Doctors in Kenya are celebrating the birth of the nation’s first test tube babies, both girls, as a testament to medical breakthroughs//
Both the mothers known only as Agnes and as Jane are overjoyed and are in good health as are their babies. Each had paid around 300,000 Kenyan shillings (￡2,275) for the now rather commonplace in vitro fertilization procedure.
The first test tube baby, Louise Brown was born in Oldham, U.K on July 25, 1978 amid much controversy about the morality as well as safety of such a procedure. USA’s first testtube baby Elizabeth Jordan Carr was born in 1981 and since then the procedure became widely popularized with more than millions of children owing their existence to this procedure.
In vitro fertilization or IVFwas developed in the United Kingdom by doctors Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. Although IVF was initially developed to overcome infertility because of problems of the fallopian tube it soon proved to be successful for most other infertility reasons as well. Development of the intracytoplasmic sperm injection for this procedure has also helped to address the problem of male infertility to some extent.
Thus the prerequisites of an IVF treatment are healthy ova, sperm that is able to fertilise, and a uterus that can maintain a pregnancy. It is only cost considerations and not effectiveness that place IVF as the last option to be considered in treatment of infertility.
IVF treatment cycles which start from the third day of menstruation, involve treatment with fertility medications gonadotropins to stimulate the development of multiple follicles of the ovaries. This is followed by treatment with hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin that can cause ovulation in 42 hours. An ultrasound-guided needle pierces the vaginal wall, reaches the ovaries and follicles aspirated. This is used by the IVF laboratory to identify ova which are then stripped of surrounding cells and prepared for fPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
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