Navigation Links
Saliva Helps to Identify Child Victims of Chronic Bullying

Penn State researchers suggest that hormones in saliva may be a biological indicator of the trauma that children suffer as a result of chronic bullying by peers.

The researchers believe that their finding may aid in the early recognition and intervention of long-term psychological effects on youth.

'Bullying is mainly self-reported either by students or observed by teachers,' said JoLynn V. Carney, Associate Professor of Counselor Education.

The researchers looked at the hormone cortisol in students' saliva to evaluate its validity as a reliable biomarker for assessing effects of precursors to bullying. This hormone is responsible for regulating various behavioral traits, such as the fight-flight response and immune activity, which are connected to sensory acuity and aspects of learning and memory.

'A lot of kids suffer in silence. When you hear of school shootings, or students who commit suicide as reaction to chronic peer abuse, those are kids who are not coping with the abuse by seeking appropriate support,' said Carney.

'They keep their anger and frustration within and fantasize either how they are going to escape the abuse through suicide or how they are going to get revenge on their abusers,' the researcher added.

She said that the cortisol levels spike and learning and memory functions are negatively impacted when the children sense any threat. She further said that the longer such a spike continues, the more damage it can do to various aspects of a person's physical, social, and emotional health.

However, when a person undergoes a lengthy period of stress similar to the chronic bullying experience, he shows less than normal cortisol reactions that are related to a decreased sensitivity to stress.

For their study, the researchers tested the saliva of 94 sixth grade students between 9 to 14 years of age, and sought from them the information a bout their experience on being bullied or watching someone being bullied, and additional measures of anxiety and trauma.

The study suggested that while bullying was directly linked to trauma and anxiety, it was indirectly linked to cortisol levels.

'This confirms our theory that while exposure to a one-time or very rare bullying episode might cause higher cortisol levels, exposure to bullying on a chronic basis would be associated with hypocortisol levels,' said Carney and her colleague Richard Hazler, who recently presented their findings at the American Counseling Association Convention in Detroit.

'All of a sudden depression was not simply a psychological phenomenon, but it also has a physical aspect with potential medication treatments to support counseling,' they noted.


Related medicine news :

1. Testing Of Saliva May Predict Dental Caries
2. Oral Cancer Can Be Detected By Saliva Test
3. Saliva Can Now Be Used For Hepatitis C Test
4. Early Diagnosis Of Oral Cancer And Sjogrens Syndrome Possible By Saliva-Based Tests
5. Salivary Test Could Predict Future Oral Bone Loss
6. Salivary Analysis for Early Detection of Breast Cancer
7. Scientists Use Salivas diagnostic Alphabets to Diagnose Disease
8. Saliva Testing for Cancer Now Possible
9. Diagnosis Of Sjogrens Syndrome Possible Using Saliva
10. Antibiotics Helps Autism
11. Serum Progesterone Helps Stratify Ectopic Pregnancy Risk
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Somu Sivaramakrishnan announced today ... owner, Somu now offers travelers, value and care based Travel Services, including exclusive ... as well as, cabin upgrades and special amenities such as, shore excursions, discounted ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... set of retro-fused, self-animating trailer titles with ProTrailer: Vintage. This newly styled ProTrailer ... classically-influenced trailer titles work with any font, giving users limitless opportunities to stylize ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... The holiday season is jam-packed with family ... of attendees is of the utmost importance. Whether you are cooking at home ... recipes a try this holiday season. , Turkey Croquettes ,     Ingredients: ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Ministers, senior ... (EU), ANDI Pan African Centres of Excellence, and public R&D institutions, civil societies ... the opening of the 5th African Network for Drugs and Diagnostics Innovation, ANDI, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dental professionals who would like ... , are invited to attend Dr. Mark Iacobelli’s Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM) CE course. ... OH. , As the co-founders of Advanced Implant Mentoring (AIM), Dr. Iacobelli and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... WILMINGTON, N.C. , Nov. 25, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announces the planned investment of at least $15.8 ... in Wilmington, NC . The ... services capacity to meet the growing demands of ... Wilmington site expansion will provide up ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 Allergan plc (NYSE: ... agreement with the New York State ... of the Sherman Act, and other statutes with the Attorney ... February 2014, to cease marketing and selling the now generic ... settlement, Allergan admits no liability, has released its counterclaims against ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... USP 800 applies to all healthcare ... pharmacy technicians, nurses, physicians, physician assistants, home healthcare ... covers all entities which store, prepare, transport, or ... institutions, patient treatment clinics, physicians, practice facilities, and ... --> What is the purpose of USP ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: