Navigation Links
Saliva Helps to Identify Child Victims of Chronic Bullying

Penn State researchers suggest that hormones in saliva may be a biological indicator of the trauma that children suffer as a result of chronic bullying by peers.

The researchers believe that their finding may aid in the early recognition and intervention of long-term psychological effects on youth.

'Bullying is mainly self-reported either by students or observed by teachers,' said JoLynn V. Carney, Associate Professor of Counselor Education.

The researchers looked at the hormone cortisol in students' saliva to evaluate its validity as a reliable biomarker for assessing effects of precursors to bullying. This hormone is responsible for regulating various behavioral traits, such as the fight-flight response and immune activity, which are connected to sensory acuity and aspects of learning and memory.

'A lot of kids suffer in silence. When you hear of school shootings, or students who commit suicide as reaction to chronic peer abuse, those are kids who are not coping with the abuse by seeking appropriate support,' said Carney.

'They keep their anger and frustration within and fantasize either how they are going to escape the abuse through suicide or how they are going to get revenge on their abusers,' the researcher added.

She said that the cortisol levels spike and learning and memory functions are negatively impacted when the children sense any threat. She further said that the longer such a spike continues, the more damage it can do to various aspects of a person's physical, social, and emotional health.

However, when a person undergoes a lengthy period of stress similar to the chronic bullying experience, he shows less than normal cortisol reactions that are related to a decreased sensitivity to stress.

For their study, the researchers tested the saliva of 94 sixth grade students between 9 to 14 years of age, and sought from them the information a bout their experience on being bullied or watching someone being bullied, and additional measures of anxiety and trauma.

The study suggested that while bullying was directly linked to trauma and anxiety, it was indirectly linked to cortisol levels.

'This confirms our theory that while exposure to a one-time or very rare bullying episode might cause higher cortisol levels, exposure to bullying on a chronic basis would be associated with hypocortisol levels,' said Carney and her colleague Richard Hazler, who recently presented their findings at the American Counseling Association Convention in Detroit.

'All of a sudden depression was not simply a psychological phenomenon, but it also has a physical aspect with potential medication treatments to support counseling,' they noted.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Testing Of Saliva May Predict Dental Caries
2. Oral Cancer Can Be Detected By Saliva Test
3. Saliva Can Now Be Used For Hepatitis C Test
4. Early Diagnosis Of Oral Cancer And Sjogrens Syndrome Possible By Saliva-Based Tests
5. Salivary Test Could Predict Future Oral Bone Loss
6. Salivary Analysis for Early Detection of Breast Cancer
7. Scientists Use Salivas diagnostic Alphabets to Diagnose Disease
8. Saliva Testing for Cancer Now Possible
9. Diagnosis Of Sjogrens Syndrome Possible Using Saliva
10. Antibiotics Helps Autism
11. Serum Progesterone Helps Stratify Ectopic Pregnancy Risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing ... their videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan to ... a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately achieving ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton ... Plant City Observer , brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: ... The closing for fumigation is not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. Omkar Marathe earned his Bachelors ... Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in Internal Medicine at Scripps Green ... hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he had the opportunity to train ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... the pursuit of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high ... low, risk more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... June 27, 2016 Jazz Pharmaceuticals plc (Nasdaq: ... under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as ... Celator Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Celator"; Nasdaq: CPXX ) ... Daylight Time). As previously announced on May ... definitive merger agreement under which Jazz Pharmaceuticals has commenced ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Global Blood Therapeutics, Inc. (GBT) (NASDAQ: ... novel therapeutics for the treatment of grievous blood-based ... closing of its previously announced underwritten public offering ... public offering price of $18.75 per share. All ... by GBT. GBT estimates net proceeds from the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... -- Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: DHRM ... sells medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products in ... agreement with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. (hereinafter ... 2016, to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology business. ... leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach Dehaier,s ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: