Navigation Links
War Spreading AIDS a Myth-UNHCR

The idea that war, forced migrations, refugee crisis, large-scale rape of women in sub-Saharan African nations has increased the prevalence of HIV in that area is a myth. This is according to a new study by UNHCR of seven African nations that was published this week in the British medical journal The Lancet.

There are no data to show that refugees fleeing conflict spread HIV infection in host communities; the reverse may be the case.

The UNHCR study team , led by Dr. Paul Spiegel of our Public Health and HIV Section, tracked HIV infection rates in seven sub-Saharan nations beset by conflict -- Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.

Of the 40 million people worldwide infected with the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS, about 25 million are in the poor African countries south of the Sahara.

The data on HIV prevalence in 12 refugee camps showed that nine actually had a lower prevalence of infection than surrounding host communities, while two had similar rates and only one a higher prevalence.

Dr. Paul Spiegel, stressed that the findings of the survey could not be universally applied to all conflicts in the world. 'Every case must be examined individually and context is very important,' said Dr. Spiegel, who heads UNHCR's HIV and AIDS unit. He added that the findings should not be interpreted to mean people should not worry about HIV in conflicts.

It is a common belief that violence and rape fuel the HIV epidemic in countries affected by conflict, and consequently refugees fleeing humanitarian emergencies have a high prevalence of HIV infection. But the study team could find no clear evidence to support the view.

The UNHCR report challenges this view. 'In the seven African countries, conflict appeared to keep the HIV prevalence lower than surrounding countries that did not have conflict,' Dr. Spiegel said, reviewing the main findings of the report. 'Since refugees come from these areas, refugees often have lower HIV prevalence than the surrounding communities, which ultimately will increase their vulnerability towards HIV,' he added.

The authors suggest that previous poor survey methods and biased interpretation of data might have led to the high rates of HIV infection previously reported during conflict. They point out that because data collection during conflict is fraught with difficulties and interpretation should be cautious, such estimates need to be supplemented with reliable data from after conflict. They conclude: This study shows the need for mechanisms to provide time sensitive information on the effect of conflict on disease incidence.

He added that strong and comprehensive prevention program needed to be set up to protect refugees against HIV when they were in such vulnerable situations.

Furthermore, he emphasized that the survey also showed that more attention needed to be paid to the post-conflict period where accessibility and mobility of populations recovering from war may create an environment conducive to the spread of HIV.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Spreading its wings
2. Spreading knowledge to doctors about herbal medicine
3. Stopping Prostate Cancer from Spreading
4. Brain Fever or Encephalitis Spreading in North India
5. Bird Flu Spreading in Chinas Poultry
6. Man Convicted For Spreading HIV
7. Australian Court Finds Man Guilty of Spreading HIV/AIDS
8. Music Helps in Spreading AIDS Awareness
9. Papua New Guinea MP To Face Trial For Spreading HIV
10. Bird Flu Spreading Towards Madhya Pradesh
11. Prostitutes Feared of Spreading Syphilis During World Cup
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of ... award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , ... Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. ... the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has ... , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all ... brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Georgia (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... awards today at the Clinical Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte ... have authored journal articles published in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners is ... sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at ... for leading the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: JAZZ ) announced ... Act of 1976, as amended ("HSR"), with respect to ... CPXX ) expired effective June 24, 2016, ... previously announced on May 31, 2016, Jazz Pharmaceuticals and ... Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced a tender offer for all ...
(Date:6/24/2016)...  Collagen Matrix, Inc., ("Collagen Matrix") the driving ... collagen and mineral based medical devices for tissue ... Messer has joined the company as Vice ... growing portfolio of oral surgery, neurosurgery, orthopaedic and ... the Collagen Matrix executive team as an accomplished ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... DUBLIN , June 24, 2016 ... addition of the "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart ... Integrated Photovoltaics Structural electronics involves ... as load-bearing, protective structures, replacing dumb structures such ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: