, and mental disorders. It suggested that only about one-fourth of individuals with the condition had ever received treatment.
The findings clearly indicate that the previous studies carried out to identify alcoholism subtypes would not have represented a substantial proportion of people with alcoholism in the samples used for them, as those projects focused primarily on individuals who were hospitalised or otherwise receiving treatment for alcoholism.
Young Adult subtype included young adult drinkers with relatively low rates of co-occurring substance abuse and other mental disorders, a low rate of family alcoholism, and who rarely seek any kind of help for their drinking.
Young Antisocial alcoholics were in their mid-twenties, had early onset of regular drinking, and alcohol problems. More than half of them came from families with alcoholism, and about half had a psychiatric diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder. Many had major depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety problems, and over 75 per cent smoked cigarettes and marijuana, and many also had cocaine and opiate addictions. More than one-third of them sought help for their drinking.
Functional alcoholics were typically middle-aged, well-educated people with stable jobs and families. About one-third of them had a multigenerational family history of alcoholism, about one-quarter had major depressive illness sometime in their lives, and nearly 50 per cent were smokers.
Intermediate Familial alcoholics were middle-aged people with about 50 per cent from families with multigenerational alcoholism. Almost half of them had had clinical depression, and 20 per cent bipolar disorder. Most of them smoked cigarettes, and nearly one in five had problems with cocaine and marijuana use. Only 25 per cent ever sought treatment for their problem drinking.
Chronic Severe alcoholics comprised mostly of middle-aged individuals who had earPage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
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