Navigation Links
Smokers Are Prone To Number Of Psychiatric Disorders

Smoking has been linked to a number of psychiatric disorders, including mood disorders, schizophrenia// and substance disorders, among others. Early smoking is shown to increase the risk for emergence of certain anxiety disorders (e.g., panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder), and that presence of certain anxiety disorders (e.g., social anxiety) increases the risk for later development of nicotine dependence.

A recent study compared smokers and nonsmokers with the full spectrum of anxiety disorders across a range of theoretically relevant characteristics including symptoms of anxiety, depression, negative affect and functional impairment.

In the study to be published in Journal of Anxiety Disorders (available online 3 October 2005), differences between smokers and nonsmokers with anxiety disorders were examined with respect to multiple measures of theoretical and clinical interest.

Compared to nonsmokers, smokers with anxiety disorders reported greater anxiety sensitivity, anxiety symptoms, agoraphobic avoidance, depressed mood, negative affect, stress and life interference; however, these differences were largely accounted for by panic disorder. No differences were found between smokers and nonsmokers regarding social anxiety, worry, obsessive–compulsive symptoms or positive affect. Differential patterns were observed when evaluating constructs within anxiety disorder diagnoses.

Overall, these findings suggest that smokers with anxiety disorders, particularly panic disorder, have generally greater symptoms than nonsmokers with anxiety disorders.

These findings call for additional research examining the ways in which smokers with specific anxiety disorders differ from their nonsmoking counterparts, as well from smokers with and without other psychiatric conditions (e.g., depression, ASAD), which commonly co-occur with anxiety disorders.

Results from this study may have important implications for adapting smoking cessation treatments to specific populations.

The authors stress that knowledge of factors that increase risk for potentially reciprocal relationship between anxiety disorders and tobacco use/dependence is also critical for prevention efforts of both conditions.

Medindia on Smoking & Health Hazards:

Smoking is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Smoking still remains one of the leading causes of preventable death. Smoking has the dubious distinction of affecting all the systems from head to foot. Several studies have also shown that smoking leads to less stamina

Related medicine news :

1. Smokers children likely to develop caries
2. Smokers more prone to depression
3. Female Smokers More Prone To Lung Cancer
4. Young Smokers at Increased Risk Of Developing a Heart Attack
5. Women Smokers More Prone To Lung Cancer
6. Creating A Greater Awareness Among Smokers
7. Smokers may differ in their cravings for smoking
8. Trained Counselors Counseling Pregnant Smokers To Quit May Not Work
9. Smokers Avoid Dental Care More Than Others
10. Smokers Face The Risk Of Becoming Blind In Later Life
11. New Vaccination For Smokers To Quit Smoking
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Experts from the American Institutes ... Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston. , ... advance care planning, healthcare costs and patient and family engagement. , AIR researchers ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency ... named Dr. Sesan Ogunleye, as the Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. ... Director of our new Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... the pursuit of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high ... low, risk more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone to extreme mood shifts ... upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If there was a knife ... and say he was going to kill them. If we were driving on the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of ... Cancer Society and the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to and ... other adults to ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. Getting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... BEIJING , June 24, 2016 Dehaier ... or the "Company"), which develops, markets and sells medical ... China , signed a strategic cooperation agreement with ... as "Hongyuan Supply Chain") on June 20, 2016, to ... Under the strategic cooperation agreement, Dehaier will leverage Hongyuan ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 According to a new ... Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length (4mm, 5mm, ... Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends & Global ... the market for the forecast period of 2016 to ... Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion in 2016, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  Arkis BioSciences, a ... invasive and more durable cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today ... The Series-A funding is led by Innova Memphis, ... and other private investors.  Arkis, new financing will ... and the market release of its in-licensed Endexo® ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: