Navigation Links
School Playgrounds and Athletic Facilities Helps To Fight Childhood Obesity

A RAND Corporation study issued today says school playgrounds and athletic facilities can be important tools in the fight against childhood obesity//, but many are locked and inaccessible to children on weekends – especially in poor and minority neighborhoods.

The study is a new analysis of data from a national research study called the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls. The data deals with the physical activity of 1,556 girls in the sixth grade in six metropolitan areas: Washington, D.C./Baltimore, Md.; Columbia, S.C.; Minneapolis, Minn.; New Orleans, La.; Tucson, Ariz.; and San Diego, Calif.

Researchers visited all the schools and parks within a half-mile radius of the homes of the girls on Saturdays in the spring of 2003 for the original study. The 407 schools represented 44 percent of potential neighborhood sites for physical activity.

Researchers found that, on average, 66 percent of the schools were unlocked on weekends. But only 57 percent of schools were both unlocked and had accessible facilities for weekend physical activities such as playgrounds, athletic fields, basketball courts and paved playing surfaces.

“Girls who lived near locked schools tended to be heavier, and neighborhoods with locked schools were disproportionately poor and had larger minority populations,” said Molly M. Scott, lead author of the study and research analyst with RAND, a nonprofit research organization. “These neighborhoods, where risk of obesity is high and public parks and playgrounds are often lacking, could benefit from convenient and safe places for physical activity. And making schools accessible doesn't require construction. It's a policy change.”

Although the RAND Health study didn't find a relationship between school accessibility and increased weekend physical activity rates, the number of locked schools was associated with significantly higher body mass index for the girls. Body mass index, or BMI, is a mathematical formula representing weight relative to height that can be used to determine whether a person is overweight or underweight.

The study found differences in BMI and physical activity by the girls' race and socioeconomic status, consistent with the findings of previous studies. Hispanic and African-American girls had 7.2 percent and 7.8 percent higher BMIs respectively than whites, and non-white girls recorded less physical activity than their white counterparts. “Studies consistently find that people of different races have different BMIs, but the policy implications of that are often unclear,” Scott said. “This study identifies locked schools as great points of policy intervention where gains in the fight against obesity could potentially be made.”

More research is needed, Scott said, noting that the study did not measure whether the girls in the study actually used the school facilities for exercise. The fact that girls with higher BMIs tended to live in areas with locked schools also could signal that the girls live in a more stressful, high-crime area or a neighborhood with less access to stores that sell healthy food.

Researchers measured the girls' physical activity with accelerometers – devices that measure intensity of movement. Since middle school girls aren't old enough to drive, the RAND study looked at locations within a half-mile of the girls' homes — a distance they might be expected to walk or ride their bikes. Researchers also examined data on the girls' weekend activity levels.

Three-fourths of the schools in the study were public schools, and playground and athletic facilities there were locked about as frequently as private schools.

Public schools had the highest average number of active amenities and a significantly higher proportion of baseball fields, paved playing surfaces, basketball and handball courts and high-level gymnastics equipment.

Source-Genere
SRM/B
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Does Success in School Differ From the Real World Success ?
2. Exposure to Pesticides in Schools Produces Illnesses Among Employees, Students
3. Adolescents Who Walk To School Are Fitter, More Active
4. Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
5. Vitamin filled nutrition candy for School children
6. A Comparative Study On Dietary Habits In Middle School Students And Increase In Weight
7. Improperly Placed And Heavy Backpacks Lead To Back Pain In School Children
8. School Children Put To Risk Due To Shortage Of Nurses
9. Sex Education, Need Of The Hour In Public Schools
10. Schools and Bars closed in Rwanda due to Cholera outbreak
11. Tuberculosis test for Westminster High School
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... female reproductive tract in which the endometrial lining of the uterus spreads ... and pain. Patients experiencing painful intercourse, painful periods, pelvic pain, or irregular ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... , ... May 24, 2017 , ... If you are thinking of a visit to ... in business architecture, October is the perfect time to visit. , Business Architecture Associates is ... la carte offering for individuals, as a 4-½ day package for individuals, and as 4-½ ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... prominent for-profit and nonprofit hospitals and health systems in the nation and help ... their institutions, led professional organizations and been instrumental in developing successful hospital and ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Dymedix® Diagnostics, ... sensors, announced today it had completed the first phase of building a global ... and rest of world (ROW) authorized dealers specializing in polysomnography accessories. The ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Allegheny Health Network and ... Joy D’Achille Center for Women’s Behavioral Health at West Penn Hospital , a ... for women suffering from pregnancy-related depression. Construction of the Center is underway with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2017)... 4, 2017  Fortuna Fix Inc. (" Fortuna "), ... first to eliminate the need for embryonic and fetal stem ... neurodegenerative diseases. Fortuna announced today the ... Michael Fehlings , MD, PhD; Father Kevin FitzGerald , ... and Professor James Giordano , PhD. "We ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... 4, 2017 Clarius Mobile Health, a ... ultrasound scanners this week at the American Congress ... in San Diego, CA ... is the perfect tool for clinicians to easily ... and evaluate pregnancy-related complications like ectopic pregnancy and ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... , May 4, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), ... and big data solutions, today announced that it is ... and STI Technologies Limited to lower diabetes healthcare costs ... STI,s innoviCares card, which is available throughout all provinces ... customers will be eligible for additional savings when shopping ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: