Navigation Links
Scientists Re-grow Dental Enamel from Cultured Cells

Dental enamel is the hardest tissue produced by the body. It cannot regenerate itself, because it is formed by a layer of cells that is lost by the time the tooth appears in the mouth. The enamel spends the remainder of its lifetime vulnerable to wear, damage, and decay. //

For this reason, it is exciting to consider the prospect of artificially growing enamel, or even whole teeth, using culturing and transplantation techniques. In the emergent field of tooth-tissue engineering, several groups have developed their own approaches. Although there has been some success in producing enamel-like and tooth-like tissues, problems remain to be solved before the technology comes close to being tested in humans. One of the issues has been how to produce, in culture, sufficient numbers of enamel-forming cells.

On the occasion of the 85th General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, a team of researchers from the Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo (Japan), reports on a new technique for culturing cells that have the capacity to produce enamel.

This group has recently shown that epithelial cells extracted from the developing teeth of 6-month-old pigs continue to proliferate when they are cultured on top of a special feeder layer of cells (the feeder-layer cells are known as the 3T3-J2 cell line). This crucial step boosts the number of dental epithelial cells available for enamel production.

In the study being reported today, the researchers seeded the cultured dental epithelial cells onto collagen sponge scaffolds, along with cells from the middle of the tooth (dental mesenchymal cells). The scaffolds were then transferred into the abdominal cavities of rats, where conditions were favorable for the cells in the scaffolds to interact and develop.

When removed after 4 weeks, the remnants of the scaffolds were found to contain enamel-like tissue. The key finding of this study was that even after the multiple divisions that occurred during propagation of the cells in culture, the dental epithelial cells retained the ability to produce enamel, as long as they were later provided with an appropriate environment.

The idea for the culturing technique originates from 1975, when Dr. J.G. Rheinwald and Dr. H. Green of Harvard Medical School reported the use of feeder layers for culturing epithelial cells from the skin (the 3T3-J2 cells used in the current study were gifted by Dr. Green). The cell-scaffold approach is based on tissue-engineering technology developed at the Forsyth Institute (MA) and was applied by one of the Tokyo researchers to produce enamel-like tissues in 2002.

Now that dental epithelial cells can be propagated in culture, the next step will be to achieve the same success with their partners in tooth formation, the dental mesenchymal cells. Further development of this technique will be aimed toward production of tissue to replace damaged or missing enamel, and ultimately, regeneration of whole teeth.

Source-Eurekalert
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Scientists plan human cloning clinic in the United States
2. Scientists found ancient Human Germ Killer
3. Scientists locate key hormone involved in appetite control
4. Scientists open the book of life
5. Scientists review SARS
6. Scientists crack dengue fever puzzle
7. Scientists push to lower hidden sodium in food
8. Indian Scientists Make Wide-Ranging Analysis And Annotation Of X Chromosome
9. Scientists have found effective brain regions for deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s
10. Scientists reveal the secrets of sarcasm
11. Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... and HR decision-makers are preparing for how his administration could impact the employee ... insight into what changes are most likely to make it through Congress. His ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... Las Vegas, NV (PRWEB) , ... April 25, ... ... teeth can now choose a modern procedure that achieves results in a fraction ... orthodontist in Las Vegas, NV, with Significance Dental Specialists, now offers this ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Buyers and sellers in the ... dispensaries and head shops –can’t help but be heartened by the industry’s current surge. ... odor aptly described as “skunk smell.” At last they can simply, safely and ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 25, 2017 , ... There is ... Regional Hospital, according to a special report in the May issue of Consumer Reports ... its highest quality ranking for results achieved during and after coronary bypass and aortic ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... LG CNS Healthcare Solutions debuted the next ... Telehealth 2.0, the American Telemedicine Association’s national conference. , BYOD has been added ... pre-programmed tablet in a remarkably easy-to-use kit for patients. “BYOD is the next ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Outlook, Growth Trends, Key Players, Competitive Strategies and Forecasts, 2014 ... ... US$ 7,167.6 Mn in 2015, and is expected to reach ... 5.6% from 2016 to 2024. The global ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) ... & Co. Healthcare Investor Conference 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel in ... , Chief Executive Officer of the Company is scheduled to present ... Richard Bear and the Chairman of the Board, Tony ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... NEW YORK , April 19, 2017 ... Surgical drainage devices are tubes used to remove excess ... include, blood, serum, pus, urine, bile or lymph. Surgical ... types of surgery such as orthopedics surgery, cardiovascular surgery, ... device is prophylactic post-surgery to prevent accumulation of fluid ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: