Navigation Links
The Dreaded Disease Tuberculosis Raises Its Ugly Head

When Mr. Andrew Speaker and his wife returned to United States from Europe they were immediately quarantined by the health officials .

Speaker and his family have been fighting back ever since, disputing the accounts of government health officials who contended he had been warned not to fly because he posed an infection risk to others.

The disease in Speaker came to fore when he went for a check up for a rib injury. His X-ray picked up shadow in his right lung and TB was suspected. Only after intense test it was realized that the TB was drug resistance. But Speaker was not aware of it till late.

Until a few weeks ago, many Americans had never heard of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, or XDR-TB. But Speaker got plenty of press as he was ordered into federal quarantine, having crisscrossed the Atlantic on commercial flights while infected with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB).

In the 1970s, eradicating TB appeared possible. Now, the drug-resistant strains are winning. Of the 9 million new TB cases each year, an estimated 450,000 are multi-drug resistant, or MDR. Only two-thirds of MDR TB patients are cured. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2005, there were 27,000 cases in 37 countries of XDR TB, which is resistant to at least three of the six second-line drugs used when the first drugs fail. The cure rate for XDR TB patients is just one-third. Scariest of all, two women in Italy recently died from a fully resistant type of TB that's officially incurable. (Scientists are dubbing it XXDR TB.) Today, TB terrorizes those whose immunity has been weakened by HIV, hunger, alcoholism or other diseases. If the new strains become dominant, everyone is at risk.

The rising worldwide number of XDR-TB cases like Speaker's may herald the end of a glorious 60-year holiday from many common and highly contagious diseases -- such as polio, measles and cholera -- that once routinely rava ged vast swaths of humanity.

Ironically, there has long been a disturbing tendency to romanticize the white plague, as tuberculosis is also known.

But in real life, tuberculosis is a messy, agonizing and debilitating ordeal. Once the tubercle bacilli gain the momentum to proceed unchecked through the body, there is no romance to be found. The actual experience of tuberculosis is one of exhaustion, drenching bouts of sweating, groaning, a cough punctuated by uncontrollable spurts of blood.

XDR TB is already too widespread to quarantine. We need to combat it globally before it becomes pandemic. Last week, the WHO asked governments worldwide to pay up the $3 billion a year needed to fund existing TB programs and an additional $1 billion a year to combat XDR TB. In the U.S., Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) and others proposed spending $300 million on TB next year, much of it on research. Given that isolating and treating a single XDR patient can cost up to $250,000, the case for spending far more on prevention and control is self-evident.

Today, more than one-third of the world's more than 6 billion people have been exposed to the tuberculosis germ. Five to 10 percent of them, or at least 100 million, will develop symptomatic TB. Each will infect 10 to 20 people before they are either successfully treated or they die. Last year, active -- and contagious -- tuberculosis was diagnosed in more than 8.8 million people.

Approximately 420,000, or 5 percent, of them have a drug-resistant strain that requires several more medications than drug-sensitive cases do; about 30,000 of these 420,000 cases are even more difficult and expensive to treat, the highly lethal XDR-TB.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Liver Transplants to the Rescue of Dreaded MSUD disease
2. Transdermal HRT not cardioprotective in postmenopausal women with Coronary Artery Disease
3. Vitamins-The answer to Heart Disease?
4. Link between Constipation and Parkinsons Disease
5. Levels Of Blood Proteins May Help Heart Disease Care
6. New Drug PP188 Helps Sickle Cell Disease
7. Gene Treatment for Heart Disease
8. Legume Consumption Can Cut Heart Disease Risk
9. Link Between Infection And Heart Disease
10. Celiac Disease in Type 1 Diabetes
11. Shunt for Alzheimers Disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/28/2017)... ... ... For many women, getting birth control isn’t as easy as it should be. In fact, ... to a health care facility or a pharmacy within 60 minutes of where they live. ... for many who are faced with health or personal issues that leave them homebound. To ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... to be invited to the Siemens Healthineers annual customer education symposium, a world-class ... will take place from March 27 - 31, 2017 at the Atlanta Marriott ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... ... Isabella Wentz, PharmD, FASCP, one of the leading thyroid experts of the world, is ... about journey and research recently on a blog and discussed some major aspects of ... deal with thyroid disease. , Dr. Wentz completed her graduation from the Midwestern ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... medical society dedicated to advancing the science and clinical practice of radiosurgery, ... RSSearch Patient Registry, a multi-institutional, observational registry established to standardize data collection ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Z-Medica, LLC, a leading developer and ... (UPMC) will acquire QuikClot® Bleeding Control Kits® (BCK) to equip up to 1,000 ... efforts by the American College of Surgeons, U.S. Department of Defense, Department of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/28/2017)... CITY, Calif. , March 28, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... company focused on the development and commercialization of ... pain, announced that the European Medicines Agency (EMA) ... sublingual tablet, 30 mcg) Marketing Authorisation Application (MAA) ... of the MAA is underway. The MAA for ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... Mass. , March 28, 2017 ... company developing innovative therapeutics that address significant unmet ... a patent from the Japan Patent Office (JPO) ... connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) for the treatment ... limited to skin fibrosis and proliferative retinopathy (Japanese ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 The ... reach USD 8.0 billion by 2025, according to a ... incidence of infectious diseases and cancer is expected to ... disease diagnosis over the coming years. In addition, higher ... autologous and allogenic stem cell therapy, due to adverse ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: