Navigation Links
Susceptibility to TB is High Among the Smokers

People who smoke are increasingly at the risk of becoming infected with tuberculosis (TB) and of having that infection turn into active TB disease//, according to an analysis of previously published in issue of Archives of Internal Medicine.

About one-third of the world’s population is infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), but the organism is usually rendered inactive by the immune system, according to background information in the article. Active tuberculosis developed in approximately 8.8 million individuals in 2003 and is responsible for about 1.7 million deaths worldwide each year. “It has long been suggested that tobacco smoking may affect rates of TB morbidity and mortality,” the authors write. “This could be a result of increasing the risk of infection with TB mycobacteria, increasing the rate of active TB disease, or increasing the TB mortality rate; plausible mechanisms exist.”

Michael N. Bates, Ph.D., and colleagues at the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, performed a meta-analysis of 24 previously published studies that examined the association between smoking and TB. Six of the publications dealt with the risk for TB infection, 13 with active TB disease and five with death from TB.

Across the studies, individuals who smoked had a 73 percent increased risk of becoming infected with tuberculosis and were more than twice as likely to develop active tuberculosis than those who did not smoke. This suggests that smokers are 40 to 60 percent more likely than non-smokers to develop tuberculosis disease after being infected with TB bacteria. The excess risk of death from TB associated with smoking was less than the excess risk of TB disease, suggesting that smoking does not increase the risk of death among those who already have active TB.

There are several potential explanations for the association, although more research is needed to determine the mechanisms involved, t he authors note. Smoking could decrease immune response or damage the function of cilia in the airways, increasing the risk for TB. “Tuberculosis control policies should in the future incorporate tobacco control as a preventive intervention,” the authors write.

“Potentially, smoking is one of the most modifiable of exposures,” they conclude. “In developing countries, where life expectancy is short, highlighting smoking as a risk factor for TB may have greater resonance than advertising its risks for cancer and cardiovascular disease.”

Source-Newswse
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
2. Smoking Related Scenes in Movies Increase Teenage Susceptibility To Smoke
3. A Sneak Preview of Human’s Susceptibility to Auto Immune Disease, Allergy, Asthm
4. Gene Defects Determine Susceptibility to Cancer and Bone Marrow Failure
5. Susceptibility Of TB In Humans Might Be Due To Three Human Gene Variants
6. Gluten Intolerance Quadruples Susceptibility to Tuberculosis
7. Web-Based Genomics Tool Designed to Help Predict Disease Susceptibility
8. Death Among the Homeless
9. Bullying – a Common Problem Among Childre
10. Easing Fears Among Asthmatics
11. Creating A Greater Awareness Among Smokers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... May 26, 2016- In ... Arts Fighting Challenge with theme event of “K Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at ... , The event is sponsored and hosted by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level employees ... YWCA Tribute to Women and Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes businesswomen ... For this year, Geri Boone, Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and Supports) ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... casual readers, this installment is bolstered by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven ... tech within the industry, from leading advocates, associations and industry leaders such as ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... students studying complementary medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this year’s Life University ... May 18 at the university’s Student Leadership Awards ceremony. , Outerbridge is approaching ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Cabot Corporation, Pfizer, ... respirators, according to court documents and SEC filings. A jury has returned ... v. American Optical Corporation, Case No. BC588866, Los Angeles County, California. The jury ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... 27, 2016 Kitov ... focused on late-stage drug development, today announced the ... of pivotal batches required for registration of KIT-302 ... This follows Kitov,s announcement in December ... met its primary efficacy endpoint. "We ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... 2016 TARE (Transarterial Radio-embolization) ... Savings and Overall Decreased Use of Hospital ... international specialist healthcare company, has today announced the ... Meeting of ISPOR (International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and ... (HCC) using yttrium-90 glass microspheres is associated with ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... HILDEN , Deutschland und GERMANTOWN, ... Zusammenarbeit mit Therawis bedient ... Entscheidungen bei Brustkrebs   QIAGEN N.V. ... QIA) gab heute bekannt, eine Lizenz- und Entwicklungsvereinbarung ... prädiktiver Assays für die Onkologie eingegangen zu sein. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: