d for such an educational program is evidenced by the growing rate of asthma in African-Americans between the ages of 15 to 24. From 1997 to 2001, these teenagers developed asthma at a rate 75 percent higher than white people in the same age bracket.
National guidelines recommend that patient asthma education include information on asthma medication and its mechanism of action, appropriate techniques for using inhalers and spacers, asthma trigger avoidance and plans to respond to asthma symptoms, said Dr. Joseph. Asthma education for adolescents should also address depression, unresolved anger at having the disease, denial and fear of being perceived as weak or different.
The average age of participants was about 15. Female students, who comprised 63 percent of the cohort, said being labeled asthmatic concerned them less than it did the male students.
More students participated at the three high schools with school-based clinics, than did at the three that did not feature such services (35 versus 23 percent).
The investigators noted that because all schools had existing computer resources, the major cost in program delivery was associated with hiring a referral coordinator. The referral coordinator assessed student needs, helped to find a doctor and obtained medication when applicable, and referred students to appropriate agencies or community resources as needed.
Periodically, a risk assessment report was generated based on student responses to certain key questions in the program which indicated a need for assistance. These included a report of possible depression, severe and persistent asthma symptoms, sharing medication with a friend or relative, lack of a physician or health insurance and need for an inhaler. Page: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
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