Navigation Links
XDR-TB: the Latest Global Terror

Statistics that frighten were presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Los Angeles//, the largest scientific gathering for AIDS researchers, Sunday.

Health professionals made the present scenario of XDR-TB or extensively drug resistant tuberculosis that is ravaging South Africa known here.

The meeting has drawn 3,800 of the world's leading AIDS researchers to report the latest scientific news on the spread of the epidemic, which has killed an estimated 25 million people worldwide since it first emerged 25 years ago.

The disease was first reported as an outbreak in a KwaZulu village but has since spread further to 9 provinces of the country, killing hundreds.

The disease is fatal to those infected with the virus HIV. Last year, 52 out of the 53 persons infected with XDR-TB died.

Says Dr. Karin Weyer, director of tuberculosis research for the South Africa Medical Research Council, in Pretoria: 'We believe that there are about 6,000 cases of multi-drug resistant TB in South Africa, and when we treat these patients about 10 percent fail to get better.

Extrapolating from that, we calculate that there are about 600 cases of patients with extensively drug-resistant TB in South Africa.

'Most of the patients who are co-infected with the extensively drug-resistant TB and HIV die within a month. 'Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis represents the failure of tuberculosis control at the global level,' Weyer concluded.

According to Dr. Paul Nunn, director of the Stop TB program of the World Health Organization, nearly 9 million people in the world have tuberculosis, and the disease kills 1.6 million people a year.

He estimates that worldwide there are likely 16,000 deaths among those that are caused by infection with the extensively drug-resistant organism.

Nunn said that the WHO defines extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis as a form of the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is resistant to standard oral drugs, to newer fluoroquinolones and to one of three injected drugs.

A study of guinea pigs whose cages were placed in the ventilation stream from rooms housing XDR-TB patients has created fears of the bacteria being airborne. Eighty percent of the animals tested positive.

'These outbreaks of this scary form of tuberculosis and its spread underscore that the healthcare infrastructure is largely unprepared for the aerosol transmission of such a pathogen,' says Dr. John Mellors, professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh and vice chairman of the scientific program at the retrovirus conference.

Such strains have now been reported in 28 countries with the bulk of them mainly in China, India and Russia.

Concludes Nunn, 'Extensively drug-resistant TB is a wake-up call for strengthening basic tuberculosis and HIV care, prevention and control and scaling up the management of drug resistant tuberculosis.’

Related medicine news :

1. Latest device for identifying Melanomas
2. Latest discovery on Autism
3. Latest device for cardiac revival under test
4. Latest technique for asthma treatment
5. Latest drug shows promise in multiple myeloma
6. Latest Findings On The Deadly Disease - SARS
7. Latest Tumor Classification More Informative
8. The Latest Preventative Treatment Option for Prostate Cancer
9. Latest Research Shows That Multivitamins Might Not Prevent Infections In All Elderly
10. A Latest Study Links Fish To Stroke
11. Enhanced Gene Therapy Outcomes Following Latest Revolution And Refinement
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... strategic partnership with Connance, a healthcare industry leader providing predictive analytics to ... technology combine to provide health systems, hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers with ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... On ... as sponsor of the 2016 Cereal Festival and World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle ... honor of the city’s history as home to some of the world’s leading providers ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan ... require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, ... Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms ... Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the ... to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The ... Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Any dentist who has made an implant supported denture ... of them do not even offer this as a viable ... costs involved. And those who ARE able to offer that ... cost that the majority of today,s patients would not be ... , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor of Implanova ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... LOS ANGELES , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... (NASDAQ: CAPR ), a biotechnology company ... first-in-class therapeutics, today announced that patient enrollment in ... progrEssion in Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its ... its enrollment in the third quarter of 2016, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... BOGOTA, Colombia , June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia ... the company,s second affiliate in Latin America . ... ... Farma Colombia ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: