Navigation Links
Smoking, Glucose Tolerance Level may Increase Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk

Two new studies have found that smoking, low formal level of education and certain metabolic indicators are high risk factors in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

The study was conducted by a team of researchers led by Dr Ulf Bergstrom at the Malmo University Hospital, Sweden.

As part of the studies, researchers examined people enrolled in the Malmo Diet and Cancer Study (MDCS) between 1991 and 1996 and in a Preventive Medicine Program (PMP) between 1974 and 1992 to study the link between smoking and RA and glucose level as a predictor of RA.

Investigators examined lifestyle factors using a self-administered questionnaire and took glucose tolerance and lipids readings.

Individuals who developed RA after participation in the health surveys were compared to controls without RA from the PMP and MDCS, matched for age, sex and year of screening.

The first study found that smoking and a low level of formal education, such as elementary school education only versus university degree status, might independently increase the risk of developing RA.

The second study highlighted the link between smoking, glucose levels and RA and found that both smoking and glucose levels to be independent predictors of RA.

The authors suggested that factors such as diet and genetics influencing metabolism might play an important part in RA development.

"The determinants for developing RA in any population are clearly complex and often unrelated. These studies help us to add more pieces to the giant jigsaw of risk factors for one of the most common autoimmune diseases, affecting approximately 1% of adults worldwide," Bergstrom said.

"We hope these findings will contribute to better understanding of future RA prevention and treatment. Whilst the glucose tolerance findings contrast with previous studies linking impaired tolerance to established RA, they sugges t that other mechanisms may be important years before RA onset. Our results will pave the way for future debate and research to pinpoint its definitive causes," Bergstrom added.

The findings of the study were presented at EULAR 2007, the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology in Barcelona, Spain.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Its Never Too Late to Stop Smoking,Study Finds
2. Stop Smoking, Your Body Will Thank You It
3. After Smoking, Trans Fats Next on New York’s Hit Lis
4. MSU Research Strengthens Link Between Smoking, Pancreatic Cancer
5. Lack of Sleep can Lead Teens to Smoking, Boozing
6. Stop Smoking, Start Living: World No Tobacco Day
7. Treatment For Sleep Apnea Found To Lower Blood Glucose Levels
8. Glucose may support in Cardiac Arrest
9. Critically Ill Patients More At Risk Of Infection If Glucose Is Present In Their Lung Secretions
10. Glucose Boosts Memory Retention
11. Glucose Enables Speedy Recovery From Malaria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/30/2017)... ... March 30, 2017 , ... ... Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), will join nonprofit Seafood Nutrition Partnership (SNP) ... a live webinar designed to help nutrition educators and students inform consumers about ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... ... ARI Network Services, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARIS) announced today that Rhino Ag has ... of more than 650 U.S.-based dealers. Rhino, a member of the Alamo Group, offers ... and cutters, rear blades, post hole diggers, pasture renovators, tillers, disc mowers and box ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... ... is the main cause of hay fever in the United States, with an estimated 95 ... May to July each year; with the worst time for sufferers being June and July. ... http://www.haymax.us ) provide an effective defense against grass pollen; they are proven in independent studies ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... 30, 2017 , ... Sports Brand EXOUS Bodygear announced today a special sale ... for the remaining days of March, the price will be only $19.97. The EXOUS ... of just $10 (regular retail price $19.97). , The special promotional prices are to ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... ... 29, 2017 , ... Based on research from Guardian’s Fourth ... in trying to balance both short-term and long-term benefits demands. Are employers ... growing complexity, companies are finding that the short-term strategies used to control costs, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017  Bodycad announced today ... Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance for its Bodycad Unicompartmental ... truly personalized orthopaedic restoration. Bodycad is the first ... joint reconstruction implant system. Bodycad,s ... personalized restoration of the patient,s unique anatomical features ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017 Avelas Biosciences, Inc., a clinical ... through treatment, today announced that Carmine N. Stengone , president ... at the Needham & Company 16 th Annual Healthcare Conference ... PDT) at the Westin Grand Central Hotel in New ... ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... Mar. 29, 2017 Research and Markets ... Market 2014 - 2025" report to their offering. ... The ... 303.7 million by 2025. Increasing geriatric population prone to orthopedic ... orthopedic navigation systems over the forecast period. Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: