzomib for the Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
9. Millennium Initiates Clinical Trial to EVOLVE the Treatment of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma
10. Potential Safety Issue Identified in Ongoing Phase 2 Clinical Study of HCV-796
11. Clinical Trial Effectiveness: How Pharmas & Biotechs Save Cost with Savvy Investigator Management
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/8/2015)... Oct. 9, 2015 Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: ... immunogenicity clinical trial in Sierra Leone ... Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies. Trial recruitment is underway, and the first ... first study conducted of Janssen,s Ebola prime-boost vaccine regimen in ... Sierra Leone,s Kambia district, where ...
(Date:10/8/2015)...  Ardelyx, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARDX ), a ... diseases, today announced that clinical data for the ... at the 2015 American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) ... sustained response in IBS-C patients enrolled in the ... trial. The meeting will be held in ...
(Date:10/8/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Oct. 8, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... cell-free molecular diagnostics, today announced the presentation of ... use of its Precision Cancer Monitoring SM ... can be critical for physicians to determine appropriate ... chief scientific officer of Trovagene is delivering the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
... February is American Heart Month and a time when ... on their family history of heart disease and recommit ... teaming up with the makers of Bayer® Aspirin and ... to raise $100,000 for the fight against heart disease. ...
... 2012 Auxilium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: AUXL ... the Leerink Swann 2012 Global Healthcare Conference to be ... New York City.  Mr. Adrian Adams, Chief Executive Officer ... the Company and its product pipeline at 10:30 a.m. ...
Cached Medicine Technology:
(Date:10/10/2015)... ... October 10, 2015 , ... Well-known Eastern ... to be recognized by The National Law Journal for inclusion in their second ... firms across the United States who obtained the largest awards for their personal ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... California (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2015 , ... ... Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific Associate Dean for Graduate Medical Education J. Michael ... of the Year Award. Finley was selected for his impact on graduate medical ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ... October 09, 2015 , ... With the FCPX LUT Vibrance pack from ... A LUT is a Lookup Table that contains a mathematical formula for modifying an ... table. This pack comes with 60 vibrant CUBE LUT files. , Inspired ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ... October 09, 2015 , ... Smoke alarms can save lives. In fact, ... risk of dying in reported home fires in half. As part of Fire Prevention ... are property installed and maintained. , Half of home fire deaths result from fires ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ... , ... Head Over Heels Athletic Arts gymnast, Madelyn Williams, will attend the ... in Huntsville, Texas on October 17-21. , "It's very exciting to be invited ... executive director, said. “It's a stepping stone into the U.S. elite system where Maddie ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
... Neuroscientists at MIT,s Picower Institute of Learning and Memory have ... inexplicably linked to long-term memories. The work is slated to ... "Our finding explains, at least partially, why seemingly irrelevant ... person is remembered as vividly as more significant information such ...
... HealthDay Reporter , THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- This winter ... instead is turning out to be a more typical flu season, ... to get a flu shot, advice that seniors in particular should ... their age group the hardest, the experts added. The H1N1 flu ...
... for Injury Biomechanics ( ) has been awarded ... Research and Materiel Command for phase 2 of an ... military personnel. Specifically, blast induced brain trauma will be ... helmet design and body armor and the resulting reductions ...
... Liverpool-led consortium has received $1.5million from the Bill & ... serious disease and epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa. Streptococcus ... in sub-Sahara Africa. The funding will enable scientists ... associated with invasive pneumococcal disease, why it spreads so ...
... HealthDay Reporter , THURSDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay ... by patients and health professionals alike to save money ... and potentially dangerous, a new study suggests. Belgian ... deviated from recommended dosages by 15 percent or more. ...
... HealthDay Reporter , WEDNESDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- ... said Tuesday, breathing on her own and moving both arms ... "She has a 101 percent chance of surviving," Dr. ... told the Associated Press . "She will not die." ...
Cached Medicine News:
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... a national reference laboratory and a worldwide ... ARUP offers an extensive test menu of ... clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by the ... more than half of the nation's university ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
Medicine Products: