BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, May 22 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- On May 21, 2008 at the World Congress of Cardiology (WCC), the press conference entitled, "New Perspectives in Atrial Fibrillation Management" chaired by John Camm, Professor of Clinical Cardiology, St George's University of London, highlighted the importance of the newly announced ATHENA clinical trial results, on the potential management of atrial fibrillation, a common form of cardiac arrhythmia.
"ATHENA is truly a landmark trial, that marks a paradigm change for the management of atrial fibrillation," said Prof Christopher Cannon, a Senior Investigator in the TIMI Study Group at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, who was not involved in the study. "Atrial fibrillation is a very common disease, and our prior treatment options have been focused only on symptom relief and a hope to not do harm, which has been the problem with prior antiarrhythmic drugs. Now, with a highly significant reduction in cardiovascular hospitalization or death, as well as a 45% reduction in arrhythmic death or 30% cardiovascular death, dronedarone may become an appropriate treatment option for atrial fibrillation".
The ATHENA study results were presented by Prof Stefan Hohnloser last week (15th May 08) at the Heart Rhythm Society's 29th Annual Scientific Sessions in San Francisco, USA. The study results show that dronedarone significantly decreased the risk of cardiovascular hospitalizations or death from any cause by 24% (p=0.00000002), meeting the study's primary endpoint. Results of the primary endpoint were consistent across all the pre-specified clinically relevant subgroups.
The most frequently reported adverse events of Multaq(R) vs. placebo in the ATHENA trial were gastro-intestinal effects (26% vs. 22%), skin disorders (10% vs. 8%, mainly rash) and increased blood creatinine (4.7% vs. 1%). The mechanism of blood creatinine increase (inhibition of creatinine secretion at the renal tubular level) was well defined, in a separate study of healthy volunteers. Multaq(R) showed a rate of pro-arrhythmia similar to placebo and no excess of hospitalizations for congestive heart failure. There was a similar rate of study drug discontinuation between the 2 study groups.
ATHENA, was the largest double blind randomized study in patients with atrial fibrillation, and conducted in more than 550 sites in 37 countries and enrolled a total of 4,628 patients. The landmark ATHENA trial is the first morbidity-mortality study as part of the Multaq(R) phase III clinical development program, which also included five other multinational clinical studies: an initial study, ANDROMEDA, conducted in patients with severe congestive heart failure and a recent decompensation, and a total of 4 international studies in atrial fibrillation: EURIDIS/ADONIS, ERATO, and the ongoing DIONYSOS trial.
Atrial fibrillation is a major cause of hospitalization and mortality and affects about 2.5 million people in the United States, as well as 4.5 million people in the European Union and is emerging as a growing public health concern due to an aging population. Patients suffering from atrial fibrillation have twice the risk of death, an increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular complications, including congestive heart failure.
About Atrial Fibrillation / Flutter
Atrial fibrillation is a major cause of hospitalization and mortality and affects about 2.5 million people in the USA and 4.5 million people in the European Union. The Atrial Fibrillation Foundation expects the number of patients with AF to double in the next 20 years. Without appropriate management, atrial fibrillation can lead to serious complications, such as stroke and congestive heart failure.
AF is a condition in which the upper chambers of the heart beat in an uncoordinated and disorganised fashion, resulting in an irregular and fast heart rhythm (i.e. an irregular heartbeat). Atrial flutter is an abnormal fast heart rhythm that occurs in the atria of the heart. This rhythm occurs often in individuals with other heart conditions (e.g. pericarditis, coronary artery disease, and cardiomyopathy). Atrial flutter frequently degenerates to atrial fibrillation. However, it may persist for months to years.
When blood is not completely pumped out of the heart's chambers, it can pool and clot. If a blood clot forms in the atria, it can exit the heart and block an artery in the brain, resulting in a stroke. Consequently, about 15 percent of all strokes result from atrial fibrillation.
The most common symptoms of atrial fibrillation include palpitations (a rapid, irregular, "flopping" movement or pounding sensation in the chest or neck), shortness of breath, dizziness and feeling of heaviness, or constriction in the chest. The disorder may even be more common than diagnosed, as patients may experience atrial fibrillation episodes that either do not cause symptoms or are not documented during their visits to the doctor.
About the ATHENA Study
The landmark ATHENA study is a randomized, placebo controlled, international multi-center study that evaluated for the first time a treatment on top of standard background therapy for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation in reducing morbidity and mortality by preventing cardiovascular hospitalizations or death from any cause. The study included 4,628 patients, which make it the largest ever outcome study of an anti-arrhythmic treatment for atrial fibrillation.
The ATHENA study objectives were to show a potential benefit of Multaq(R) on the primary composite endpoint of all-cause mortality combined with cardiovascular hospitalization as compared to placebo. The pre-specified secondary endpoints were death from any cause, cardiovascular death and hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons. Furthermore from the study secondary endpoints, Multaq(R), showed a significant decrease in the risk of cardiovascular death by 30% (p=0.03) on top of standard therapy, including rate control and antithrombotic drugs, in patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Multaq(R) also significantly decreased the risk of arrhythmic death by 45% (p=0.01) and there were numerically fewer deaths (16%) from any cause in the dronedarone group compared to placebo (p=0.17). First cardiovascular hospitalization was reduced by 25% (p=0.000000009) in the dronedarone group. The pre-specified safety endpoint was the incidence of treatment emergent adverse events (time of observation for treatment emergent adverse events) including: all adverse events, serious adverse events, adverse events leading to study drug discontinuation.
The atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter patients studied were either 75 years of age or over (with or without cardiovascular risk factor) or were below 75 years of age with at least one additional cardiovascular risk factor (hypertension, diabetes, previous cerebrovascular event, left atrium size greater than 50 mm or left ventricular ejection fraction lower than 40 percent). Patients suffering from decompensated heart failure were excluded from the study. Patients were randomised to receive Multaq(R) 400 mg BID or placebo, with a maximum follow-up of 30 months.
The countries which enrolled patients included: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, The Netherlands, Tunisia, Turkey, the UK, the US.
About Multaq(R) (dronedarone)
Dronedarone (brand name Multaq(R)) is an investigational new treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation, which has been discovered and developed by sanofi-aventis for the prevention and treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Dronedarone is a multi-channel blocker that affects calcium, potassium and sodium channels and has anti-adrenergic properties. Dronedarone does not contain the iodine radical and did not show any evidence of thyroid or pulmonary toxicity in clinical trials.
Based upon this new clinical data, sanofi-aventis plans to submit a registration dossier to the European Medicines Agency (EMEA), and a new drug application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) during the 3rd quarter of 2008.
Sanofi-aventis, a leading global pharmaceutical company, discovers, develops and distributes therapeutic solutions to improve the lives of everyone. Sanofi-aventis is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE: SNY).
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