Navigation Links
Smoking Hampers Alcoholics' Neurocognitive Recovery During Abstinence

A new study has found that smoking may hamper alcoholics neurocognitive recovery during their first six to nine months period of alcohol abstinence .

About 50 to 90 percent of individuals in North America who take alcoholism treatment are chronic smokers. The new findings show that smoking may interfere with the neurocognitive recovery of these people during their first six to nine months of abstinence from alcohol.

The results are published in the July issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

There are several possible explanations for the concurrent use of alcohol and tobacco products, said Timothy C. Durazzo, assistant adjunct professor in the department of radiology at the University of California San Francisco, and corresponding author for the study.

Nicotine and alcohol may enhance each others rewarding properties; nicotine may decrease some of alcohols negative effects on cognition and motor incoordination; paired use of nicotine and alcohol may produce a strong association between the two substances such that the use of one leads to cravings for the other; and there may exist a genetic vulnerability for concurrent active cigarette smoking and alcohol dependence, Durazzo added.

Durazzo added that earlier research had shown that chronically smoking alcoholics display poorer performance in several areas of cognitive functioning than non-smokers when they are still actively drinking or after a short period of sobriety.

However, it was unknown if non-smoking alcoholics and alcoholics who continued to smoke during abstinence would show comparable levels of recovery after a sustained period of sobriety, he said.

Study authors recruited three groups: 13 non-smoking recovering alcoholics (12 males, 1 female), 12 actively smoking recovering alcoholics (11 males, 1 female), and 22 non-smoking light-drinking controls (20 males, 2 females). The researcher s assessed the neurocognitive changes that occurred in the two recovering-alcoholic groups during six to nine months of abstinence from alcohol, comparing their neurocognitive performance with that of the controls.

Non-smoking alcoholics showed a significantly greater level of recovery than smoking alcoholics in the areas of mental efficiency, higher-level reasoning and problem-solving, visual-spatial processing skills, and working or short-term memory, said Durazzo.

Although smoking alcoholics in the study improved significantly in auditory-verbal memory and processing speed over six to nine months of abstinence from alcohol, the level of their recovery was not greater than the non-smoking alcoholics. It is also of note that in the smoking alcohol group, those with greater nicotine dependence and longer smoking histories showed less recovery in several areas of functioning, he added.

Sara Jo Nixon, a professor in the department of psychiatry at the University of Florida, said that sober alcoholics, who has no history of cigarette smoking, attained an improved revitalization of vital mental functions during the first six to nine months of constant abstinence.

In short, abstinent alcoholics without a history of cigarette smoking achieved better recovery of critical mental functions during the first six to nine months of sustained sobriety. [These] differential outcomes demonstrate the importance of considering the behavioral impact of continued cigarette smoking among alcoholics on long-term recovery of function, Nixon said.

Durazzo said that the findings imply that consideration of smoking status is significant to the evaluation of cognitive revival.

Even though our results should be considered preliminary, they suggest that consideration of smoking status is relevant to the assessment of cognitive recovery. More generally, chronic smoking may impact neurocognition in other conditi ons where is it a prevalent behavior, such as schizophrenia-spectrum and mood disorders. Further research is imperative, he said.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. New hope on the Horizon for People Wishing to Quit Smoking
2. Cancers of Colon & Rectum linked to Cigarette Smoking
3. Smoking a greater risk than HIV? Yes say health experts!!!!
4. Kick Smoking with Nicotine Drink
5. Smoking spreads Cancer
6. Prescription Drug - Helps People Stop Smoking
7. Quit Smoking
8. Smoking can depreciate intellegence
9. Smoking Delays Pregnancy
10. Smoking Linked To Low Infant Birth Weight
11. GlaxoSmithKline To Cultivate Non-Smoking Environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management ... on current legislative activity and the latest regulatory concerns impacting RBMA members. The ... 10, and will continue through Monday, Sept. 11, at the Ritz-Carlton, Tysons Corner ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A new analysis of community ... healthiest seniors are located in the Midwest. With the average cost of healthcare rising ... are concerned with both the quality and affordability of where they live. An annual ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... On May 24, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projected that the amended American ... result in 23 million Americans losing their health insurance by 2026 as compared with ... Care Act (ACA). , “It is clear from the CBO analysis that the ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Silver Birch of Hammond, a new ... on more than four acres of land at 5620 Sohl Avenue in Hammond, serves ... square-foot building includes 125 studio and one-bedroom apartments. Each of the private apartments at ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... “When the ... Lead Home” is the creation of published author Laura Weigel Douglas, an avid reader ... cat in a house that sometimes feels like Green Hills Adventure Camp. She couldn’t ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/8/2017)... , May 8, 2017 MACRA replaces ... from fee for service reimbursement. Black Book Research crowdsource-surveyed ... 1.       The Market for MIPS Compliance Technology ... of physician practices with 3 or more clinicians seek ... by Q4. "Given the magnitude of the changes, the ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017   Provista , a ... more than 200,000 customers, today announced Jim Cunniff ... wealth of executive and business experience to Provista, including most ... pharmacy in California . He assumed his ... "Jim is a great fit for Provista," says Jody ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... add approximately 100,000 square feet to its Welch Allyn ... 2016 its commitment to bring more than 100 new ... where Welch Allyn has maintained a significant presence for ... accommodate these new positions, a large portion of which ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: