Navigation Links
Smoking and Caffeine Inversely Associated With Parkinson's Disease

Individuals with Parkinson's disease are less likely to smoke or consume high doses of caffeine than their family members who do not have the disease//, according to a report.

Smoking cigarettes, consuming caffeine and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medications (such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen) have been reported to protect individuals from developing Parkinson's disease, according to background information in the article. However, little family-based research has examined these associations. Studying individuals with Parkinson's disease and their families enables scientists to limit the number of unknown genetic and environmental factors influencing the development of the condition.

Dana B. Hancock, B.S., of Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., and colleagues assessed the associations between smoking, caffeine and NSAID use and Parkinson's disease in 356 Parkinson's disease patients (average age 66.1) and 317 family members without the disease (average age 63.7). Participants were evaluated clinically to confirm their Parkinson's disease status and then interviewed by phone to determine their exposure to environmental factors.

"Individuals with Parkinson's disease were .56 times as likely to report ever smoking and .30 times as likely to report current smoking compared with unaffected relatives," the authors write. "Increasing intensity of coffee drinking was inversely associated with Parkinson's disease. Increasing dosage and intensity of total caffeine consumption were also inversely associated, with high dosage presenting a significant inverse association with Parkinson's disease." There was no link between NSAID use and Parkinson's disease.

The biological mechanisms through which smoking and caffeine might work in individuals at risk of Parkinson's disease is unknown, the authors note. "Given the complexity of Parkinson's disease, these environmental factors likely do not exert the ir effects in isolation, thus highlighting the importance of gene-environment interactions in determining Parkinson's disease susceptibility," they conclude. "Smoking and caffeine possibly modify genetic effects in families with Parkinson's disease and should be considered as effect modifiers in candidate gene studies for Parkinson's disease."

Source-Eurekalert/B
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. New hope on the Horizon for People Wishing to Quit Smoking
2. Cancers of Colon & Rectum linked to Cigarette Smoking
3. Smoking a greater risk than HIV? Yes say health experts!!!!
4. Kick Smoking with Nicotine Drink
5. Smoking spreads Cancer
6. Prescription Drug - Helps People Stop Smoking
7. Quit Smoking
8. Smoking can depreciate intellegence
9. Smoking Delays Pregnancy
10. Smoking Linked To Low Infant Birth Weight
11. GlaxoSmithKline To Cultivate Non-Smoking Environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... In 1987, McDaniel & Durrett, P.C., ... business this year, and they’re marking the milestone by undertaking a significant office ... , It stands to reason that, given the central importance of gynecology ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... Maury Regional ... starts and blood draws. By broadly deploying AccuVein devices, Maury Regional Medical Center is ... of the guesswork out of a needle stick and more importantly, helps our staff ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... A global leader in the treatment ... clinics in all 29 Indian states—bringing the country one step closer to eliminating clubfoot ... the nonprofit organization is on track to enroll 10,000 children in the clubfoot treatment ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... Fusion Flix Inc., a Telly Award Winning, Non Profit ... millions of viewers in a partnership with the Amazon Video Direct Streaming Distribution Platform. ... on Blu Ray disc in 2018. Proceeds will be going to further health research. ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 16, 2017 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently gave a best-in-class 5 star rating to ... industry in the United States has undergone major changes over the last decade, particularly ... a doctor’s order to get a blood test or other lab work done. Today, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... WILMINGTON, N.C. , Aug. 15, 2017 ... Wilmington, NC , today announced that the company ... at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill ... AccuKit-HIV is designed to characterize and quantify HIV reservoir ... and after pharmacological intervention. The HIV Cure Center is ...
(Date:8/10/2017)... 2017  Physical Rehabilitation Network (PRN), acquired the long-standing outpatient ... Colorado . The reputable clinic will continue to be ... with his staff of four clinicians. Lipkin received his doctorate ... over 10 years of experience with a strong background in ... marks the 10th PRN clinic in and around the ...
(Date:8/7/2017)... Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH), ... Board of Directors has approved the payment of a quarterly ... The cash dividend of ... 27, 2017 to stockholders of record as of the close ... are subject to approval of the Board of Directors and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: