Navigation Links
Sleep Deprivation can Affect Competent Decision-making

A study finds that sleep deprivation can adversely affect a persons decision-making at a gambling table by elevating the expectation of gains and making light of ones losses following risky decisions.

To understand the neural underpinnings of risky decision making under conditions of sleep deprivation, Vinod Venkatraman and colleagues of Duke University studied healthy volunteers as they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the use of MRI to measure the haemodynamic response related to neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans.

The authors found that the nucleus accumbens, an area in the brain involved with the anticipation of reward, becomes selectively more active when high risk-high payoff choices were made under conditions of sleep deprivation. Further, the number of high risk decisions did not increase with sleep deprivation, but the expectation of being rewarded for making the high risk gamble was elevated. Allied to this finding was the observation that there was an attenuated response to losses in the insula, a part of the brain involved with evaluating the emotional significance of an event.

According to the authors, the new findings build on prior research that has shown that sleep-deprived participants choose higher-risk decks and exhibit reduced concern for negative consequences when performing a variant of the Iowa Gambling Task. While well-rested participants learn to avoid high-risk decks and to choose from the advantageous decks, sleep-deprived participants tend to continue to choose from the risky decks as the game progresses.

Michael W.L. Chee, one of the authors of the study, noted that disadvantageous decisions were not actually made, but the brain showed response patterns suggesting that going down that path might be the next step. Herein lies the added value of brain imaging potentially being able to foretell the likelihood of making disadvantageous deci sions, added Chee.

"Most of us know of people who have stayed up all night on a gambling table, taking crazy risks that did not make sense and who lost more than they had because they did not walk out when it was sensible to," said Chee. "Understanding why we make poorer choices when sleep deprived is important not only because of the increasing numbers of persons affected, but also because there exist today unprecedented opportunities to incur damaging losses by means such as online gambling. This work is one of many evaluating the neural correlates of decision making but the first to apply such methods to sleep deprived individuals."

Experts recommend that adults get between seven and eight hours of sleep each night to maintain good health and optimum performance.

Those who think they might have a sleep disorder are urged to discuss their problem with their primary care physician, who will issue a referral to a sleep specialist.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Sleep apnoea increases post-operative risks
2. Sleep, snoring....stroke
3. Sleeping sickness - a silent killer
4. Deep Sleep Doesnt Increase Memory
5. Sleepwalking has genetic roots
6. Sleepy drivers increase road death toll
7. Sleep apnoea linked to surgical risks
8. Sleep disorders can have anomalistic sexual acts
9. Sleepwalking linked to a gene
10. Sleep Apnea Linked to Bed-Wetting in Kids
11. Race Affects Sleep in Children
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... California Senate Bill (SB) 863, signed into law in 2012, ... and 2014, according to CompScope™ Medical Benchmarks for California, 17th Edition , a ... study, medical payments per claim in California decreased 4 percent in 2013 and then ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... The Dianne ... offices headquartered in Hamilton County, is embarking on a charity drive with the ... finding new homes for orphaned or neglected senior dogs in the Cincinnati region, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... and financial consulting services to residential and commercial clients in the northern Alabama ... support for Nobis Works. , Since 1977, Nobis Works has built a network ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Kenall Manufacturing, a leader in sealed healthcare lighting ... MPCNGX is a multi-function, sealed, LED luminaire that meets the needs of everyone in ... it’s needed. , A 2’ x 4’ model features four modes: reading, ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ... (“Presence”) for a purchase price of approximately $17.4 million (net of the ... revenue is approximately $13.2 million. Headquartered in Barcelona, Spain, Presence is a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- A Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) grant has ... to Phoenix -based NeuroEM Therapeutics, Inc. ... will seek to determine an optimal set of treatment ... to treat Alzheimer,s Disease. The grant will also investigate ... other neurologic disorders such as Parkinson,s Disease and PTSD. ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 According to the research report, ... is expected to be worth US$9.7 bn by the ... Between the forecast years of 2016 and 2024, the global ... The leading players operating in the global diabetes injection pens ... plc., Biocon Ltd., and Sanofi S.A. Transparency Market Research reports ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 8, 2016 According to ... by Product (Actual Sugars, Sugar Alcohols, Artificial Sweeteners), ... Tonicity Agents), Formulation (Oral, Topical, Parenteral) - Global ... has witnessed healthy growth during the last decade, ... of 4.3% between 2016 and 2021 to reach ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: