Navigation Links
Women's Skin Tone Influences Perception of Beauty, Health, Age

A new study is revealing that wrinkles aren’t the only cue the human eye looks for to evaluate age. //Facial skin color distribution, or tone, can add 10-12 years to a woman's perceived age.

The study, published in the latest issue of the journal Evolution and Human Behavior, used three-dimensional imaging and morphing software to remove wrinkles and furrows from pictures of women, leaving skin tone as the only variable. Researchers were then able to determine exactly what impact facial skin tone has on how young, healthy and attractive people perceive the women to be. Faces with more even skin tone were judged to be younger.

"Until now, behavioral scientists have mostly ignored the overall homogeneity and color saturation of a person’s skin," says lead researcher Dr. Karl Grammer. “This study points out that wrinkles aren’t the only visual cue to a woman’s age.

“Skin tone and luminosity may be a major signal to suitors of a woman’s attractiveness, as well as of her assumed age,” said Grammer, who is founder and scientific director of the Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institute for Urban Ethology at the University of Vienna, Austria.

The researchers took digital photographs of 169 Caucasian women between the ages of 10 and 70. Then they used specialized morphing software to “drape” each subject’s facial skin over a standardized model, in effect, taking 169 different skin tones and applying them to a common canvas.

In the process, other potential age-defining features such as facial furrows, lines and wrinkles were removed, leaving skin tone as the only variable. Then, these models were viewed by 430 observers who were asked to estimate each model’s age and gauge her health and attractiveness.

The models who had the most even skin tone received significantly higher ratings for attractiveness and health, and were also judged to be younger in age. The models with uneven, blotchy skin tone were judged to be sign ificantly older.

“Whether a woman is 17 or 70, the contrast of skin tone plays a significant role in the way her age, beauty and health is perceived," says study co-author Dr. Bernhard Fink. “An even skin tone can give visual clues about a person’s health and reproductive capability, so it is considered most desirable."

Fink, a senior scientist in the Department for Sociobiology/Anthropology at the University of Goettingen, Germany, said the work is important for women considering efforts to improve their tans. “We found that cumulative UV damage from too much sun dramatically influences skin tone, giving women yet another reason to prevent future UV-related skin damage or try to correct past sun damage.”

The researchers said that tone variances could be caused by several factors including cumulative UV damage (freckles, moles, age spots), natural aging (yellowing, dullness) and skin vascularization (redness). Not surprisingly, the study hinted at a positive correlation between the amount of accumulated photodamage and the amount of uneven skin tone.

Next Phase of Tone Research – Getting Under the Skin As a next step, Drs. Grammer and Fink will partner with scientist and skin imaging expert Dr. Paul Matts, from P&G Beauty (a division of Procter & Gamble that funded the study) to look at the distribution of 3 chromophores – melanin, hemoglobin, and collagen -- in the skin of study subjects and correlate this distribution with perceived attractiveness. A non-invasive imaging technology called SIAscopy—originally developed by UK-based Astron Clinica for early skin cancer detection—will help the scientists study the chromophores. These 3 chromophores directly affect how the human eye perceives qualities such as luminosity in young skin or dullness in aging skin.

“Because skin has optical depth, our eyes perceive discolorations on the surface and in underlying layers. This discoloration can be subtle or overt. We believe the judgment of facial skin age is influenced by uneven chromophore distribution and a decrease in light reflection,” says Grammer.

ource-Newswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Unsatisfactory Grade On Womens Health Issues
2. Womens strong sense of smell
3. Womens stroke indications vary from mens
4. Soya Found To Affect Womens Ability To Conceive: Professor
5. Timing Of Womens Labor May Determine Effectiveness Of Pain Medication
6. Womens Self-Esteem Not Lowered By Seeing Ultra Thin Models
7. Male Students Entry in Womens College Creates Furore in Pakistan Assembly
8. Metallic and Glass Objects Retreived from Womens Stomach
9. Study Focuses on Womens Health After Breast Cancer
10. Awareness about Womens Cancers- A National Concern
11. Womens Sex Lives Mediocre
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... As an industry leader, Eppendorf ... they will present the line of epMotion automated liquid handling system. This automated ... automate everyday pipetting tasks. , Ideal for scientists and lab technicians with no ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Radabaugh ... protection assistance to communities in North-Central West Virginia, is embarking on a cooperative ... boys in the area. , The Chestnut Mountain Ranch (CMR) is a Christ-centered ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... IN (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... The ... communities in northwest Indiana, is campaigning in support of Campagna Academy in a charity ... to as the “Hoosier Boys’ Town of Indiana,” Campagna Academy is a nonprofit organization ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... “Emotions are sacred, valid, honored, encouraged. This ... positive education company Generation Mindful. To help change the mindset of parents and educators ... skills, she created the Time-In Toolkit, which launched on Kickstarter 3 weeks ago and ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Alcovit, a lime-flavored beverage that rids the ... efforts with its product now available through Jet.com. , After 25 years of ... powdered drink is designed to quickly detox the body thereby avoiding alcohol-induced hangovers. Whether ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/8/2017)... Second-quarter 2017 revenues of $876 ... from continuing operations Second-quarter ... $110 million Second-quarter 2017 ... Second-quarter 2017 adjusted diluted ... percent to $0.93 Second-quarter ...
(Date:8/7/2017)...  Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) ... all known U.S. mesh product liability claims and that ... remaining U.S. claims at reasonable values. Under the agreements, ... quarter of 2017 and continuing through the fourth quarter ... results, the Company intends to increase its mesh product ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... and BENTON, Ky. , Aug. 2, 2017   Marshall County ... its environmental services (ES) team to proactively reduce the risk of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). The ... disinfection robot that uses UVC light energy to kill deadly pathogens such as C. ... Tru-D SmartUVC ... Tru-D in action in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: