Navigation Links
Single Slice MRI- Handy Tool to Identify Children at Risk

A new study finds that single-slice magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a fast and non-invasive way to measure intra-abdominal fat//.

Excessive intra-abdominal fat is known to be a major risk factor for developing heart disease, diabetes and other illnesses in children and teenagers.

Unlike the fat that lies just beneath the abdominal wall, forming skin folds or "love handles," internal fat located in and around the abdominal organs may actually be more damaging, predisposing children to adult diseases.

"Because metabolic abnormalities appear to be more closely associated with intra-abdominal fat tissue, it is critical to be able to reliably and accurately assess this fat tissue in order to identify children at risk," said the study's lead researcher Marilyn J. Siegel, M.D., professor of radiology and pediatrics at Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri.

Results from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found that an estimated 18.8 percent of children (age 6 to 11) and 17.4 percent of adolescents (age 12 to 19) in the United States are overweight.

Current methods used to estimate body fat include anthropometry, which involves physical measurements including waist circumference, abdominal height and body mass index, and dual energy absorptiometry (DEXA), a whole-body scan that distinguishes lean mass from fat tissue. However, anthropometry is imprecise and DEXA requires exposure to ionizing radiation.

In Dr. Siegel's study, 30 adolescents had fat tissue measurements taken using anthropometry, DEXA and single-slice and whole-abdominal, multi-slice MRI. The study's 20 boys and 10 girls were between the ages of 10 and 18 and included nine overweight but non-diabetic individuals, 10 Type-2 diabetic and overweight patients, and 11 normal weight, non-diabetic adolescents.

The single-slice and multi-slice MRI measurem ents were compared and tested for correlations with anthropometric and DEXA measurements.

"Single- and multi-slice MRI measurements for assessing body fat distribution strongly correlated with clinical and DEXA measures," Dr. Siegel said. "The single-slice MRI, which takes just a few seconds, characterized body fat as well as the multi-slice exam."

While all participants had similar fat distribution patterns with a predominance of fat in the tissue of the abdominal wall, the total amount of fat tissue varied. Overall fat volume was highest in the diabetic, overweight adolescents.

According to Dr. Siegel, fat tissue estimation through single-slice MRI is simple, fast and could be useful in many clinical and research applications, including patient management, monitoring interventions, and implementing multi-center clinical trials or epidemiologic studies.

"Our ability to accurately measure abdominal fat may substantially advance strategies for achieving healthy weights in children," she said.

Source-Eurekalert

'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Single gene analysis for diagnosis of a range of blood disorders
2. Single drug for bipolar disorder
3. Treating Testicular Cancer With A Single Dose Of Chemotherapy
4. Decreasing Multiple Births By Single Embryo Transfers
5. Single gene skin cancer cause
6. Drug Firms To Produce Single Pill AIDS Treatment
7. Malaria May Gain Resistance To Single Drug Prescriptions
8. Single Women with Baby Cravings Can Actually Cradle their Own, Courtesy NHS
9. Thai Doctors Removed 421 Kidney Stones From A Single Person
10. Single Dose Of Azithromycin Could Cure Trichiasis
11. Effects Of Certain Food Related To Single Pain Receptors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/16/2017)... ... ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest network of independent freestanding ... Medical Director of its Sienna Plantation facility. , “We are pleased to announce ... said Dr. Michael (Derek) Caraway, Area Medical Director of First Choice Emergency Room – ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Rollon Skin ... anti-aging skincare solutions, recently announced the launch of two new skincare products, Prache ... effective alternative to expensive plastic surgery or in-patient cosmetic dermatological procedures. , “Prache ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... ... pain afflicting 8 of 10 Americans at some point in their lives, some of us ... equally vexing condition stems from a variety of causes that can be effectively targeted by ... president of Atlantic Spine Center. , Nestled between your neck and lower back, the ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... , ... “Faith, Through The Eyes of A Child” is the creation of published author, Pauline ... down at her. Since she was in such great pain, my mother thought that her ... went well. It wasn’t until I was about eight years old, when I had a ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... definitions of disease. It’s reaching out to a patient who feels isolated. It’s ... art amid madness. , WesternU President Daniel R. Wilson, MD, PhD, invited three ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/7/2017)... 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest ... June 30, 2017.  All comparisons, unless otherwise noted, are to ... Second Quarter 2017 Highlights include: ... an increase of 3.5% Total prescriptions dispensed ... of 7.5% versus 7.6% Gross profit ...
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 4, 2017 The search for ... after a physician/patient consult has long been the goal ... a notable focus of the largest meeting of lab ... to healthcare market research firm Kalorama Information.  The firm ... (POCT) offerings or related supplies and software were at ...
(Date:8/3/2017)...  Opioid addiction and other drugs of abuse, blood ... threatening outcomes, were problems taken on directly as laboratory ... support them, met this week. This according to Kalorama ... of abuse, procalcitonin and acute kidney injury were key ... meeting in San Diego, CA. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: