Navigation Links
Younger Siblings of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Score Low

A recent study reports that younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders do not perform as well on tests of social and communication development// as siblings of children without developmental problems.

The study included siblings aged as young as 12 months. The report is published in the April issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a theme issue on autism spectrum disorders.

Studies of twins and families indicate that autism and related disorders have a genetic basis, according to background information in the article. This includes milder conditions known as the "broader autism phenotype," consisting of traits that are similar to those associated with autism but are not severe enough to cause disability. Approximately 6 to 9 percent of younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (including autism and related conditions) develop autism spectrum disorders, and others may demonstrate features of the broader autism phenotype.

Wendy L. Stone, Ph.D., and colleagues at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., studied 64 younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders and 42 younger siblings of children with typical development. The siblings were between the ages of 12 and 23 months (average age 16 months) when they were assessed between 2003 and 2006. Participating children were measured using tests of thinking, learning and memory; an interactive screening tool assessing play, imitation and communication; and a scale rating autism symptoms. Parents were also interviewed and filled out questionnaires regarding their children’s social, communication and language skills.

"Younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders demonstrated weaker performance in non-verbal problem-solving, directing attention, understanding words, understanding phrases, gesture use and social-communicative interactions with parents, and had increased autism symptoms, relative t o control siblings," the authors write. The pattern of scores on tests suggested that a substantial minority of the siblings of autistic children had low scores, as opposed to a few extremely low performers who may have deceptively brought down the average scores. In addition, "the consistency of results obtained across different methods highlights the robustness of these findings."

The weaker performance of siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder may represent early signs of the broader autism phenotype, and highlights the importance of closely monitoring these at-risk children for developmental problems, the authors note. "This research has the potential to increase our knowledge about the early development of autism and to develop tailored intervention and prevention strategies for promoting optimal outcomes in this group of at-risk children," they conclude.

Source-Eurekalert
PRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Hearing Problems Of Middle Age Are Affecting The Younger Generation
2. Younger People More Susceptible To Gum Disease
3. Youth Becoming Sexually Active At A Younger Age
4. Grapefruit Aroma Makes Women Appear Younger
5. Breast Cancer More Serious For Younger Patients
6. Fruits & Vegetables Makes You Look Younger With Fewer Wrinkles
7. Depression Accompanies Heart Attacks in Younger Women
8. Radiation Therapy Benefits Younger Men With Localized Prostate Cancer
9. More Number Of Younger Americans Lack Health Insurance
10. People are Happier at the Older Age than when they are Younger: Study
11. Cancer Rates Falls In Younger Men But Stable In Young Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/11/2016)... Island, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 ... ... has enhanced and updated its hallmark resource, Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice, to ... leader in vein illumination with an estimated 85% share of the market, facilitates ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... The annual list showcases the 20 Most Promising ... team dedication and commitment to the SharePoint ecosystem. A panel of experts and ... goal is to recognize and promote technology entrepreneurship. , The survey was made ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... dynamometers and ergoFET force gauges used in physical therapy, occupational therapy and sports ... sensor for resistance cord exercise and therapy, introduces its new microFET Digital Pinch ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... coverage results in significantly higher rates of several common cancer screenings, especially among ... in better outcomes and survival rates. , The study,“What Does Medicaid Expansion ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Sherly Sulaiman, certified clinical ... of therapeutic sessions to help Los Angeles-area actors cope with rejection, improve their ... series, known as “Mindfulness for Actors and Artists,” has been featured in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Fla. , Feb. 11, 2016 PLAD, ... started out 2016 with sales exceeding company targets, are ... have received their trademark from the United States Patent ... Bobby Clark , Chief Executive Officer of PLAD, Inc.  ... of Pennsylvania with two new ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016  Delcath Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... device company focused on oncology with an emphasis ... cancers, announces the engagement of Lars E. ... Medical Consultant. Dr. Birgerson will provide strategic medical ... operations team to help ensure timely facilitation of ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ENGLEWOOD, Colo. , Feb. 11, 2016  Aytu ... on developing treatments for urological and related conditions, announced ... for the second fiscal quarter of 2016 on Tuesday, ... will review recent accomplishments and provide an overview of ... financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2015. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: