Navigation Links
Y chromosome uses trick to repair its own genes

Scientists have discovered that the Y chromosome uses a neat trick to repair its most crucial genes, a strategy that apparently helps keep it from rotting away over evolutionary time.
The Y chromosome, of course, is best known for supplying the biological signal that makes males rather than females.
Some scientists have suggested it might disappear millions of years from now because it can't eliminate genetic defects in the usual way,// and broken genes tend to erode away over the long haul.

But there are reasons to be optimistic about the chromosome's future, and the new work adds one more.

"Y chromosomes really have a big trick up their sleeves," said David Page, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.

The gene-fixing trick was already known to happen occasionally in human DNA, but the surprise is that the Y chromosome has elevated it to standard operating procedure, said researchers.

The work by scientists at the Whitehead and the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis,is the first comprehensive and detailed analysis of the genetic code of the Y chromosome, which is best known for supplying the signal to make males.

The work is a landmark for the history of sex determination.

Scientists said followup work could illuminate basic biological differences between the sexes, perhaps shedding light on causes of differences in disease susceptibility, for example.

The Y chromosome can't fix its genes in the usual way because it doesn't meet up with other Y chromosomes. The body's other chromosomes are inherited in pairs, with one member coming from a mother and the other from a father. That pairing lets them swap corresponding pieces of themselves, a mechanism that lets the species get rid of damaged genes.

But the Y chromosome comes by itself. It can't trade appreciable amounts of DNA with its partner, the X chromosome, so it can't get rid of damaged genes that way.

The new work reports evidence that the Y chromosome makes extensive use of a process called gene conversion. The chromosome carries backup copies of its important genes, and it can use one copy to fix a flaw in the other.

The gene-fixing technique comes at a price. When the chromosome makes a mistake in the procedure, it can delete stretches of DNA. Such deletions, occuring in one in every couple thousand boys, are a recognized cause of male infertility.
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Disease chromosomes identified
2. Disease chromosomes identified
3. Down syndrome simulated in animal model after successful chromosome transplantation
4. Researchers trick Alzheimers Enzyme
5. Fructose is a tricker and not all that sweet!
6. Graphic warnings on cigarette packets might just do the trick!
7. Patrick Walsh Wins International Medicine Prize
8. Clotting Protein plays a role in nerve repair
9. Heart may pull Cells from Body to Self-repair
10. Bone marrow stem cells may help repair cardiac tissues
11. Bones repair themselves with bone marrow cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and ... their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness at Work Awards took ... the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of 42 businesses to receive ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... June ... about the dangers associated with chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, ... individuals who are suffering with Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. Amanda Cheng, an ... Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, including robotic Suresmile technology, ... , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic treatment. It can be ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... EB Medicine ... Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. The awards honor ... Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. , “With this ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners is pleased ... and genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at HTG ... leading the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system and associated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 , ... Thursday, July 7, 2016 , , , , LOCATION: , ... , , , , EXPERT PANELISTS:  , , , Frost ... Industry Analyst, Christi Bird; Senior Industry Analyst, Divyaa Ravishankar and Unmesh ... The global pharmaceutical industry is witnessing an exceptional era. Several ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Revolutionary technology includes multi-speaker listening ... industry leaders in advanced audiology and hearing aid technology, ... ™, the world,s first internet connected hearing aid that ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160622/382240 ) , ... ,world firsts,: , TwinLink™ - the first ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has ... Global Analysis (United States, China, Japan, Brazil, United Kingdom, ... their offering. Surgical ... business planners, provides surgical procedure volume data in a ... an in-depth analysis of growth drivers and inhibitors, including ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: