Navigation Links
Sharing injection equipment spreads Hepatitis C

According to findings of a new report, the risks injection drug users face for infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) from sharing commonly used drug paraphernalia other than syringes, such as drug "cookers" and cotton filters.//

While many anti-drug campaigns have warned of the hazards of sharing hypodermic needles, the new study found that injection drug users who shared cookers--containers used to dissolve and heat illicit drugs including heroin and cocaine--were four times more likely to contract HCV. Those who shared cotton filters more than doubled their risk of contracting the virus. Sharing syringes and rinse water also boosted risk, but not significantly.

Dr. Lorna Thorpe of the University of Illinois at Chicago and colleagues felt that, in most injection sessions, drugs are placed in a cooker and dissolved in water. The solution is then drawn into a syringe through a cotton filter to strain out 'impurities. Thorpe's team followed 600 injection drug users from 1995 to 1998. All of the young adults in the study provided blood samples and those who did not already have HCV were retested 6 months and 1 year later.

About one quarter of the drug users were already infected with HCV at the beginning of the study, the authors report. During the study period, 30 more became infected with the virus. After adjusting for the sharing of syringes, the researchers calculated that injection drug users who shared cookers were more than three times more likely to contract HCV. Sharing cotton filters more than doubled a person's risk of contracting HCV, the report indicates.

Thorpe and colleagues feel that this study provides enough evidence that sharing of drug injection paraphernalia other than syringes may cause transmission of HCV among injection drug users, preventing messages and campaigns should be revised to alert active injection drug users to the importance of reducing or eliminating all equipment-sharing practices.

Currently in the US, injection drug users are the group at highest risk for infection with HCV, with experts attributing more than 60% of new HCV cases to people who inject illicit drugs. HCV causes deterioration of the liver, or cirrhosis, in about 20% of people with chronic infection, and it can be fatal. A 6- to 12-month course of interferon treatment, sometimes given along with the antiviral drug ribavirin, wipes out HCV in about 40% of infected people.


Related medicine news :

1. Sharing a bed with infants may raise the risk for SIDS
2. Sharing Personal Stories Can Help Bond Parents And Kids
3. IVF Price To Be Reduced If Women Opt For Egg Sharing Scheme
4. Indonesia Has Stopped Sharing Vital Bird Flu Data
5. Cement injections linked to osteoporosis
6. Toxin injections support stroke associated spasticity
7. Exubera could mean the end of an insulin injection era for diabetics
8. Enlarged Prostate Might Be Relieved with Botox injections
9. Lethal dose of cosmetic injections paralyzed recipients
10. Mammography units and up gradation and tax cuts on diagnostic equipments in Hospitals
11. Smoking spreads Cancer
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... Indianapolis, IN (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... clean water accessible for all, Water For Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together ... on clean water by empowering women as key stakeholders in the process. The ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Cokato, MN (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... Thanksgiving through Christmas Eve on several models of traditional and far-infrared saunas. ... . Nordic Spruce is the most traditional Finnish sauna wood, and Finnleo uses only ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... direct sauna parts and accessories. , Sauna accessories help improve the bather experience ... and personality. From basic styles for the purist looking for simplicity in design ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... (AUC), European Union (EU), ANDI Pan African Centres of Excellence, and public R&D ... Nairobi (UNON) for the opening of the 5th African Network for Drugs and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... For the first time, Vitalalert is donating half of its earnings ... partnership between the two groups began in 2014 with Vitalalert pledging a portion of ... was founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based health organization whose mission is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... NEW YORK , November 27, 2015 ... health system is set to go online. The potential ... and processes is vast and far from fully exploited ... access to patient health records, either via mobile tablet ... ) --> ) ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 27, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> Medical ... response system (PERS) market is ... 5 years with APAC being ... to see a high CAGR ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> --> Juntendo University Hospital ... weighting of MRI for patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) ... with SyntheticMR in order to use SyMRI in clinical research ... generate multiple contrast images from a single scan and adjust ... it possible to both fine tune images and recreate additional ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: