Navigation Links
Selective Marker Found to Indicate Aggressive Form of Breast Cancer

Researchers have linked a structural protein called nestin to a particularly deadly form of breast cancer, identifying a new biomarker that could lead to earlier detection and better treatment.//

In the January 15 issue of Cancer Research, researchers from Dartmouth Medical School demonstrate that nestin could represent a selective biological marker for basal epithelial breast tumors, a highly aggressive cancer with similarities to mammary stem cells, the regenerative cells believed to be the site of breast cancer initiation.

'Patients with this type of breast cancer are at high risk for recurrence,' said James DiRenzo, Ph.D., assistant professor at Dartmouth Medical School. ' Ideally, a marker like nestin would enable clinicians to monitor these patients through frequent tests of a biomarker and, in doing so, detect the cancer before it has a chance to come back.'

Basal epithelial tumors lack important molecular targets such as the estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and Her2. This not only makes positive diagnosis difficult, say researchers, but also eliminates several important lines of therapy, such as tamoxifen or Herceptin, that work well for other breast cancer subtypes.

'Currently, there is no direct means of determining if a breast cancer is a basal epithelial tumor – doctors only know for certain once the other forms of breast cancer are ruled out,' DiRenzo said. 'This type of breast cancer is generally difficult to manage, but several important studies have shown that it is more likely than other breast cancer subtypes to respond to certain types of therapy, which highlights the need for a definitive diagnostic marker.'

The basal epithelial breast cancer subtype represents 17 to 37 percent of all breast cancers and is more common in premenopausal African American women than in other demographic groups. Among breast cancers, this subtype is known to have an early age of onset and a very sho rt time between treatment and relapse. It is more commonly detected during normal screening mammogram intervals than other screening subtypes, which likely reflects its aggressive nature. These important clinical correlations likely explain why this subtype disproportionately accounts for breast cancer mortality, according to DiRenzo.

In a retrospective study of breast cancer tumors lacking estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors and Her2, DiRenzo and his colleagues found extremely high amounts of nestin in 14 of 16 tumor samples examined. While the researchers plan to strengthen their findings with a larger prospective study, their results offer a crucial first step in diagnosis and management of a disease that is notoriously difficult to control. Consistent with other studies showing that breast cancers associated with inherited mutations in BRCA1 display the basal phenotype, DiRenzo and colleagues found high levels of nestin in these tumors as well.

Nestin is a long filamentous protein found in adult stem cells in the central nervous system. While scientists do not know its exact function, the protein is thought to have a role in stabilizing the structure of adult stem cells as they regenerate and divide into daughter cells.

'Normal basal epithelial tissue produces nestin, but basal epithelial tumors produce a tremendous amount of nestin, which likely represents an abnormal expansion of the basal epithelia.' DiRenzo said. 'If it is indeed specific to regenerative cells, then it will make for an excellent diagnostic tool for a cancer of regenerative mammary cells.'

According to the DiRenzo, another important next step will be finding an efficient means of detecting nestin in a clinical screening setting. While it seems unlikely that a blood test would be sufficient, DiRenzo believes that a non-invasive test that collects samples from mammary ducts may enable the development of a screening tool for at-risk patient s.

Source-Eurekalert
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Selective eating just an evolutionary trait?
2. New Study Questions Cannibalism As A Worldwide Selective Force
3. Govt to Pass Amendment to Curb Sex Selective Abortions: Ramadoss
4. Selective Marker Found to Indicate Aggressive Form of Breast Cancer
5. Wiping Out Memories Selectively, is Possible Now
6. Blood Marker Found To Predict Colon Cancer
7. Biochemical Markers Might Help Predict Heart Problems
8. Elevated Insulin Levels To Influence Levels Of Inflammatory Markers
9. Protein Markers for Identification of Brain Tumor
10. Protein Expression to Serve as Marker for Head and Neck Cancer
11. A New Marker For Type-2 Diabetes ?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to ... Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to ... fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the ... Ogunleye, as the Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We ... new Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary ... Work award to iHire in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. ... Maryland Workplace Health & Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic ... many turn to unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping ... released tools for healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The Pulmonary ... Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its work ... marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for their ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Research and ... Excipients Market by Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), ... Topical, Coating, Parenteral) - Global Forecast to 2021" ... The global pharmaceutical excipients market is projected ... CAGR of 6.1% in the forecast period 2016 to ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... date financial data derived from varied research sources to present ... impact on the market during the next five years, including ... sub markets, regional and country level analysis. The report provides ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Bracket , a leading clinical ... generation clinical outcomes platform, Bracket eCOA (SM) 6.0, at ... 26 – 30, 2016 in Philadelphia , ... Outcome Assessment product of its kind to fully integrate with ... Bracket eCOA 6.0 is a flexible platform for electronic clinical ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: