Navigation Links
Scientists Genetically Engineer Tomatoes With Enhanced Folate Content

Leafy greens and beans aren't the only foods that pack a punch of folate, the vitamin essential for a healthy// start to pregnancy.

Researchers now have used genetic engineering--manipulating an organism's genes--to make tomatoes with a full day's worth of the nutrient in a single serving. The scientists published their results in this week's online edition of the journal PNAS, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"This could potentially be beneficial worldwide," said Andrew Hanson, a plant biochemist at the University of Florida at Gainesville who developed the tomato along with colleague Jesse Gregory. "Now that we've shown it works in tomatoes, we can work on applying it to cereals and crops for less developed countries where folate deficiencies are a very serious problem."

Folate is one of the most vital nutrients for the human body's growth and development, which is why folate-rich diets are typically suggested for women planning a pregnancy or who are pregnant. Without it, cell division would not be possible because the nutrient plays an essential role in both the production of nucleotides--the building blocks of DNA--and many other essential metabolic processes.

Deficiencies of the nutrient have been linked to birth defects, slow growth rates and other developmental problems in children, as well as numerous health issues in adults, such as anemia.

"Folate deficiency is a major nutritional deficiency, especially in the developing world," said Parag Chitnis, program director in the National Science Foundation's Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, which funded the research. "This research provides the proof-of-concept for the natural addition of folate to diet through enhancement of the folate content of fruits and vegetables."

The vitamin is commonly found in leafy green vegetables like spinach, but few people eat enough produce to get the suggested amount of folate. So, in 1998 , the Food and Drug Administration made it mandatory that many grain productssuch as rice, flour and cornmeal be enriched with a synthetic form of folate known as folic acid.

Folate deficiencies remain a problem in many underdeveloped countries, however, where adding folic acid is impractical or simply too expensive.

"There are even folate deficiency issues in Europe, where addition of folic acid to foods has not been very widely practiced," Gregory said. "Theoretically, you could bypass this whole problem by ensuring that the folate is already present in the food."

Will doctors be recommending a healthy dose of salsa for would-be pregnant women anytime soon? Probably not, the researchers say.

"It can take years to get a genetically-engineered food plant approved by the FDA," Hanson said. "But before that is even a question, there are many more studies to be done--including a better look at how the overall product is affected by this alteration."

And there is another hurdle the researchers must clear. Boosting the production of folate in tomatoes involved increasing the level of another chemical in the plant, pteridine. Little is known about this chemical, which is found in virtually all fruits and vegetables.

Source-Newswise
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Scientists plan human cloning clinic in the United States
2. Scientists found ancient Human Germ Killer
3. Scientists locate key hormone involved in appetite control
4. Scientists open the book of life
5. Scientists review SARS
6. Scientists crack dengue fever puzzle
7. Scientists push to lower hidden sodium in food
8. Indian Scientists Make Wide-Ranging Analysis And Annotation Of X Chromosome
9. Scientists have found effective brain regions for deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s
10. Scientists reveal the secrets of sarcasm
11. Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health ... jaw clipper that has been available via Amazon.com. This new style of nail ... nails. , The jaw opening is approximately 4mm and the actual handle is 2.5mm ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... 28, 2016 , ... May 26, 2016- In search of the K. Warriors, ... event of “K Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at Ashbury Hotel and Suites 600 ... sponsored and hosted by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by KSF (Kungfu Sanda Federation), This ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level ... as YWCA Tribute to Women and Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes ... workplace. For this year, Geri Boone, Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... installment is bolstered by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought ... industry, from leading advocates, associations and industry leaders such as Bioness. , ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Each year ... medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this year’s Life University winner of a ... the university’s Student Leadership Awards ceremony. , Outerbridge is approaching her last quarter ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... 26, 2016   Change Healthcare , ... network solutions and technology-enabled services designed to ... into a strategic channel partnership with SourceMed, ... solutions and revenue cycle management services that ... rehabilitation clinics to optimize revenue, operational efficiency ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 According ... by Type (3D, 2D, 4D), by Therapeutic Area (Oncology, ... End User (Medical Device Manufacturers, Hospitals/ Clinics) - Forecast ... global Medical Animation Market for the forecast period of ... USD 301.3 Million by 2021 from USD 117.3 Million ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25, 2016  Zymo Research Corp. announced ... new reference materials that help researchers obtain the ... to analyses. The rapid growth of the study ... to have standard methods to improve the reproducibility ... inherently exist at every step of the measurement ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: