Sandeep Arora, M.D., lead author of the report and an internal medicine specialist at Western Pennsylvania Hospital in Pittsburgh, says physicians lack a clear understanding of broken heart syndrome. The report demonstrates that cocaine use can potentially trigger transient left ventricular apical ballooning, also known as broken heart syndrome, in certain susceptible individuals, but further research is needed to determine other associated risk factors, Dr. Arora says.
In an accompanying editorial, physicians say more research is necessary to determine the syndrome’s underlying pathomechanisms. The journal also contains a medical image of broken heart syndrome.
Other Mayo authors of the opioid withdrawal report are Adam Locketz, M.D., Kevin Fritz, Terese Horlocker, M.D., and Michelle Kinney, M.D., all of the Department of Anesthesiology; David Lewallen, M.D., Department of Orthopedic Surgery; Abhiram Prasad, M.D., and John Bresnahan, M.D., Division of Cardiovascular Diseases. All are from Mayo Clinic Rochester.
Other authors of the cocaine report are Fadi Alfayoumi, M.D., and Venkatraman Srinivasan, M.D., of Western Pennsylvania Hospital/Temple University Program.
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