Navigation Links
XDR-TB a Serious Threat to India

The study, the first in India to look at the prevalence of XDR-TB, found this type of TB accounts for 8% of multi-drug-resistant cases, compared with about 4% in the United States.

MDR-TB (multi-drug resistant TB) describes strains of tuberculosis that are resistant to at least the two first-line TB drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin. XDR-TB is MDR-TB that is also resistant to three or more of the six classes of second-line drugs. XDR-TB leaves patients (including many people living with HIV) virtually untreatable using currently available anti-TB drugs.

Recent findings from a survey conducted by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that XDR-TB has been identified in all regions of the world but occurs most frequently in the countries of the former Soviet Union and in Asia.

Sushil Jain of the Hinduja National Hospital in Mumbai, India, and colleagues examined 3,904 lab samples at their hospital, and found that 1,274 were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Of these, 32% were found to be MDR-TB, out of which 8% were XDR-TB.

Tuberculosis can infect many sites in the body but most commonly affects the lungs. All XDR-TB cases were in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, or TB found in the lungs, which can be spread by coughing, sneezing, laughing or singing. Repeated exposure to someone with TB disease is generally necessary for infection to take place.

The death rate of XDR-TB patients in the study was 42%, which Dr. Jain calls "alarmingly high."

"An important finding was that the majority of patients with XDR-TB were of younger age group (their average age was 30 years), thus posing a major threat to our economically productive population," Dr. Jain notes. "Serious efforts are needed to tackle this deadly disease which may become a global emergency." Dr. Jain says that XDR-TB has long existed in India but has been under-re cognized and under-treated.

"Most labs in India are not equipped to perform drug susceptibility tests so exact prevalence is difficult to ascertain, and treatment in the absence of reliable sensitivity reports is difficult. Compounding the problem is the huge costs of treating these most difficult TB patients," he said.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. WHO and U.S. Officials Meet to Discuss Funding to Combat XDR-TB
2. Forcible Detention and Isolation Needed for XDR-TB Patients, warn Experts
3. World Must Act Quickly To Control Spread XDR-TB
4. XDR-TB: the Latest Global Terror
5. Kenya, Surrounding Region Lack Capacity To Handle XDR-TB, Experts Say
6. Socialization A Serious Trouble For Childhood Cancer Survivors
7. Viagra May Be Useful For Serious Lung Disease
8. Mountain Biking Results In Serious Injuries
9. Breast Cancer More Serious For Younger Patients
10. Rahul Mahajans Condition Is Serious But Stable : Hospital
11. Africans Should Take Their Traditional Medicine Very Seriously
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The American workforce ... stability, even security. Most importantly, employees are the single most important asset in ... workers so unhappy? , Just under half of American workers are emotionally checked ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Conditions were ideal for Global Lyme ... on Sunday, with sunny skies, a light breeze and temperatures in the 60s. Over ... The 5k Run and Walk and 1-mile walk were held to increase awareness ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Spine Team Texas, ... is proud to announce one of their physicians has been invited to be a ... (Texas ACOFP) Family Practice Review conference on April 30, 2016. , Dr. R. ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... and engineer of patented products, announces the Gyrociser, an exercise invention which aids ... worth $2 billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. Robert Mondavi, one of the ... Cosmetic dentistry is a fast-growing field as more patients are discovering the many different ... more about the options currently available to them and which ones might work for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... --   , Total Sales ... Sales  Clinical sales grow 16% year-over-year  , ... OTCQX: MKEAY) inventor of Cellvizio®, the multidisciplinary confocal laser ... quarter ended March 31, 2016 and provided an update ... strategy. First Quarter 2016 Revenue Results by ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... titled, "Skincare Devices Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, ... to the report, the global skincare devices market was ... anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 10.1% from ... 2023. Browse the full Skincare Devices Market (Treatment ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... NEW DELHI , April 27, 2016 ... CSR initiative to save newborns ... ,s hospital for women & newborns in collaboration with Breast ... has launched the first Pasteurized Human Milk Bank, ,Amaara, in ... the best nutritional food source for infants and should be ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: