Recent research has revealed that exposure to high pollution levels can increase people’s susceptibility to stroke.//
In fact scientists in Japan have found that the risk of stroke from pollution can more than double by the hour.
Currently breathing and heart problems are associated with the average daily amount of air pollution rather than variations in hourly levels.
The findings of the study are published in Occupational and Environmental Medicine. The researchers collected data on stroke deaths among people of ages 65 years and older between January 1990 and December 1994 in 13 cities.
In addition they also monitored levels of common air pollutants such as particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and photochemical oxidants were monitored hourly at various sites.
Study of the two sets of data revealed a a pattern for a stroke called intracerebral hemorrhage where a blood vessel breaks and bursts open inside the brain during the warmer months between April and September.
This revealed that high hourly rate of particulate matter about two hours before death was associated with an increase in the risk of stroke following a burst blood vessel in the brain by over two times.
These findings were consistent irrespective of the average daily level of air pollutants.
However similar results were not seen in ischaemic stroke where the arteries of the brain become thickened and narrowed as a result of fatty deposits.
According to the researchers this could be attributed to the time lag between the start of this type of stroke and death is comparatively longer than that for a bleed into the brain.
Environmental epidemiologist Dr Shin Yamazaki, of Kyoto University, said: "One possibility is the interval from stroke onset to death is much longer, or much more variable, for ischaemic stroke than for intracerebral haemorrhage.
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