Navigation Links
Technology at its nano best: hand-held lab-on-a-chip for blood tests

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology are developing a kind of lab-on-a-chip which is a miniaturized, portable version of a blood-count machine. // This would benefit astronauts on long missions, who will need the ability to analyze blood samples in real-time to diagnose infection, allergies, anemia or deficiencies in the immune system.

The project is funded by the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI).

Along with the university IRIS International, Inc., are working on this project.

The process of blood testing takes about two minutes. Dr. Yu-Chong Tai, investigator on NSBRI’s Technology Development Team said, “Analysis of blood composition is how doctors test for infections and deficiencies in the immune system, monitor health and make medical diagnoses. Looking ahead to future missions to the moon and Mars, astronauts will need to perform simple blood tests to get up-to-the-minute information on their health.”

This would replace bulky machines. “In addition to space medicine, the technology could be used in neonatal care since large blood draws are not possible with infants. Normal blood-count machines are large to accommodate many samples and multiple tests, so to be safe, technicians take more blood from a patient than is actually needed. Since our goal is to assess blood composition on a molecular level, we only need a tiny amount. By miniaturizing the counting machine, we’re able to take a smaller sample, making the device a portable tool for space flight and in clinical settings.”

The blood-count machine will separate and identify components of blood such as red and white blood cells, lipids, proteins or oxygen. The blood sample is pulled into a mixing chamber where anti-coagulation chemicals are injected.

“In this case, white blood cells will be separated from red blood cells. Because of fluid dynamics, larger molecules like white blood cells will bypass a chamber that they can’t fit into and flow into the space where they do, thus separating the blood cell types,” said. Dr. Tai.

As a concluding remark Dr. Tai said, “The chip can be designed for many applications. The miniaturized cell-counter has potential as a diagnostic tool for cancer detection by searching in plasma for certain biomolecules that could be early indicators. Science has dictated that all of these things can be done, we’ve just needed to develop the technology.


Related medicine news :

1. New Technology In MRI Scan Help Test Brain Cancer Therapy
2. Emergence Of New Gene Scanning Technology In Disease Research
3. Scientists Develop New Technology To Find About Human Ancestors’ Teet
4. Scientists Consider About New Technology Called Nanotechnology
5. Prostate Cancer Can Be Treated By Application Of LASER Technology
6. Georgia Institute of Technology develops doppler Vein finder
7. Novel Technology For Early Detection of Gastrointestinal Cancer
8. Winter Blues Treated by Breakthrough Lighting Technology
9. Bio-Technology Initiatives to Feed Research On Sorghum Crop
10. Technology Can Help Fight Health Care Costs
11. Thailand To Test Efficacy Of Stem Cell Technology
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort to ... treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain management ... (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes of ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) learned during ... two significant new grants to support its work to advance research and patient ... recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their work in fighting pulmonary hypertension ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of ... AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway ... call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting ... restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does not erode ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... the Clinical Decision Making in Emergency Medicine conference in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL. ... articles published in Emergency Medicine Practice and Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... FRANCISCO, Calif. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... ), a biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for ... unmet needs, today announced the closing of its ... of common stock, at the public offering price ... in the offering were offered by GBT. GBT ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Research and Markets has ... 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" report to their ... Electronics, Smart Skin, Structural Health Monitoring, Composite Smart ... electronics involves electronic and/or electrical components and circuits ... structures such as vehicle bodies or conformally placed ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  American Respiratory Labs (ARL), a ... now able to perform sophisticated lung assessments in patients, homes, thanks ... Inc. Patients are no longer limited to having ... PRO ® , ARL patients like Jeanne R. of ... the comfort of her own home. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: