Navigation Links
Adult Circumcision Reduces Risk of HIV Transmission Without Reducing Sexual Pleasure
Date:4/27/2009

LINTHICUM, Md., April 27 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) show that adult circumcision reduces the risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the risk of coital injury -- without reducing pleasure or causing sexual dysfunction.

The first study, by researchers in Australia, shows that the inner foreskin has the largest concentration of Langerhans' cells, which are the initial cellular targets in the sexual transmission of HIV. After analyzing biopsy samples from 10 uncircumcised and 10 circumcised men, researchers found that the inner foreskin has a significantly higher density of Langerhans' cells than other areas of the foreskin. By removing the inner foreskin, circumcision removes the skin surface which is most susceptible to HIV infection, reducing not eliminating the risk of contracting HIV. No differences were found in epithelial or keratin thickness between the remnant foreskin, inner foreskin or shaft skin.

The second study, by researchers in Seattle, WA; Chicago, IL; Winnipeg, Canada; Research Triangle, NC; and Kisumu, Kenya, shows that circumcised men had a significantly lower risk for coital injuries (bleeding, scratches, cuts, abrasions or "getting sore") compared to uncircumcised men and that there was no difference in sexual function between circumcised and uncircumcised men. Researchers divided 2,784 patients from Kisumu, Kenya into two groups: a control group and a group to be circumcised within 30 days of randomization. Detailed evaluations were done at one, three, six, 12, 18 and 24 months after circumcision. Results show that there was no difference in sexual function between the two groups and that the circumcised group reported fewer coital injuries.

"These are important reports which support the concepts that circumcision does not interfere with sexual function and that circumcision is an important element of HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa," said Ira D. Sharlip, MD, an AUA spokesman. "At the same time, it should be emphasized that circumcision must be combined with other techniques of HIV prevention, such as safe sex and voluntary testing. It is not sufficient to rely on circumcision alone to prevent HIV transmission."

NOTE TO REPORTERS: Experts are available to discuss this study outside normal briefing times. To arrange an interview with an expert, please contact the AUA Communications Office at the number below or e-mail Lacey Dean at LDean@AUAnet.org.

Hallamore, S; Yow, M; Webb, D; Pask, A; Bolton, D. Remnant foreskin contains fewer Langerhans' cells--implications for human immunodeficiency transmission in circumcised men. J Urol, suppl. 2009: 181, 4, abstract 173.

Krieger, J; Mehta, S; Bailey, R; Agot, K; Ndinya-Achola, J; Parker, C; Moses, S. Adult male circumcision: effects on sexual function and penile coital injuries. J Urol, suppl. 2009: 181, 4, abstract 1041.

About the American Urological Association: Founded in 1902 and headquartered near Baltimore, Maryland, the American Urological Association is the pre-eminent professional organization for urologists, with more than 16,000 members throughout the world. An educational nonprofit organization, the AUA pursues its mission of fostering the highest standards of urologic care by carrying out a wide variety of programs for members and their patients.

    MEDIA CONTACTS: AUA Media Relations (on-site): 312-528-8253
    Wendy Isett (cell): 410-977-4770


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Urological Association
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Emerging Therapies Could Help Ease The Chronic Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis For Adults and Children
2. Heavy Marijuana Use May Damage Developing Brain in Teens, Young Adults
3. Thomson Reuters Study Finds Sharp Increase in Use of Sleep Medications by Young Adults
4. New Analysis Estimates Numbers of Older U.S. Adults Who May Benefit From Statin Therapy
5. FDA Issues a Complete Response Letter for Lillys Olanzapine LAI for Treatment of Schizophrenia in Adults
6. Synvista Therapeutics Announces Published Data Demonstrating Elevation of Carboxymethyl-Lysine (CML) Is Associated with Decline in Renal Function and Arterial Stiffness in Older Adults
7. Long-term Follow Up Interim Data Show Nplate(TM) Increased and Sustained Platelet Counts in Adult Chronic ITP Patients
8. Retigabine Significantly Reduces the Number of Seizures in Adults With Inadequately Controlled Partial-Onset Epilepsy
9. Phase III Trial Results Show Elitek(R) (rasburicase) Significantly Reduced Plasma Uric Acid Levels versus Allopurinol in Adults with Hematologic Cancers at Risk for Tumor Lysis Syndrome
10. Exercise Helps Prevent Age-Related Brain Changes in Older Adults
11. New Evidence That Brain-Plasticity Based Training has Broad Impact: Improved Cognition in Boomers, Improved Motor Control in Older Adults
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... , June 27, 2016  VMS Rehab Systems, ... Board will take whatever measures required to build a ... stock which is currently listed on the OTC Markets-pink ... Company Chairman and CEO, "We are seeing an anomaly ... to understand, not only by the Company, but shareholders ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... N.J. , June 24, 2016  Collagen ... the design, development and manufacturing of collagen and ... regeneration announced today that Bill Messer ... and Marketing to further leverage the growing portfolio ... medical devices. Bill joins the Collagen ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... DUBLIN , June 24, 2016 ... and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... products and provides an updated review, including its applications ... covering the total market, which includes three main industries: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary ... Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its work ... marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... now offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with ... Damon brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for a Fair ... hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same rate as ... the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. , The ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... EB Medicine presented its first-ever “Issue of ... in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor the outstanding work of leading ... and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this award, we recognize the efforts ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 ... ... Las Vegas client, The Grove Investment Group (TGIG), has initiated cultivation and processing ... Grove, in Las Vegas and Pahrump, Nevada. , Puradigm is the manufacturer of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):