Navigation Links
Self-harming Among Teens More Common Than Thought

A new study has suggested that teens indulgence in non-suicidal injury is more common than what was previously suspected.

Non-suicidal self-injury is the deliberate, direct destruction of body tissue without conscious suicidal intent.

The findings are important because it suggests that NSSI is more prevalent among adolescents in the general population than previously thought, says lead author Elizabeth Lloyd-Richardson, PhD, a psychologist at The Miriam Hospital and assistant professor of psychiatry and human behaviour at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

If this is the case - its essentially a wake-up call to take better notice of these behaviors in the community and learn how to help teens manage stress without harming themselves, added Lloyd-Richardson.

Researchers decided to explore the frequency and breadth of NSSI engaged in by teens in the community because little is known about self-harming behaviour in this particular population.

Although NSSI is commonly encountered in inpatient and outpatient psychiatric and other institutionalized settings, little research has looked at NSSI in community samples, said Lloyd-Richardson.

A total of 633 high school students (grades 9-12) from schools in the southern and mid-western United States voluntarily and anonymously participated in the study by completing a survey administered by the researchers. The survey asked the participants whether they purposefully engaged in 11 different NSSI behaviours in the past year, and if so, the frequency of occurrence. In addition, the survey assessed the motivations for engaging in NSSI behaviour.

We were surprised to find that 46 percent of the teens in the study reported injuring themselves in the past year on multiple occasions, said Lloyd-Richardson.

Furthermore, 60 percent of these (or 28 percent of the entire sample) endorsed moderate/severe for ms of NSSI including cutting skin, burning skin, giving self a tattoo, scraping skin, or using a pencil to erase skin.

The researchers note it was important to distinguish between minor and moderate/severe forms of self-injury, since severe forms of NSSI may be predictive of more serious outcomes. Minor forms of NSSI consisted of behaviours such as pulling out hair, biting self, or picking at areas of the body to the point of drawing blood. Moderate/severe self-injurers were more likely than minor self-injurers to report a history of psychiatric treatment and hospitalizations, suicide attempt, and current suicide ideation.

Results from the study also indicated that the most common reasons teens in the study engaged in NSSI included to get control of a situation, to stop bad feelings, and to try and get a reaction from someone.

This suggests that adolescents are engaging in NSSI for several reasons, including both regulating their own internal emotional states and trying to manage situations in their environment, said Lloyd-Richardson.

Once thought of as a phenomenon only found in teens with mental health issues, the results support the notion that many adolescents in the community are self-harming as way to cope with emotional distress, she added.

Accordingly, intervention efforts should be tailored to the individual and contribute to building alternative skills for positive coping, communication, stress management, and strong social support, the authors note.

While there remains few proven treatments for NSSI, understanding the specific motivations behind an adolescents behaviour namely to influence the behaviours of others, as well as to manage their own internal emotions as our study shows - allows for the development of an individual treatment plan that could help prevent future episodes, she said.

In this study, no gender, race, or age differences were noted i n overall NSSI rates however, the researchers suggest that future studies examine NSSI in nationally representative samples. They also recommend exploring how NSSI and its functions may change over time, given additional exposure, as well as changes in interpersonal and intra-personal variables.

For example, a question that arises is if long-term exposure of repeated NSSI leads to a decreased fear threshold in teens, and therefore, a greater attraction to suicide and death. The answer could lead to significant changes in how we initially treat adolescents who start to exhibit self-harming behaviour, Lloyd-Richardson added.

The research is published in the August 2007 issue of Psychological Medicine.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Death Among the Homeless
2. Bullying – a Common Problem Among Childre
3. Easing Fears Among Asthmatics
4. Creating A Greater Awareness Among Smokers
5. Reducing The Rate Of Amputations Among Diabetics
6. Anti-tobacco Advertising Can Reduces smoking Among Teens
7. Incidence Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Gay Men On The Rise
8. Kidney Donors Health Can Cause Anxiety Among Kidney Recipients
9. Exposure to Pesticides in Schools Produces Illnesses Among Employees, Students
10. Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
11. Suicide Rate Amongst Male Prisoners Of UK Is Quite High
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/27/2017)... ... 27, 2017 , ... It’s no secret that aging causes ... a host of health issues, including urinary incontinence. However, results published in late ... good overall muscle strength in older women, particularly in the abdominal and pelvic ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... ... The threat of nuclear warfare has long plagued this world. In July of ... of nuclear weapons. Years later, when her co-workers began dying, Dot started searching for ... Clayton exposes the critical decisions made by agencies involved in the nuclear testing during ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y. (PRWEB) , ... February 27, 2017 , ... ... Society ( ILADS ) has disclosed that despite scientific studies, the Center for Disease ... of chronic Lyme disease . Kenneth B. Liegner, M.D. has compiled into ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... New Jersey ranks among the top five ... genders. And the need for advanced services is growing. , Project WE vs ... program, in collaboration with their non-profit partners in their fight against cancer and in ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... LatitudeC Baby Products, ... today announced it would be offering some it’s exclusive product line to the ... quality and unique baby clothing/feeding products, will team up with AMAZON to distribute ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/27/2017)...  CTI BioPharma Corp. (CTI BioPharma) (NASDAQ and MTA: CTIC) ... Ph.D., as President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and member ... Craig succeeds Richard Love , interim President and CEO ... Directors.  Dr. Craig has over 20 years of experience in ... Europe . "On behalf of ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... -- Following receiving CE ... , s AMAR is a major milestone for the country ... w ound care market in Israel ... BST for inclusion in the National Health Basket , ...   E-QURE Corp. (OTCQB: EQUR), a leader in medical devices for ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Feb 24, 2017 Research and ... Analysis and Strategies - 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Dry eye Drugs ... in the global Dry eye market. The research answers the following ... for Dry eye and their clinical attributes? How are they positioned in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: