Navigation Links
Use of Mammograms in Men

Many men have breast symptoms, including enlarged or painful breast tissue, but the majority do not need a mammogram, say researchers from Mayo Clinic Cancer Center. // Mammograms are used to check for the presence of breast cancers, which are very rare in males.

Their study, presented Saturday, Dec. 16, at the 2006 meeting of the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, suggests physicians should reconsider ordering mammograms for men, who are most often diagnosed with non-cancerous gynecomastia, a common condition which includes breast swelling, a tender mass or painful breast tissue.

“Mammography is being performed with increasing frequency in men with breast symptoms, but we found that breast cancer in men can be felt as a firm, discrete mass on a physical exam, or seen as changes in the skin or nipple,” says the study’s lead author, Stephanie Hines, M.D., of Mayo’s Multidisciplinary Breast Clinic and Breast Cancer Program in Jacksonville, Fla. Male breast cancer is exceedingly rare -- fewer than 2,000 men in the United States are diagnosed with the condition annually, she says.

“But the problem is that there are no guidelines about the use of mammograms in male patients and few studies have been conducted to find out if they are helpful,” says Dr. Hines.

Conversely, gynecomastia is found in 60 to 90 percent of male infants, in 30 to 60 percent of boys going through puberty, and in 24 to 65 percent of adult men, according to Dr. Hines. The condition has a number of causes, including hormonal imbalance, use of certain medications, organ failure, and alcohol use. Gynecomastia can be detected in a physical exam and can often be diagnosed solely based on the clinical evaluation.

“So, in the vast majority of cases, a mammogram is not necessary for confirming a diagnosis of gynecomastia. Breast cancer is rare and most often easily detected on physical examination,” says Dr. Hines. “The bottom line is that most men don’t need a mammogram, and that is good news for them.”

In this study, researchers retrospectively reviewed the records of all men who had a mammogram at Mayo Clinic Jacksonville from 2001 to 2004. A total of 212 mammograms were performed on 198 patients. The researchers said only three men were diagnosed with breast cancer, and of these, all three men had an obvious mass in the breast that could be felt on physical exam, or had changes, such as retracted skin or nipple, that are associated with tumor development. In one of the three men, the mammogram showed a mass initially diagnosed as benign that was later discovered to be cancerous.

However, the researchers found that 83 percent of the men who had mammograms and had been diagnosed with gynecomastia were taking a medication, or had a medical condition, that could predispose them to developing breast swelling.

“Men who have gynecomastia rarely have a breast tumor,” says Dr. Hines. “Physicians should be able to determine if their male patients have developed gynecomastia by performing a thorough examination and taking a good medical history,” she says. “Mammography may still be necessary if there is uncertainty about the clinical diagnosis. But it is not necessary to confirm gynecomastia through a mammogram.”


Related medicine news :

1. Mammograms Reduce Risk of Dying
2. Mammograms better than self-exam
3. Accuracy of Mammograms
4. Frequent Mammograms Can Decreases The Risk of Death
5. Mammograms The Best In Detecting Breast Cancer
6. Mammograms Detect Non Progressive Cancer
7. Older Women Have Fewer Mammograms Than is Reported
8. Studies Report Mammograms Unsafe
9. Mammograms in Queensland Reviewed
10. Women Do Not Have Access To Free Mammograms
11. Mammograms Reduce Breast Cancer Deaths, But Increase Overdiagnosis
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/26/2016)... Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The ... centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton ... Plant City Observer , brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: ... The closing for fumigation is not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental ... exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness at Work Awards took place ... BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of 42 businesses to receive an ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was ... his family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” ... He would throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin ... companies that call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and ... This will restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune to enter. The US ... will serve to drive considerable growth for effective anti-influenza medications. ... cap sales considerably, but development is still in its infancy. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, the future ... today online at by the Diabetes ... stand in the way of academic and community service ... scholarship program since 2012, and continues to advocate for ...
(Date:6/23/2016)...  Guerbet announced today that it has been named ... . One of 12 suppliers to receive ... support of Premier members through exceptional local customer service ... to lower costs. ... outstanding customer service from Premier," says Massimo Carrara ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: