Navigation Links
Review of Reversal of Spread of Diseases in Africa

African heads of state plan to meet this week in Abuja, Nigeria, to review the progress achieved in reversing the spread of infectious diseases// like HIV/Aids, malaria, tuberculosis.

Five years ago the leaders had set a target of increasing health spending to at least 15 per cent of national budgets in order to accelerate a continental response to the pandemic of Aids as well as other diseases.

However progress has been dismal. Only Botswana, for instance, has devoted 15 per cent of national budgets towards health care, emphasising on HIV/Aids programmes.

They were followed by Zimbabwe at 14.5 percent which was mainly due to an innovative employee/employer Aids levy introduced in 2003 that leveraged additional resources. Tanzania and Uganda follows closely behind with 13 per cent and 12 per cent respectively and Kenya trailing at 7 per cent.

The heads of state are only expected to recommit to the unmet Abuja targets as well as an accelerated response to the Aids pandemic. However this was beset with difficulties owing to insufficient resources to increase prevention, treatment and care for the already affected people.

The summit will probably help to endorse a proposal due for discussion at UN General Assembly in the following month for a widespread effort to put 10 million people on antiretrovirals by 2010 with the majority to be probably drawn from Africa.

In Africa the total death toll due to Aids has already crossed 22 million, out of a global total of 25 million. The number of Aids orphans, estimated at 12 million, is expected to reach 18 million by 2008.

The AU expects countries to redouble their efforts to raise internal resources after having miserably failed to keep up to the targets of 2001.

However resources are not the only constraint in Africa as experts opine. In fact since the 2001 targets were set, Africa has had new resource coming from the Global Fund, the World Bank multi-country Aids programme and the US government under the President's Emergency Plan for Aids Relief (Pepfar).

The International financing for HIV/Aids for Africa has increased from $1.7 billion to over $4.7 billion. Yet accessing the funds has been complicated by several conditions in addition to competing donor priorities not always being aligned to the strategies of specific countries.

The magnitude of the pandemic has also not kept pace with required resources.

In addition competion for international funds from Asia and Eastern Europe, where the number of HIV/Aids is increasing is expected to further pressurize the African governments to mobilise more resources internally.

The exodus of health personnel to the West in search of greener pastures has further undermined Africa's capacity to respond to Aids.

Limited expenditures for the health sector in the budget, in addition to inadequate incentives have only meant that very few countries can replace those migrating or motivate those who remain.

This week's summit is expected tomainly focus on increasing the availability of retroviral treatment to more people as well as on the prevention of Aids mainly targeting the youth. It has now been widely acknowledged that the lack of comprehensive knowledge on HIV/Aids is undermining behaviour change and fuelling the spread of the disease among the youth.


Related medicine news :

1. US Reviews Risks Of Tamiflu After 12 Children Die
2. Breast Cancer Examinations To Be Reviewed In Irish Hospitals
3. BioCryst’s Bird Flu Drug Enjoys Fast-Track Review By FD
4. FDA Accords Priority Review For Pediatric Crohns Disease Drug
5. The Lancet Calls For Review Of Regulatory Process Of Drug Trials
6. Review of Pramod Mahajans Injuries
7. Vaticans Council Reviews Condom Usage
8. Closure of NHS Borders Hospitals to be Reviewed
9. Mammograms in Queensland Reviewed
10. NHS Charges Needs To Be Reviewed
11. India to Host Asian Review Meet on Avian Flu
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... A revolution is underway. ... ambulance transport experience for the millions of people who require these medical transport ... taxi industry through the use of technology. Now, SmartEMS has put forth an ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, ... editors can give their videos a whole new perspective by using the title ... Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... policy issues and applications at AcademyHealth’s Annual Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at ... on several important health care topics including advance care planning, healthcare costs and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest ... as the Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are ... Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Montreal, Canada (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... the pursuit of success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high ... low, risk more than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016  Collagen Matrix, Inc., ("Collagen Matrix") the ... of collagen and mineral based medical devices for ... Bill Messer has joined the company as ... the growing portfolio of oral surgery, neurosurgery, orthopaedic ... joins the Collagen Matrix executive team as an ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 ... the addition of the " Global Markets for ... This report focuses on ... updated review, including its applications in various applications. The ... which includes three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: DHRM ) ... medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products in ... with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred ... to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology business. ... Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach Dehaier,s dealers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: