Navigation Links
Women might be at increased risk of HIV during pregnancy

Women might be at increased risk of HIV during pregnancy because of their own or their partner's sexual behaviours, or because of the physiological changes during gestation. Irrespective of the mechanism of heightened risk, // findings that rates of HIV acquisition are significantly higher during pregnancy than in the postpartum period, have important implications for HIV prevention, both to protect mothers from primary HIV infection during pregnancy and to potentially avoid mother-to-child HIV transmission, which can be increased by the rise in HIV-1 viraemia associated with recent maternal infection.

In a recent study, published in the October issue of The Lancet, undertaken to address these issues, researchers assessed the incidence rate of HIV during pregnancy and lactation, and compared this to the incidence rate of HIV during periods of non-pregnancy and non-lactation using longitudinal data from a community cohort in Rakai, Uganda. It was postulated that if the incidence rate of HIV acquisition during pregnancy remained raised after adjustment for characteristics and behaviours, physiological changes of pregnancy might be responsible for any differences in incidence rates recorded during pregnancy, lactation, and non-pregnancy and non-lactation periods.

Pregnant women were identified by interview and physical examination, and for women who were unsure of their pregnancy status or whose last menstrual period occurred more than a month before the survey, pregnancy status was confirmed by a urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test. Women who were initially HIV-negative and who were neither pregnant nor breastfeeding provided a comparison group for assessment of HIV risk. Since risk of HIV in women might be associated with behaviours and HIV status of male partners, we identified husbands of married index women. HIV status was assessed by two separate enzyme immunosorbent assays with western blot confirmation of discordant enzyme immu nosorbent assay results and HIV seroconverters.

The authors interpreting the results suggest that the risk of HIV acquisition rises during pregnancy. This change is unlikely to be due to sexual risk behaviours, but might be attributable to hormonal changes affecting the genital tract mucosa or immune responses. However, they admit that they cannot generalise these findings beyond the Rakai setting and it would be important for other investigators to verify them. However, if women are at increased risk of HIV acquisition during pregnancy, these findings present a public-health problem, both for the mother and possibly for her unborn infant. It would therefore be prudent for women to be aware of this potential risk of HIV acquisition during pregnancy, and to promote safe sex, or sexual abstinence where feasible.
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Women suffer from sexual dysfunction too
2. Women find difficulty in calling it Quits
3. Women recognise faces better
4. Women more susceptible to brain damage from ecstasy
5. Good News For Women With Gestational Diabetes
6. Unsatisfactory Grade On Womens Health Issues
7. Risk for Pregnant Women
8. Womens strong sense of smell
9. Women need to exercise more to prevent obesity
10. Women benefit from consuming fish
11. Women are at risk with raised cholesterol
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids Fun Run ... This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, is aimed ... geared towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, which is ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... giving viewers the lowdown on sciatica in a new episode of "Success Files," ... on current events and innovation and investigates each subject in-depth with passion and ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of a missionary couple ... From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of published author, Carole ... and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which she has taught ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... First Healthcare Compliance (FHC), ... will showcase a range of technology and learning solutions at the 68th Annual ... Expo to be held October 14–18, 2017 at the Mandalay Bay Resort in ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, ... the U.S., announced today its plans to open a flagship location in Covington, LA ... the former Rooms To Go store next to Office Depot in the Holiday Square ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... ORLANDO, Fla. , Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx ... services company formed by Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager ... of its new brand, which included the unveiling of ... Fla. , as well as at a few ... introduces the new brand to patients, some of whom ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... Cohen Veterans Bioscience and Early Signal Foundation ... and home sensors for real-time monitoring of patients with ... nonprofit organization focused on disruptive health solutions for rare ... system to record and integrate behavioral, cognitive, physiological and ... ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... 2017  EpiVax, Inc., a leader in the ... today announced the launch of EpiVax Oncology Inc., ... therapeutic cancer vaccines. EpiVax has provided $500,000 in ... enabling technologies to the new precision immunotherapy venture. ... Oncology as Chief Executive Officer. Gad brings over ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: