Navigation Links
Studies Show That Brain Cells Do Not Regenerate But Remain The Same Throughout

Research from Karolinska Institute in Sweden haves shown that the nerve cells of the brain remain the same throughout a person's life. //

The researchers explained that in a human body most of the organs go through a continuous process of death and re-growth, for example the cells of the liver take an approximate of two years to be totally replaced by newer ones. The researchers had however found in their studies that the cells of the brain do not go through this process but remain the same through out the person life.

Many scientists have suspected that the cerebral nerve cells lack this renewal ability. However, studies on apes and rodents have indicated that brain cells can reform in mammals after all – including man. One problem with these findings has been the research methodology, as the most common way of measuring the age of nerve cells is extremely complicated, especially in man, and gives unreliable and controversial results.

Last year, stem cell researcher Jonas Frisén from Karolinska Institute presented a way to settle the issue with help from unexpected quarters – the nuclear tests of the cold war. He used a variation on the well-known carbon-14 method that is based on the fact that atmospheric concentrations of C14 peaked sharply during the cold war tests. By comparing levels of C14 in plant and animal cells with atmospheric levels, it is possible to pinpoint the exact time the cells were born.

Jonas Frisén has now teamed up with another Swedish research group from G?teborg University, led by Dr. Peter Eriksson, and scientists from Australia and America to measure levels of C14 in neocortical nerve cells from all the cerebral lobes of adult individual brains. They have been able to show that levels of C14 in the nerve cells from all areas of the cerebral cortex were just as high as the atmospheric levels at the time of the individual's birth. Put another way, no cell division had taken place in the neocor tex during the person's life from infancy to adulthood.

The researchers stress that the method has certain limitations. For instance, newly formed nerve cells might remain undetected if they have made up less than one per cent of the total number of nerve cells a person has throughout his or her life. Another possibility, which has been indicated by research on apes, is that new cells can be born, but they are short-lived and die again quickly. The researchers are leaving this possibility open with the reservation that newly formed cells, if they have indeed lived, have not survived any longer than 4.2 months. Moreover, the study rule does not rule out the ability of the cerebral cortex to form new nerve cells after having suffered pathological conditions, such as stroke.

Other studies show that most other tissue types have a renewal cycle of varying lengths. Cells covering the inside of the stomach, for instance, live only a few days; the outer layer of skin is renewed every other week, while the skeleton is thought to be completely renewed once every ten years or so.

Source: EurekAert

Related medicine news :

1. Studies On Hearing Loss Discovers New Causes
2. Broccoli Found to Block Cancer Progression In Both Animal and Human Studies
3. Cure For Autism Could Be Established Through Hamster Studies
4. Despite More Studies Researchers Are Still Confound With ADHD
5. Studies Show Brain becomes Less Specialized With Age
6. ISB To Establish Research Chair On Real Estate And Urban Studies
7. Studies Show Combination Drugs As A Poor Substitute For Anti-Coagulants In Stroke
8. Further Studies Needed To Completely Understand About Ventricular Fibrillation
9. Studies Report Mammograms Unsafe
10. Six Indians Win Australian Studies Fellowships
11. Circumcision Studies to Continue Says Health Panel
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like to ... are invited to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. Courses ... , As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and Dr. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... The McHenry County law firm of Botto Gilbert Lancaster, ... Francisco J. Botto and Alex C. Wimmer. Attorneys Botto and Wimmer represented the claimant ... (2d) 130884WC. , According to court documents, Adcock testified that on May 10, 2010 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... board certified facial plastic surgeon specializing in both surgical and non-surgical treatments, announced ... Skin Spa at Hobgood Facial Plastic Surgery. , Highly trained and nationally ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... In an ongoing Clinical Study conducted by ... Chicago, IL, UV Angel is evaluating the efficacy of its product and its disinfection ... (totaling 30 beds) from May 2014 through October 2015 at a 360-bed, acute-care, academic ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... provide scholarships for people struggling with eating disorders as a result of the ... second annual event, held at Fox Run Golf Club in Eureka, will help ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ... transplantation is expected to boost the market growth, as 3D ... --> 3D bioprinting market is expected to ... report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising prevalence of chronic ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in the ... Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities" ... --> --> This new 247-page ... therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging tests, technologies, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive ... offering. --> ) has ... Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: