Researchers have explained that the killer disease of H.Influenza could be virtually abolished in Africa by routinely vaccinating the infants Hib vaccine. //
Scientists from the Oxford University have shown in their research that the routine vaccination of infants in Kenya against H. influenza Type b (Hib) significantly reduced invasive Hib disease to 88% below baseline. The researchers had published their findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on the 9th August
Dr. Anthony Scott, the lead author of the paper that was titled, ‘Effectiveness of Haemophilus influenza Type b (Hib) Conjugate Vaccine Introduction into Routine Childhood Immunization in Kenya’, explained that after three years of introduction, Hib vaccination was responsible for:
Reducing laboratory-confirmed invasive Hib disease by 88% from pre-vaccine levels.
Preventing an estimated 3,370 hospitalisations in Kenya in 2005.
Commenting on the study, Karen Cowgill, lead author and, at the time of the study, Epidemic Intelligence Service officer at the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention in the US, said: "These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the Hib vaccine in reducing severe childhood illness and associated deaths in Kenya, and lead us to conclude that many more deaths could be averted in Africa if more countries were to adopt the vaccine as part of their national EPI programs."
This is the first published study in East Africa to document the significant benefit of routine Hib vaccination in protecting young children against the devastating effects of a leading cause of childhood meningitis and pneumonia. The findings build on a considerable body of growing evidence from Africa and around the world: similar results have been observed in The Gambia, Chile, the US, and UK. The findings contained within the study can reasonably be expected to apply to other African settings too.
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