Scientists have found that Asian-American women have the top life expectancy in the U.S. whereas black men in some urban areas have the worst// , with a gap of almost two decades between the two..
According to a national study in today's PLoS Medicine online they have found that the life expectancy of Asian women was 86.7 years while for black men living in high-risk urban areas, it was 68.7 years. Leading among the 50 states and Washington, D.C., was Hawaii with a life expectancy of 80 years, while D.C. ranked last, with 72 years.
Lead investigator Christopher Murray said that the differences are driven by injury and preventable risk factors for long-term disease such as smoking, alcoholism and obesity, especially in Americans ages 15 to 59.
According to him most health-policy initiatives currently focus on children and the elderly.
Murray, Harvard Initiative for Global Health director, said ``The evidence is really quite clear that most of the gap across these groups is due to differences in mortality in young and middle-aged adult men and women and most of that is due to chronic disease. It's not HIV. It's not homicide. It's cardiovascular disease. It's chronic respiratory disease, liver disease and somewhat cancers.''
He stated that it was important to discovering the factors that underlie longevity gaps and that the life expectancy gaps won't close until the focus turns to Americans ages 15 to 59.
The life expectancy was calculated following the investigators dividing the country into eight groups based on such factors as race, population density, location, homicide rates and income to look at life expectancy.
The Census Bureau and Center for Health Statistics were the sources for these data. The study was financed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute on Aging and the Association of Schools for Public Health.
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